Knowledge Acquisition and Criminal Justice Essay

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Knowledge Acquisition


My field of survey is Public service, and for treatment I will analyze the Criminal Justice field on how we can obtain cognition, personal experiences, intuition, authorization, and tradition in this field.


Knowledge is defined as “an apprehension and one that additions knowledge through experience, logical thinking, intuition and learning” ( Cong, & A ; Pandya, 2003, p. 2 ) . Persons can blow up their cognition when they portion their cognition with others, and when cognition is combined with other people’s knowledge they will get down to construct new cognition. It is besides considered as a mixture of values, experience, background information, grounded intuition and authorization penetration that offers a model and environment for incorporating and estimating new information and experiences. It “is applied in the heads of apprehenders and in organisations, where it is frequently embedded non merely in paperss or depositories but besides in organisational modus operandis, procedures, patterns and norms” ( Cong, & A ; Pandya, 2003, p. 2 ) .

Personal Experiences

To obtain personal experience in respects to procurement of cognition, we must be able to grok, develop grasp and have consciousness within our peculiar field of subject. Berragan ( 1998, p. 210 ) , states that there are four forms of knowing: empirical, ethical, aesthetic and personal cognition which is conditioned and sometimes is put together based upon the degree of experiential proficiency from legion beginnings of Hagiographas that we are able to familiarise ourselves within our peculiar subject.

Berragan ( 1998, p. 211 ) , notes that the construct of personal cognition identifies three constituents and they are: interpersonal knowing, experiential knowing, and intuitive knowing. Therefore, our personal cognition in our field of subject that embroils our engagement that will assist with deriving experience, and that experience may so be examined in order to assist us place our predating cognition, possibly through contemplation. Last, we “incorporated into this scrutiny Interpersonal knowing, which suggests that our interpersonal experiences comes from our experiences with others and this is another manner we can derive our cognition through those relationships” ( Berragan, 1998, p. 211 ) .


How can Intuition be used in the Criminal Justice? Well, Intuition can be used in this field every twenty-four hours without them holding to believing consciously. Because, intuition is generated by a witting consciousness that occurs outside, and because of this persons within the academic sphere have traditionally dismissed it, because they consider it to be an unlogical technique that can non be affiliatedinto a scientific theoretical account for how we attain our cognition ( as cited by Eisengart & A ; Faiver, 1996, parity. 2 ) .

In a sense, intuition can put weak restrictions due to what we may see is right or incorrect, because it is foresees it as an sentiment and non as a fact. So, because we are everlastingly altering and turning and our experiences vary, we can develop our cognition by using critical thought in the Criminal Justice during a crisis or catastrophe. We besides can derive cognition by custodies on preparation from bookmans, reading, colleagues, from stakeholders, etc. Therefore, by researching these experiences it will help Criminal Justice field to “contribute to their cognition, because it will enable them to see in a different or from another angle by understanding how it may be perceived by others” ( Hartman, 1990, p. 1 ) .


As we know, cognition can be reaped from our personal experience ; however, our cognition. Furthermore, it can besides be reaped from leaders or others in an important place for diverseness of grounds. And it is merely natural for us to believe that the leaders in their important place have the required cognition and experience to truly merit that place, or they would non hold that important place in the first topographic point. For illustration, we might deduce that the caput Sheriff of The Augusta Richmond County Sheriff Office, was cross trained in every facet conceivable, that would allow him/her the chance to the usage their expertness, practical advice and cognition for any type of crisis or state of affairs that may get.

We can besides reason that if The Augusta Richmond County Sheriff Department process failed during a crisis or departmental wise, that the Sheriff in charge will be held accountable for their failure, because they are supposed to develop, and have a degree of cognition to do certain their mission would be successful. This is where the caput Sheriffs experience would be able to supply them with a certain sum of influence that would command and gain them esteem within the Sheriff section which would warrants their authorization based upon their the cognition they have reaped.


What is traditional cognition and how does this cognition differs from rom non-indigenous cognition is an of import footing for finding how to utilize it. Well, cognizing what tradition is and how it is obtained “and held is cardinal to being able to do good usage of the cognition and to promote all parties to be cognizant of the added value its usage will bring” ( “What is Traditional” , n.d. , parity. 3 ) .

As we consider how tradition, can play a portion in condemnable justness, good, when we use it in the cognition signifier we can state that this is how we pass from one coevals to another coevals manner of our spiritual instruction, household, our ethic instruction or even by mass media. These are all ways that we can derive information about our traditions, merely like other types of information beginnings, the more we tell it and go through it on, it can go inaccurate. Example of traditions that some of us past on are: Rituals for new members of the constabulary academy or fraternity ; taking off our places before we enter a place ; ne’er wear white to a brides marrying etc.

