Leadership: Theory and Practice

The Intrapersonal definition of authentic leadership states that leadership
D. Grows out of the life story of the leader
The developmental definition of authentic leadership states that leadership
C. Grows out of the leaders self awareness and morality
The interpersonal definition of authentic leadership views leadership as
B. action based on the values of the leader
The early research on authentic leadership grew out of an underdeveloped area of which branch of leadership studies
E. Transformational Leadership
Based on Bill Georges authentic leadership approach, which of the following are NOT related
B. Compassion and Relationships
According to Georges authentic leadership approach, self discipline
E. All except C
Which of the following statements about authentic leadership is FLASE
B. The theoretical approach is based on real life examples
According to Terrys Action Wheel, all of the following fall under power EXCEPT
B. Desires
There is no single accepted definition of authentic leadership
According to Walumbwa et al. (2010), when leaders are authentic, employees engage in more organizational citizenship behaviors
The developmental perspective of authentic leadership emphasizes balanced processing and relational transparency
The life story of the leader is an important part of developing authenticity according to Shamir and Elam
According to team leadership theory, the leader is primarily
A. An analyst for diagnosing group defeciencies
In team leadership theory, two of the leaders primary decisions are
B. To monitor or take action
For leaders, McGraths critical leadership functions do NOT include which type of group leadership function
C. Negating remedial action
According to Zachary, principled leadership influences team effectiveness through these processes
B. Cognitive, motivational, affective, and integrative
Leadership decisions include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Over and Covert
Characteristics of team effectiveness include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Relationship driven structure
Team leadership research started focusing on more than just outcomes in the
A. 1990’s
A criticism of the team leadership model is
C. It is too complex and isn’t practical for a growing number of team leaders
Examples of organizational teams can include all of the following EXCEPT
D. Project Manager
McGrath describes diagnosing grop deficiencies as part of
A. Monitoring/internal
Teams with distributed leadership have some advantages over single leader teams
In virtual teams, relational functions are more critical than untraditional, face to face teams
If team goals are unclear, an internal relational intervention is needed to focus on building commitment
Which of the following is NOT true, according to the psychodynamic approach
C. Leaders should undergo psychoanalysis
Freuds personality types include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Marketing
According to Freud, which is/are the most productive personality types(s)
A. Productive Narcissist
Important concepts in transactional analysis include all of the following EXCEPT
B. Corrective transactions
The psychodynamic approach is criticized for all of these reasons EXCEPT
D. It is not universal in scope
All of the following are strengths of the narcissist EXCEPT
D. Good listener
According to transactional analysis, the free child
C. Feels uninhibited and unsocialized
All of the following are strengths of the psychodynamic approach EXCEPT
A. It lends itself to training by offering skills and techniques to use
According to the text, which of the following is not a dimension used when assessing personality
D. Judging vs. openness
In the 1970’s, popular press reported
A. Women were inferior to men when it came to leadership
What is NOT a result found by meta-analysis on characteristics and behaviors of female and male leaders
C. Women evaluated favorably when they used directive or autocratic styles
A meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness of female and male leaders found all of these EXCEPT
C. Men were more effective than women in government, and education organizations
In the area of human capital differences, what is NOT true for women
D. They tend to self-select themselves out of leadership tracks
Factor(s) that contribute to leadership effectiveness and rise of female leaders include all of the following EXCEPT
C. Higher effectiveness when the majority of subordinates are men
Research on transformational leadership did NOT find that
B. Men tend to engage in more contingent reward behavior than women
Which of the following leadership traits or skills is more likely to belong to men than to women
D. Authoritative
What does the term velvet ghetto refer to
D. The field of human resource management
According to research, when a woman leader encounters gender-leader stereotypes, her likely response
D. Is to display a vulnerable response if the threats are combined
According to research, one way women can advance in leadership is
D. By leading in a more democratic manner than men
Due to researchers identifying problems with the term Glass Ceiling, an alternative metaphor now used is
A. Glass escalator
In 2008, what percentage of the privately owned businesses were women-owned
C. 40%
Which of the following statements is FALSE
B. Men earn more bachelor’s degrees than women
Human capital differences for women include all of the following EXCEPT
C. Self-promotion
A definition of culture does NOT include
A. Individual qualities
According to the GLOBE study, which of these is NOT a cultural dimension
C. Division of labor
Global leadership behaviors include all of these EXCEPT
A. Self-directive leadership
According to the Anglo culture cluster, the least desirable leader behavior is
D. Self-protective leadership
According to the Sub-Saharan Africa Anglo culture cluster, the most desirable leader behavior is
C. Humane-oriented leadership
How many cultural dimensions did GLOBE researchers identify
A. 9
Who is(are) the most referenced researcher(s), identifying five major dimensions on which cultures differ
C. Hofstede
Who researched culture and leadership resulting in the GLOBE research program
D. House et al.
How many “country clusters” did GLPBE focus its findings on
A. 10
A strength of the GLOBE research study is that it includes ___ countries
B. 62
According to the text, the conceptualization of leadership used by GLOBE was derived in part from
B. Implicit leadership theory
A major factor in the need for increased cross-cultural awareness is
A. Increase of globalization
A criticism of the GLOBE research study, cited in the text is
A. The way the study measured leadership
Teleological theories include all of the following EXCEPT
D. Ethical egalitarianism
Green leaf’s theory of servant leadership
A. Says leaders should be concerned with society’s “have-nots”
A leader’s respect for others is NOT shown by
