Language of Composition Chapter 2 Vocabulary

alliteration
repetition of the same sound beginning several words or syllables in sequence

Allusion
brief reference to a person, event, or place (real or fictitious) or to a work of art

Anaphora
Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines

Antimetabole
Repetition of words in reverse order

Antithesis
Opposition or contrast of ideas or words in a parallel construction

Archaic Diction
Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words

Asyndeton
Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words

Cumulative Sentence
Sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence and then builds and adds on

Hortative Sentence
Sentence that exhorts, urges, entreats, implores, or calls to action

Imperative Sentence
Sentence used to command or enjoin

Inversion
Inverted order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order)

Juxtaposition
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize similarities or differences

Metaphor
Figure of speech that compares two things without like or as

Oxymoron
Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another

Parallelism
Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses

Periodic Sentence
Sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end

Personification
Attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or an idea

Rhetorical Question
Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for rhetorical effect rather than for the purpose of getting an answer

Synedoche
Figure of speech that uses a part to represent the whole

Zeugma
Use of two different words in a grammatically similar way that produces different, often incongruous, meanings