Law & Ethics – Ch’s 7, 8, & 9

Dual Relationships
– professional role and extra role of some sort
– none of the codes of ethics of any of the professional organizations state that nonsexual dual relationships are unethical, and most of them acknowledge that some are unavoidable
Boundary Crossings
– a departure from commonly accepted practices that could potentially benefit clients
Boundary Violations
– a serious breach that results in harm to clients
– exchanging services in lieu of paying a fee
– can lead to hurt feelings if one party feels exchange was or is inequitable
– not prohibited by ethics or law, but frowned upon
Assessment of Competence
– Formative Assessment
– Summative Assessment
Formative Assessment of Competence
– developmentally informed process that provides useful feedback during one’s training and throughout one’s professional career.
Summative Assessment of Competence
– end point evaluation typically completed at the end of a professional program or when applying for licensure status
Maintaining Competence
– supervision
– review
– consult
– continuing education
– self inspiration and maintenance
Supervisee’s Bill of Rights
– designed to inform supervisees of their rights and responsibilities in the supervisory process;
– Nature of Supervisory Relationship
– Expectation of Initial Supervisory Session
– Expectation of the Supervisory Relation-
– Ethics and Issues in Supervisory Relation-
– Expectations of Evaluation Process
Ethics and Issues in Supervisory Relationship
– Code of Ethic & Standards of Practice
– Dual Relationships
– Due Process
– Evaluation
– Informed Consent
– Confidentiality
– Vicarious Liablity
– Isolation
– Termination of Supervision
What are the four goals of supervision?
– to promote supervisee growth and development
– to protect the welfare of the client
– to monitor supervisee performance and to serve
as a gatekeeper for the profession
– to empower the supervisee to self-supervise and
carry out the goals as an independent
Competence of Supervisor
– signs of supervisor impairment:
– boundary violations
– misuse of power
– sexual contact with supervisee
– substance abuse
– extreme burnout
– diminished clinical judgment
Legal aspects of supervision
– Direct liability
– Vicarious liability
Direct Liability includes:
– supervisor gives trainees appropriate advice about treatment
– require trainees to perform beyond their competence
– fail to train
Vicarious Liability Includes:
– holding responsibility for the actions of their supervisees
Value Conflicts among trainee and supervisor may include:
– having a contract
– share a bit about you and what is important for
– what is good for the organization may not be
good for trainee
– know the agency and it’s goals
– know your role
Multicultural Issues in supervision
– address the role of multiculturalism /diversity in
the supervisory relationship
– include race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, religion, gender, and age.
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