Intro To Forensic Science Exam Study Guide
Arthur Conan Doyle
Created Sherlock Holmes
Locard Exchange Principle- When a criminal comes in contact with an object or another person a cross-transfer of evidence occurs.
Conducted the first definitive study of fingerprints and proposed them as a way of identification.
Developed the first scientific system of personal identification based on measurements.
Wrote the first book on forensic science.
Examines evidence for fingerprints.
Discharged bullets, cartridge cases, shotgun shells and ammo of all type. Tool marks.
Examines body fluids and organs for the presence of toxins and poisons.
Go to crime scenes and collect and preserve physical evidence.
Hairs, fibers, glass, paint, GSR, and soil. “Anything that doesn’t bleed or shoot.”
Blood, fluids and tissue.
Analyze inks and papers.
CSI vs Real Criminalist
No contact with suspect or witnesses, limited access to high tech equipment depending on lab location, are not in charge of investigations, etc.
Study in Scarlet
Novel written by Arthur Conan Doyle which introduced Sherlock Holmes.
10/11/1923, three young brothers attempt to rob a train carrying mail across the country. A receipt along with chemical testing of a garment, and wearing of the left side of the overalls led to the arrests of the brothers.
The infant of Lindbergh was kidnapped. Crude homemade ladder, muddy footprints, a chisel and a randsom note was evidence found. Randsom note found in connection to a German-born carpenter Bruno Richard Hauptmann in the Bronx. Pane in garage used to smooth wood and floorboards in attic were used for the ladder.
Prohibits unreasonable searches and requires any warrant to be judicially sanctioned.
Cannot be forced to testify against oneself. No double jeopardy.
Guarantees a cluster of rights designed to make criminal prosecution more accurate, fair and legitimate.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
A court officer or attendant who has charge of a court session to keep order, custody of prisoners and the jury.
To provide the honest truth.
Keeps the official court record including documents and physical evidence. Like a secretary.
Attorney representing the plaintiff.
The lawgiver. He/she makes sure the law is followed.
Decides if the defendant is guilty or not.
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