Thereby, acknowledging how traditions are allied with how we will obtain this cognition and so associating the procedures of larning this subject, “when we depend on the traditions forming system that is linked, with cognition, one may of course presume that the methods that have been antecedently established and turn out to be functional, are non worthy of modification” ( Neuman, 2006 ) .

Strengths and Weakness

Personal Experiences

Personal Experiences cognition at times can be considered either a strengths or failing is interrelatednesss. In the condemnable justness field how they might hold the makings to make a specialised occupation like finger printing or they could besides be missing this type of specialised custodies on accomplishment. Therefore, personal experiences could be interpreted as of import in respects to their personal degree of cognition as opposed to that of some other signifier of spirited ideals.

Peoples that are able to offer a small more of their relational cognition could be seen as an person that has an beforehand degree of 6th sense and would be of a benefit to the constabulary section. But, they must be careful, because what might be considered an plus could be besides seen as a signifier of prejudice that could be seen as unappealing under this signifier of cognition and can be misrepresented.


In the condemnable justness field intuition can be considered either a strength, or can besides considered as a failing that can either be positive or carry serious effects. Institution can be really slippery particularly when there organisation repute is on the line or if there intuition puts them in harm’s manner for illustration, an offers see a offense occurrence and he decides before he measure his environing pull his arm and hit an inexperienced person by stander. I would see this a failing, because their intuition do them to utilize bad judgement, put their section in the topographic point visible radiation and convey unneeded attending that can destroy their repeat.

Now in the same state of affairs but different result because this officer saw the suspect, assessed his milieus and decides that he should name for back up and rede despatch that they will prosecute in a pes chase and give their location. This to me represents strengths because it saves lives, the departments’ repute and removes them from unneeded injury.


Neuman ( 2006 ) , states that authorization cognition has some failings and they tend to fall under believing and swearing which can be based on our degree of proficiency and the authorization we might hold in a peculiar country, even if we lack a specific cognition in that peculiar country. Neuman ( 2006 ) besides states that the other failing is that it subsume it selves to topics that they may non truly have the right accomplishments as they thought they had for their section.


The strengths or failings of tradition can be hard with the younger coevals because they do non ever honour the older coevalss traditions, and if the younger coevals refused to honour their tradition, there tradition been will merely decease, particularly as we move more and more towards new engineering that helps us every bit good as the condemnable justness field. Can you conceive of if officers could non conceal behind the blue wall? A tradition that allows offers a safe oasis where officers have a protection and can seek support when they are traveling through any signifier of section enquiry.

Therefore, within the condemnable justness system tradition may lodge to more of methodical processs that might be interpreted in the incorrect manner. For illustration, something like racial profiling, this might be considered of import within the traditional knowledge.Akers & A ; Sellers ( 2009 ) , notes that as a consequence, criminological theories are systematically evaluated and modified as they are compared to traditional criterions and the theoretical deductions that support condemnable justness process In decision, these five knowledge’s are really of import to the condemnable justness field, because it helps us to research our ain person knowledge’s which can assist us daily within our subject. And every bit long as we understand how cognition, traditional, personal experience, authorization, intuition can impact us, and so we will be able to acknowledge the strength or failing in order to work efficaciously within the condemnable justness field. This research has besides shown me the importance of geting these signifier of knowledge’s could be subjective because we all learn at different rate of velocity, so the procedure can be either slow or fast based on the persons. This could mount up to more of a construct in respects to any past cognition that we have learned in the yesteryear every bit good as whatever new cognition that will be presented within a new subject.


Akers, R.L. , & A ; Sellers, C.S. ( 2009 ) . Criminological theories: Introduction, rating, and application. ( 5th ed. ) . New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc

Berragan, L. ( 1998 ) . Nursing pattern draws upon several different ways of knowing.Journal Of Clinical Nursing,7( 3 ) , 209-217. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2702.1998.00146.x

Cong, X & A ; Pandya, K. V ( 2003 ) p. 2. Issues of Knowledge Management in the Public Sector. Retrieved from file: ///C: /Users/Owner/Downloads/ejkm-volume1-issue2-article17 % 20 ( 1 ) .pdf

Eisengart S, Faiver C. Intuition in mental wellness guidance.Journal Of Mental Health Counseling[ consecutive online ] . January 1996 ; 18 ( 1 ) :41. Available from: Education Research Complete, Ipswich, MA.

Hartman A. Many Ways of Knowing.Social Work[ consecutive online ] . January 1990:3. Available from: Academic Search Premier, Ipswich, MA.

Neuman, W. L. ( 2006 ) . Science and research. In N. L. Neuman, Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative attacks. Boston: Allyn & A ; Bacon.

What is Traditional Knowledge? ( n.d. ) . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //

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