Intro to Engineering & Design EOC Study Guide

How might we create the best possible solution to a problem?
Engineers try to think “outside the box” in order to solve new problems or find ways to improve current solutions

What is the most effective way to generate potential solutions to a problem? How many alternate solutions should you generate?
Brainstorming with a group, research and testing possible solutions

What is an engineer? What types of work do engineers do?
Engineering is the application of mathematics and scientific principles to better or improve life. An engineer is a person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. Research, Develop, Design, Supervise, Manage, Production and Construction, Operations, Plant management and Sales

Why keep an Engineering Notebook?
An engineering notebook is recognized as a legal document that is used in patent activities to…
a. Prove the origin of an idea that led to a solution
b. Prove when events or ideas occurred
c. Prove diligence in turning the idea into a solution
d. Prove when an idea became a working solution (“reduced to practice”)

What are the 4 best practices for the Engineering Notebook?
a. Be neat
b. Be accurate
c. Be legible
d. Be thorough

Explain the concept of proportion.
Paying close attention to the underlying basic shapes and the relative proportions of various features of the object will allow you to more accurately reflect the true shapes and proportions of the object in your sketch.

Why would the ability to create sketches make a person a more competent designer?
Representing existing objects and new ideas with sketches can make the design process more effective and efficient and greatly enhance the ability of others to understand your ideas. Allows them to communicate their ideas more clearly.

What is the purpose of sketching your ideas?
Sketches provide a means through which one can quickly and clearly communicate ideas

Define and differentiate invention and innovation.
Invention: A new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study and experimentation.
Innovation: An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something

Define the following words:
questions 11-18. If there are multiple answers than one will suffice.

a) Brainstorm
A group technique for solving problems, generating ideas, simulating creative thinking, etc. by unrestrained spontaneous participation in discussion

b) Constraint
1. A limit to a design process. Constraints may be such things as appearance, funding, space, materials, and human capabilities. 2. A limitation or restriction.

c) Design
1. An iterative decision-making process that produces plans by which resources are converted into products or systems that meet human needs and wants or solve problems. 2. A plan or drawing produced to show the look and function or workings of something before it is built or made. 3. A decorative pattern

d) Design Brief
A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution.

e) Design Statement
A part of a design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed.

f) Engineering Notebook
An engineering notebook is a boo in which an engineer will formally document, in chronological order, all of his/her work that is associated with a specific design project.

g) Prototype
A full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments.

h) Research
The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.

Put into order the Design Process steps and Define each step.
a) Define Problem
b) Construct and test Prototype
c) Present Solution
d) Evaluate Solution
e) Generate Concepts
f) Develop a Solution
1) Define Problem
2) Generate Concepts
3) Develop a Solution
4) Construct and test Prototype
5) Evaluate Solution
6) Present Solution

Read through the Engineering Disciplines Power Point and write each engineering field mentioned and one sentence describing what that engineering field does.
Chemical Engineering, Civil and Construction Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Architectural Engineering, Automotive Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering

Match the words to the proper definition:
a. Line lightly drawn lines to guide drawing other lines and shapes
b. Line which represents where a dimension starts and stops
c. A line which defines the center of arcs, circles, or symmetrical parts
d. A line type that represents an edge that is not directly visible
e. A heavy solid line used on a drawing to represent the outline of an object
f. A line which represents distance

Center Line, Extension Line, Dimension Line, Object Line, Construction Line, Hidden Line

Center Line-c.
Extension Line-b.
Dimension Line-f.
Object Line-e.
Construction Line-a.
Hidden Line-d.