Jealous vs Envy Essay
At first glimpse the mean individual might believe that the words covetous and covetous can be used interchangeably. because they are synonyms. but if you stop and analyze these two words you will happen that they are non all that interchangeable. When it comes to make up one’s minding what words are kept in a linguistic communication and what words are finally replaced by more efficient words. a linguist knows that a linguistic communication can merely stand to maintain words that communicate something and that are efficient in that communicating procedure.
Due to the fact that a linguistic communication merely keeps words that are need to pass on something that is alone to that word I believe that the English linguistic communication would non maintain covetous and covetous if the two words communicated the same exact message. In the first half of this paper I will analize the word covetous and how it is used in literary illustrations.
Then in the 2nd half of this paper I will look at the word covetous and how it is used in literary texts. Once I have examined both of words I will so compare how the two words differ in their uses. The definition of the word covetous is. “Feeling. showing. or characterized by enviousness. ” ( American Heritage® Dictionary ) I don’t think that you can truly specify a word by utilizing the word in the definition so I would wish to include the definition of enviousness because I feel like it accurately defines covetous. the adjective signifier of enviousness. every bit good. The dictionary defines enviousness as. “A feeling of discontent and bitterness aroused by and in concurrence with desire for the ownerships or qualities of another. ”
( American Heritage® Dictionary ) The etymology of the word enviousness is that it comes from “Middle English envie. from Old French. from Latin envy. from invidus. covetous. from invid [ movie ] rhenium. to look at with enviousness. ” ( American Heritage® Dictionary ) I think that the invariant significance of the word covetous is to want something. whether it is touchable or intangible. that person else has. In the undermentioned illustrations I analyze whether the object of enviousness is a touchable point. and I besides look at the possibility of whether the enviousness is in a resentful mode. I look at those two specific things because at first glimpse I thought that covetous might be marked for one of these things.
Example one: “At times he regarded the hurt solders in an covetous manner. He conceived individuals with lacerate organic structures to be partly happy. He wished he. excessively. had a lesion. a [ small ] red badge of bravery. ” ( Crane 51 ) In this first illustration the talkers is covetous of how happy the soldiers are. He is covetous of something that is intangible and it is of something that he wants to hold. I don’t think that the talker is resentful of the soldiers. but I would state that felicity is something that he desires.
Example two: “She went up to London last winter with her mama. and there everybody admired her. and a immature Godhead fell in love with her: but his dealingss were against the lucifer ; and- what do you believe? —he and Miss Georgiana made it up to run off: but they were found our and stopped. It was Miss Reed that found them out ; I believe she was covetous ; and now she and her sister lead a cat-and-dog life together ; they are ever disputing. ” ( Bronte 92 ) In this illustration Miss Reed is covetous of the relationship or love that Miss Georgiana has with some cat. I think that Miss Reed is slightly resentful in this illustration and that she desires to hold a relationship. which is something intangible. with a adult male excessively. Example three: “Margaret found a topographic point as baby’s room governess. and felt rich with her little wage.
As she said. she was ‘fond of luxury. ’ and her head problem was poorness. She found it harder to bear than the others. because she could retrieve a clip when place was beautiful. life full of easiness and pleasance. and want of any sort unknown. She tried non to be covetous or discontented. But it was really natural that the immature miss should hanker for pretty things. cheery friends. achievements. and a happy life. ” ( Alcott 34 ) In this illustration Margaret has a desire for the nice things and she is evocative of a clip when she had these things. Margaret wants something touchable in this illustration and I think there is kind of a felling of bitterness at the fact that she doesn’t have these “things. ”
Example four: “Noirtier indicated by a expression a tray on which were standing a carafe of lemonade and a tumbler. Noirtier himself had drunk some of the lemonade half an hr before. ‘Have some of the lemonade. Borrois. ’ the miss said. ‘I can see you are looking at it with covetous eyes. ’ ‘The fact is. silver perch. I am deceasing of thirst. and I shall be merely excessively glad to imbibe your wellness in a glass of lemonade. ” ( Dumas 454 ) In this illustration Borrois desirers to hold some of the lemonade which is something touchable. I don’t think that there is any type of bitterness but merely a strong desire to hold something that is non his or her’s. The definition of the covetous is. “Resentful or acrimonious in competition ; covetous: jealous of the success of others. ” ( American Heritage® Dictionary ) The word jealous is the adjective signifier of green-eyed monster.
The etymology for the word is that it comes from. “Middle English jelous. from Old French gelos. covetous. avid. from Vulgar Latin *zlsus. from Late Latin zlus. ardor. ” ( American Heritage® Dictionary ) I think that the invariant significance of the word jealous is to want or desire something that a challenger has. For the word covetous I will analyse whether the word is used to depict a rival and I will look at if it is used with bitterness. I believe that the word jealous could be marked for one of these things that is why I chose these things to analyse. Example five: “All Dantes’s success has earned him some covetous enemies.
