Ionic Bonding Polar covalent and nonpolar covalent bonding

Question Answer
Ionic bonding when atom become stable through the transfer of electrons and form when electrons are completely transferred from one atom to another
Ionic bonding example sodium chloride: Sodium(Na;atomic #11) transfers the one electron from its outermost orbital to chlorines(Cl; atomic #17) outermost shell
Covalent bonds atoms become stable through shared electrons; electrons shared in pairs; single covalent bonds share one pair electrons; double covalent bonds share two pairs of electrons
Non polar covalent bonds electrons are shared equally between the atoms of the molecule; electrically neutral as a molecule(ex:Carbon dioxide;CO2)
Polar covalent bonds electrons are NOT shared equally between the atoms of the molecule; have a positive or negative side or pole(ex:Water;H2O)

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