Leadership: Theory and Practice

The Intrapersonal definition of authentic leadership states that leadership
D. Grows out of the life story of the leader

The developmental definition of authentic leadership states that leadership
C. Grows out of the leaders self awareness and morality

The interpersonal definition of authentic leadership views leadership as
B. action based on the values of the leader

The early research on authentic leadership grew out of an underdeveloped area of which branch of leadership studies
E. Transformational Leadership

Based on Bill Georges authentic leadership approach, which of the following are NOT related
B. Compassion and Relationships

According to Georges authentic leadership approach, self discipline
E. All except C

Which of the following statements about authentic leadership is FLASE
B. The theoretical approach is based on real life examples

According to Terrys Action Wheel, all of the following fall under power EXCEPT
B. Desires

There is no single accepted definition of authentic leadership

According to Walumbwa et al. (2010), when leaders are authentic, employees engage in more organizational citizenship behaviors

The developmental perspective of authentic leadership emphasizes balanced processing and relational transparency

The life story of the leader is an important part of developing authenticity according to Shamir and Elam

According to team leadership theory, the leader is primarily
A. An analyst for diagnosing group defeciencies

In team leadership theory, two of the leaders primary decisions are
B. To monitor or take action

For leaders, McGraths critical leadership functions do NOT include which type of group leadership function
C. Negating remedial action

According to Zachary, principled leadership influences team effectiveness through these processes
B. Cognitive, motivational, affective, and integrative

Leadership decisions include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Over and Covert

Characteristics of team effectiveness include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Relationship driven structure

Team leadership research started focusing on more than just outcomes in the
A. 1990’s

A criticism of the team leadership model is
C. It is too complex and isn’t practical for a growing number of team leaders

Examples of organizational teams can include all of the following EXCEPT
D. Project Manager

McGrath describes diagnosing grop deficiencies as part of
A. Monitoring/internal

Teams with distributed leadership have some advantages over single leader teams

In virtual teams, relational functions are more critical than untraditional, face to face teams

If team goals are unclear, an internal relational intervention is needed to focus on building commitment

Which of the following is NOT true, according to the psychodynamic approach
C. Leaders should undergo psychoanalysis

Freuds personality types include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Marketing

According to Freud, which is/are the most productive personality types(s)
A. Productive Narcissist

Important concepts in transactional analysis include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Corrective transactions

The psychodynamic approach is criticized for all of these reasons EXCEPT
D. It is not universal in scope

All of the following are strengths of the narcissist EXCEPT
D. Good listener

According to transactional analysis, the free child
C. Feels uninhibited and unsocialized

All of the following are strengths of the psychodynamic approach EXCEPT
A. It lends itself to training by offering skills and techniques to use

According to the text, which of the following is not a dimension used when assessing personality
D. Judging vs. openness

In the 1970’s, popular press reported
A. Women were inferior to men when it came to leadership

What is NOT a result found by meta-analysis on characteristics and behaviors of female and male leaders
C. Women evaluated favorably when they used directive or autocratic styles

A meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness of female and male leaders found all of these EXCEPT
C. Men were more effective than women in government, and education organizations

In the area of human capital differences, what is NOT true for women
D. They tend to self-select themselves out of leadership tracks

Factor(s) that contribute to leadership effectiveness and rise of female leaders include all of the following EXCEPT
C. Higher effectiveness when the majority of subordinates are men

Research on transformational leadership did NOT find that
B. Men tend to engage in more contingent reward behavior than women

Which of the following leadership traits or skills is more likely to belong to men than to women
D. Authoritative

What does the term velvet ghetto refer to
D. The field of human resource management

According to research, when a woman leader encounters gender-leader stereotypes, her likely response
D. Is to display a vulnerable response if the threats are combined

According to research, one way women can advance in leadership is
D. By leading in a more democratic manner than men

Due to researchers identifying problems with the term Glass Ceiling, an alternative metaphor now used is
A. Glass escalator

In 2008, what percentage of the privately owned businesses were women-owned
C. 40%

Which of the following statements is FALSE
B. Men earn more bachelor’s degrees than women

Human capital differences for women include all of the following EXCEPT
C. Self-promotion

A definition of culture does NOT include
A. Individual qualities

According to the GLOBE study, which of these is NOT a cultural dimension
C. Division of labor

Global leadership behaviors include all of these EXCEPT
A. Self-directive leadership

According to the Anglo culture cluster, the least desirable leader behavior is
D. Self-protective leadership

According to the Sub-Saharan Africa Anglo culture cluster, the most desirable leader behavior is
C. Humane-oriented leadership

How many cultural dimensions did GLOBE researchers identify
A. 9

Who is(are) the most referenced researcher(s), identifying five major dimensions on which cultures differ
C. Hofstede

Who researched culture and leadership resulting in the GLOBE research program
D. House et al.

