Law and Ethics ch 13

Who are baby boomers?
People born from the year 1946 until the year 1964.

What are 3 major healthcare issues ?
Cost, Access, & Quality

What is cost ?
The amount individuals, employers, state, and federal governments, HMOs, and insurers spend on health care in the United States.

What is access ?
The availability of health care and the means to purchase health care services.

What is quality ?
The degree of excellence of health care services offered.

What are stakeholders ?
Those who have a vested interest in the health care industry in the United States, and in any efforts to reform the industry.

What is Xenotransplantation ?
Transplantation of animal tissues and organs into humans. Growing human tissues/organs on animals for a transplant, Example using pig insulin.

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What is rational drug design ?
The use of super computers (powerful),To create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells/ pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy

What is Genometrics ?
The science of determining how genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals.

What is Epigenetics ?
The study of changes in gene activity that do not involve alterations to the genetic code, but are still passed down to at least one successive generation.

What is the impact of rising healthcare cost ?
It costs everyone more. Employer’s, employee’s, and states and the federal government all will have to pay more for health care services.

How do the uninsured raise healthcare costs?
No preventative healthcare, by using emergency rooms which are the most expensive, not seeing a Dr. until they really need help usually for a serious illness.

What is the GDP ?
The gross domestic product is the total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year.

What is AHRQ ?
The lead federal agency responsible for tracking and improving the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for Americans.

What does life expectancy mean ?
The number of years an Individual can expect to live, calculated from his/her birth.

What is life span?
the number of years an individual actually lives.

What is medical management ?
The management of patient care and populations.

What are pharmacogenomics ?
The science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs.

What is proteomics ?
The study of the proteins that genes create or “express.”

What is personalized medicine ?
The products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care.

What is SCHIP ?
the State Children’s Health Initiative Program is a program enacted by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 to help low-income children under 18 who are not covered by Medicaid.

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