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Internet Access In The World
Internet Access In The World

Internet Access In The World

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  • Pages: 18 (9284 words)
  • Published: October 8, 2018
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When we look at the development of the Internet all around the world, we see that it is like a horse carriage. The single horse of this carriage is running at an incredible speed and is constantly pulling the carriage. Wherever the horse turns the carriage is following it because it has no other chance. In the case of the Internet, the horse is the United States. The US is constantly advancing by developing new software, creating the best infrastructure for computer mediated communications and giving opportunities that do not end for the users. The government is trying to do everything to make it easy for the citizens to use the net.

And as a result of the opportunities created in this country, the net has become really global only within the US. The rest of the world ambitiously is trying to follow the path so that they can keep up with the competition and the development- as the carriage following the horse - that the US is taking. According to Mr. Vietsch of the Trans-European association, institutions in Europe are generally two years behind those in the US in the development of their Internet connections (Bollag, p.2). The United States is wired by high-speed electronic communications networks and telecommunications is liberalized so the telecommunications companies are willing to devote more in the development of the electronic communication infrastructure.

The competition created in this sense, allows the computer mediated communications in the US to advance at its incredible pace at a low cost. And since using the net does not create a financial burden for people in the US, worldwide, about half

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of all internet users in the world are in the United States, 25 percent are in Europe and the rest are scattered throughout different countries (Noble, p.1). Everyday we hear that the ultimate goal of the Internet is the globalization of the world. Unfortunately, this goal has not been achieved yet, in fact there's much work to be done before all people have access to the net. In the course of this paper we will be looking at the three areas which have contributed to either the rise or stagnation of networking plans. The three areas are: telecommunications infrastructure, political barriers, and cultural acceptance. In closer examination of specific geographic regions' situations regarding Internet program implementation, one will see that it is the government's unwillingness to allow the privatization and liberalization of telephone services which inhibits applied technological growth.

Additionally, some cultures maintain their traditional ways which do not allow for support of technology. Five specific regions have been analyzed in this project and will be presented in the following order: the Middle East (Israel and the Arab World), Asia, Europe, and Australia. Each of these regions possess some aspect of on-line community. On-line communities for which we have found evidence are news groups, on-line bulletin boards, interactive web pages, chat rooms, Cyber Cafes and free-nets. Also, we have found the evidence that the governments in these regions use web pages, e-mail and conference systems as a tool to their own political technologies and affiliations.

Internet in the Middle East

It is for

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sure that political affiliations affect the netizens - as cyberspace citizens are known. When looked at it from this aspect, the Middle-East and especially the Arab World is really interesting. In the whole region Israel is accounting sixty percent of all of the internet traffic, and Iran is the second largest web user. The reason for Israel being more dominant in the region is mainly because of its political, economical and infrastructural advantages when compared to the other Middle Eastern countries. The main advantage is Israel's democratic status which allows the Israeli netizens to get hold of any information that they want to.

Also, Israel is really advanced in producing its own technology thus it has a very well working telecommunications infrastructure that increases its connection speed to the rest of the world. As a result of these positive consequences, Israel is really advanced in forming its own virtual communities. It is one of the few countries that has formed freenets. The main goal of the Israeli freenet,the Ramat-Negev Freenet, is global outreach and education. According to this freenet, the aims are : to allow each resident to connect to the Internet at a minimal cost, to provide information regarding all of the activities of the Ramat Negev Regional Council (which now administers the Freenet), to provide regional information to offer interactive services, to foster interaction with students and teachers from around the world, to set up contact among Jewish communities from around the world via the Internet and to serve as a model for other potential freenets in other communities in Israel.

This freenet is sponsored by the National Committee for Information Technologies, a branch of the Israeli Ministry of Science and the Arts. Initial planning and set-up of the freenet was coordinated by the SPL World Group of Israel which has branches in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. SPL, one of Israel's leading software houses, was formed in 1977. The Ramat Negev Regional Council is in the process of setting up a Wide Area Network which will connect all of the residents, institutions, and regional council offices in the area and allow direct access to the Internet at a minimal cost. In time the Council would like to see the factories connected to the Internet.

The Internet server has been set up in the Council building. Also, a modem network which allows residents of the area to access their Internet account for the mere cost of a local telephone call, has been set up. Schools and other institutions will connect to the Internet through what is called a "frame relay connection". This will enable all users of this internal network to communicate with the Internet at the same time. In addition to setting up the Networks, the Council is undertaking the ambitious feat of setting up WEB pages for each of the institutions and settlements. The Ramat-Negev Freenet emphasizes globality by providing information in both Hebrew and English (the language of most Internet users).

Additionally, Israeli stories do not the focus on just local news, but on happenings from around the world. Among services provided, the Ramat-Negev Freenet holds a cultural program that

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