How many “country clusters” did GLPBE focus its findings on
A. 10

A strength of the GLOBE research study is that it includes ___ countries
B. 62

According to the text, the conceptualization of leadership used by GLOBE was derived in part from
B. Implicit leadership theory

A major factor in the need for increased cross-cultural awareness is
A. Increase of globalization

A criticism of the GLOBE research study, cited in the text is
A. The way the study measured leadership

Teleological theories include all of the following EXCEPT
D. Ethical egalitarianism

Green leaf’s theory of servant leadership
A. Says leaders should be concerned with society’s “have-nots”

A leader’s respect for others is NOT shown by
D. Being apathetic

Altruistic service cannot be observed in
B. Conceit

Burns contends all of the following EXCEPT
B. Leaders should put their values ahead of their followers to reach goals

Ethical theories fall within two broad domains:
C. Conduct and character

Utilitarianism is concerned with
B. Creating the greatest good for the greatest number

Virtue-based theories
B. Are about the leader’s character

The five principles of ethical leadership include all of the following EXCEPT
C. Acts courageously

A. Focuses on the virtuousness of individuals and their motives

Giving an employee a merit-based pay raise is an example of
C. Distributive justice

The ethics theory that is low in self-interest and high in concern for others is
B. Altruism

Which of the following is not a component of Terry’s Action Wheel?
C. Skill Set

Which of the following is not a component of Walumba and associates’ review of authentic leadership?
E. Courage

Which of the following psychological attributes is not part of Luthans and Avolio’s (2003) model of authentic leadership?
E. Humility

Which of the following scholars identified four components of authenticity, including self-awareness, balanced processing, relational transparency, and internalized moral perspective?
C. Walumba et al.

Who developed an action-centered model of authentic leadership?
A. Terry

Who used research from the fields of positive psychology and positive organizational behavior to identify psychological attributes that contribute to authentic leadership?
D. Luthans and Avolio

Which of the following scholars argued that followers want to have an open, trusting relationship with their leaders, and will then give them greater loyalty and commitment?
B. George

According to Terry’s Action Wheel, which of the following are considered resources?
C. Capital and information

In team leadership theory, two of the leader’s primary decisions are:
B. To monitor or take action

Team effectiveness is evaluated on these desired team outcomes:
A. Performance and development

Which of the following is not one of the characteristics of team excellence, according to Larson and LaFasto:
C. Authoritative Leadership

External leadership actions include:
B. Environmental

What scholar(s) provided grounded research support for the group effectiveness approach?
A. Hackman and Walton

Liz is a team leader at a local grocery store. Recently, her boss said that she needs to address the negative attitudes of employees. To try and fix this problem, she has begun awarding gift-cards to employees who have great attitudes. What internal leadership intervention is Liz addressing?
C. Goal focusing

According to McGrath, “taking remedial action” is part of
B. Executive action/internal

Internal task leadership actions include all of the following except
A. Collaborating

What model attempts to integrate mediation and monitoring concepts with team effectiveness?
B. Critical leadership functions model

Forecasting environmental changes fits into what quadrant of the critical leadership functions?
B. Monitor/external

According to Berne’s theory, the leader who acts like a parent is likely to get which state in reaction?
A. Child

Key elements of a productive person when considering personality types include all of these except.
C. Individualized or maternalistic

The personality type that Erich Fromm added to Freud’s work was:
A. Marketing

The creator of transactional analysis is:
A. Berne

Which scholar(s) developed a matrix showing how Jung’s personality types relate to leadership strengths and weaknesses?
B. Kroeger and Theusen

Which scholar used the concept of social character to look at leadership in terms of the psychology of followers?
D. Jung

The word that best describes a leadership plus of a sensor is
A. Practical

All of the following are strengths of the psychodynamic approach except
A. It lends itself to training by offering skills and techniques to use

The psychodynamic approach has roots in psychoanalysis, which was developed by
C. Freud

Which of the following is not a cited reason for women’s underrepresentation in leadership roles?
D. Intelligence

What scholar(s) used meta-analysis to research gender and leadership style?
A. Eagly and Carli

Which of the following statements is true?
C. Women make up 50% of people in managerial/professional positions

Which of the following is not listed as gender difference in the leadership labryrinth?
B. Cross-pressures

According to the leadership labyrinth, which of the following is a characteristic of prejudice?
B. Cross-pressures

What decade did researchers start paying attention to issues of gender and leaderships?
B. 1970s

What characteristic is considered a gender stereotype of women?
D. Helpfulness

According to research, which of the following is not a described level of promoting leadership effectiveness?
C. Governmental level

What is the primary purpose of the GLOBE research program?
A. To increase our understanding of cross-cultural interactions and the impact of culture on leadership effectiveness

Name one of the five cross-cultural competencies as indicated by Adler and Bartholomew (1992) that global leaders need to develop?
C. Learn to relate to people from other cultures from a position of equality rather than cultural superiority

Five cross-cultural competencies for leaders include all of the following except
D. Teaching the importance of one’s own culture to other cultures.

Universally desirable leadership attributes do not include
B. Dictatorial

Universally undesirable leadership behaviors include all of the following except
C. Explicit

Applications for culture and leadership do not include
D. Help maximize profit within a locally owned and operated organization

The cultural dimension in which organizations encourage and reward members for excellence is
D. Performance orientation

According to GLOBE researchers, which of the following statements is false
C. The Latin Europe cluster places value on institutional collectivism and societal goals

What was an element that GLOBE used to create regional clusters
C. Common language

Which of the following is not a reason why ethics is central to leadership?
D. The existence of bottom up communication

All of the following are ways ethical leaders build community except by
C. Keeping social collectives exclusive

Ethical Theories that are driven from the viewpoint of the leader’s character are called
B. Virtue-based theories

The NPM approach advocates public agency leadership should be
A. Decentralized leadership approach

Problems occur in using the notion of an anticipatory, proactive and customer-oriented leadership approach in public administration.
D. All of the above

(A. Private business has defined customer groups.
B. Determining a specific customer group for public agency is difficult.
C. Public agency has not customers at all because citizens are not customers.)

Behn identified responsibility of public agency leaders:
C. 8

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