The purser of his ship. Danglars. eants to go the captain of the Pharaon ; Fernand Mondego is in love with Dantes’s fiancee ; his neighbour Caderousse is merely covetous that Dantes is so much luckier in life than he has been. ” ( Dumas 637 ) In this illustration both covetous and covetous are used. I will analyse covetous first and so I will analyze covetous. In this illustration when the writer uses the word envious they are depicting Caderousse desire to hold the fortune that Dantes has. Luck is an intangible thing and I don’t think that there is any resement at the fact that Dantes has so much fortune. With the illustration of covetous Dantes’s enemies. which are a rival. are resentful of the success that Dantes has had. Example six: “Miss Bingley proverb. or suspected. adequate to be covetous ; and her great anxiousness for the recovery of her beloved friend Jane received some aid from her desire of acquiring rid of Elizabeth. ” ( Austen 52 )
In this illustration you can see that Miss Bingley is covetous of person else who is a rival. I think that there is besides bitterness in this illustration because when the writer uses the word “suspected” it makes it look as if Miss Bingley might be acrimonious about the thing she is covetous of. I think that the green-eyed monster is directed towards another adult female that Miss Bingley feel is a rival of her’s. Example seven: “He patted me on the caput ; but somehow. I didn’t like him or his deep voice. and I was covetous that his manus should touch my mother’s in touching me- which it did. I put it away every bit good as I could. ” ( Dickens 21 ) In this illustration the male child is covetous of this adult male that is occupying his mother’s and his personal clip.
I think that the adult male would be considered a rival because the male child and the adult male seem to be viing for the mother’s attending. I would besides state that the male child has a resentful tone towards the adult male and the green-eyed monster is directed towards individual. Example eight: “There was nil excessively cool or banish
love in these fortunes. though much to make desperation. Much excessively. you will believe reader. to breed green-eyed monster: if a adult female in my place could assume to be covetous of a adult female in Miss Ingram’s.
But I was non covetous. or really seldom ; the nature of the hurting I suffered could non be explained by the word. ” ( Bronte 194 ) In this illustration the talker is covetous of Miss Ingram and the place that she holds. Miss Ingram is person who is a challenger of the speaker’s and I think that there is resentment towards Miss Ingram because the talker desires that person’s place. Example nine: In one of the Windowss over the garage the drapes had been moved aside a small. and Myrtle Wilson was peering down at the auto.
So engrossed was she that she had no consciousness of being observed. and one emotion after another crept into her face like objects into a easy underdeveloped image. Her look was oddly familiar- it was an look I had frequently seen on women’s face’s. but on Myrtle Wilson’s face it seemed purposeless and incomprehensible until I realized that her eyes. broad with covetous panics were non fixed on Tom. but on Jordan Baker. whom she took to be his married woman. ” ( Fitzgerald 99 ) In this illustration Myrtle is covetous of Jordan Baker who she believes is Tom’s married woman. Myrtle was holding an matter with Tom so this is why she is covetous of Jordan who she believes is his married woman.
Tom’s married woman would be a rival to Myrtle and I besides think that Myrtle is resentful in this illustration. Example 10: Everything went on smoothly till the twenty-four hours before the carnival opened ; so there occurred one of the small skirmished which it is about impossible to avoid. when some five-and-twenty adult females. old and immature. with all their private piques and biass. seek to work together.
May Chester was instead covetous of Amy because the latter was a greater front-runner than herself ; and. merely at this clip. several piddling fortunes occurred to increase the feeling. ” ( Alcott 283 ) In this illustration May wants to be liked every bit good as Amy is. and Amy is a rival to May in this transition. I think that May is resentful of Amy and she desires to hold the popularity that Amy has.
After analysing both words and looking at several illustrations of their utilizations in literary texts I would state that covetous is marked for ( + ) challenger and that covetous is unmarked ( +/- ) challenger. Whenever the word covetous is used it refers to the individual desiring something that is sometimes touchable and
sometimes intangible. but it isn’t normally used to mention to another individual. Envious is sometimes used to mention to an object or an emotion that the other individual wants. With the word covetous it is ever used with mention to another individual and it is ever about desiring something that the other individual has. and the individual that it is mentioning to is ever a challenger of that individual.
“envious” and “jealous. ” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language. 4th erectile dysfunction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 2000. World Wide Web. bartleby. com/61/ . April 27. 2008. Alcott. Louis May. Small Women. London: Crown. 1954.
Austen. Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Random House. 1967. Bronte. Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Toronto: Bantan Books. 1995. Crane. Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage and Four Stories. New York: Penguin Books. 1977.
Dickens. Charles. David Copperfield. New York: Random House. 1945. Dumas. Alexandre. The Count of Monte Cristo. London: Bantan Books. 1963. Fitzgerald. F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Penguin. 1994.