D. Being apathetic
Altruistic service cannot be observed in
B. Conceit
Burns contends all of the following EXCEPT
B. Leaders should put their values ahead of their followers to reach goals
Ethical theories fall within two broad domains:
C. Conduct and character
Utilitarianism is concerned with
B. Creating the greatest good for the greatest number
Virtue-based theories
B. Are about the leader’s character
The five principles of ethical leadership include all of the following EXCEPT
C. Acts courageously
A. Focuses on the virtuousness of individuals and their motives
Giving an employee a merit-based pay raise is an example of
C. Distributive justice
The ethics theory that is low in self-interest and high in concern for others is
B. Altruism
Which of the following is not a component of Terry’s Action Wheel?
C. Skill Set
Which of the following is not a component of Walumba and associates’ review of authentic leadership?
E. Courage
Which of the following psychological attributes is not part of Luthans and Avolio’s (2003) model of authentic leadership?
E. Humility
Which of the following scholars identified four components of authenticity, including self-awareness, balanced processing, relational transparency, and internalized moral perspective?
C. Walumba et al.
Who developed an action-centered model of authentic leadership?
A. Terry
Who used research from the fields of positive psychology and positive organizational behavior to identify psychological attributes that contribute to authentic leadership?
D. Luthans and Avolio
Which of the following scholars argued that followers want to have an open, trusting relationship with their leaders, and will then give them greater loyalty and commitment?
B. George
According to Terry’s Action Wheel, which of the following are considered resources?
C. Capital and information
In team leadership theory, two of the leader’s primary decisions are:
B. To monitor or take action
Team effectiveness is evaluated on these desired team outcomes:
A. Performance and development
Which of the following is not one of the characteristics of team excellence, according to Larson and LaFasto:
C. Authoritative Leadership
External leadership actions include:
B. Environmental
What scholar(s) provided grounded research support for the group effectiveness approach?
A. Hackman and Walton
Liz is a team leader at a local grocery store. Recently, her boss said that she needs to address the negative attitudes of employees. To try and fix this problem, she has begun awarding gift-cards to employees who have great attitudes. What internal leadership intervention is Liz addressing?
C. Goal focusing
According to McGrath, “taking remedial action” is part of
B. Executive action/internal
Internal task leadership actions include all of the following except
A. Collaborating
What model attempts to integrate mediation and monitoring concepts with team effectiveness?
B. Critical leadership functions model
Forecasting environmental changes fits into what quadrant of the critical leadership functions?
B. Monitor/external
According to Berne’s theory, the leader who acts like a parent is likely to get which state in reaction?
A. Child
Key elements of a productive person when considering personality types include all of these except.
C. Individualized or maternalistic
The personality type that Erich Fromm added to Freud’s work was:
A. Marketing
The creator of transactional analysis is:
A. Berne
Which scholar(s) developed a matrix showing how Jung’s personality types relate to leadership strengths and weaknesses?
B. Kroeger and Theusen
Which scholar used the concept of social character to look at leadership in terms of the psychology of followers?
D. Jung
The word that best describes a leadership plus of a sensor is
A. Practical
All of the following are strengths of the psychodynamic approach except
A. It lends itself to training by offering skills and techniques to use
The psychodynamic approach has roots in psychoanalysis, which was developed by
C. Freud
Which of the following is not a cited reason for women’s underrepresentation in leadership roles?
D. Intelligence
What scholar(s) used meta-analysis to research gender and leadership style?
A. Eagly and Carli
Which of the following statements is true?
C. Women make up 50% of people in managerial/professional positions
Which of the following is not listed as gender difference in the leadership labryrinth?
B. Cross-pressures
According to the leadership labyrinth, which of the following is a characteristic of prejudice?
B. Cross-pressures
What decade did researchers start paying attention to issues of gender and leaderships?
B. 1970s
What characteristic is considered a gender stereotype of women?
D. Helpfulness
According to research, which of the following is not a described level of promoting leadership effectiveness?
C. Governmental level
What is the primary purpose of the GLOBE research program?
A. To increase our understanding of cross-cultural interactions and the impact of culture on leadership effectiveness
Name one of the five cross-cultural competencies as indicated by Adler and Bartholomew (1992) that global leaders need to develop?
C. Learn to relate to people from other cultures from a position of equality rather than cultural superiority
Five cross-cultural competencies for leaders include all of the following except
D. Teaching the importance of one’s own culture to other cultures.
Universally desirable leadership attributes do not include
B. Dictatorial
Universally undesirable leadership behaviors include all of the following except
C. Explicit
Applications for culture and leadership do not include
D. Help maximize profit within a locally owned and operated organization
The cultural dimension in which organizations encourage and reward members for excellence is
D. Performance orientation
According to GLOBE researchers, which of the following statements is false
C. The Latin Europe cluster places value on institutional collectivism and societal goals
What was an element that GLOBE used to create regional clusters
C. Common language
Which of the following is not a reason why ethics is central to leadership?
D. The existence of bottom up communication
All of the following are ways ethical leaders build community except by
C. Keeping social collectives exclusive
Ethical Theories that are driven from the viewpoint of the leader’s character are called
B. Virtue-based theories
The NPM approach advocates public agency leadership should be
A. Decentralized leadership approach
Problems occur in using the notion of an anticipatory, proactive and customer-oriented leadership approach in public administration.
D. All of the above

(A. Private business has defined customer groups.
B. Determining a specific customer group for public agency is difficult.
C. Public agency has not customers at all because citizens are not customers.)

Behn identified responsibility of public agency leaders:
C. 8