International organizations 2
Effective institutional framework for conservation must be established if the biodiversity of CFR is to be protected. Limited access to biological knowledge, fragmented laws, policies and institutions and insufficient human resources hinder effective environmental conservation. Conservation procedures that are not based on a clear understanding of the ecological patterns and processes and the conditions that threaten the environment cause detrimental effects. Sound biological information ought to be incorporated right at the plan formulation.
Reviewing and updating legislation will make it more supportive on conservation and sustainable use of natural resources and will work to maintain conservation at its peak. Educational facilities ought to be improved such that there are links between the academic institutions and the conservation agencies. To attain sustainable development people from the disadvantaged communities in society ought to be considered first so that the aim of the program of alleviating poverty is attained.
The establishment of the program should have involved the training resource by nourishing it with trainings through exchange and scholarships programs. This will work to improve on the conservation measures. The objective of the project was to support conservation of the Cape Florist Region and adjacent marine environment. Cape Town fails in adapting to the set philosophies which are also known as comprehensive development framework.
Although the strategy is shaped by a long term vision and is projected into 20 years, the country receiving the assistance has failed to establish effective coordination or management of aid programs to ensure easy implementation. This can be seen in the reduced number of human resources with the skills and hence competent for the task. The local stakeholders do not own the development strategies and goals and hence the effectiveness of the conservation project is jeopardized. Cape florist region (CFR) is the smallest and most threatened floral region in the world.
The project aims at laying a strong foundation for improving and replicating successful project outcomes. The project aims at strengthening institutions to conserve CFR by enhancing cooperation and strategic planning for conservation management. It will build capacity for effective conservation management, develop financial sustainabilities and establish an information management system to disseminate important information. It would support educational and awareness programs to conserve CFR by facilitating well coordinated and updated environmental information.
Developing and disseminating materials for biodiversity as well as supporting informal and formal education will be ensured. Strengthening the coordination programs through proper management and proper program coordination, financial management, program portfolio management and an effective communication system will be important. Expansion of the protected areas through planning and consolidation processes, establishment of freshwater, estuarn and clusters of marine protected areas.
It would also mainstream biodiversity considerations into economic growth and development by integrating the conservation plans in 5 priority target, it would also increase the services while developing and piloting financial incentives to conserve biodiversity in threatened lowland habitats. It would also increase the effectiveness of the ecological reserve measure in water resource management by creating invasive species management strategies. Despite the World Bank aiming to improve the living standards of the developed countries, it is accused of working completely the reverse of this.
It is blamed of worsening the living standards of some by threatening their economic well being as well as their health. It at times fails in proper reallocation of the people it displaces thus violating its own policies. It is not clear on the range of issues that are under consideration. There is little public input or limited civil society participation in designing the reviews and public consultations are not done in a professional manner. This translates to inappropriate representation of the locals in implementation of plans or projects.
The World Bank should honor its commitments to the people so that it retains its credibility and its projects are effectively implemented. During monitoring and evaluation should be participatory. World Bank ought to increase participation in decision making at each stage of the project. It should establish mandatory minimum standards and it should improve the staff incentives. (Robb, 3) The World Bank is also accused of supporting environmental hazardous projects. The pesticides used could have a negative impact on the environment.
Again air pollution could occur as the flowers are transported from one place to another. Such emissions contribute to global warming. Global warming will work to threatening the extinction of the species the World Bank is working to protect and this will be conflicting with its aims. It ought to be accountable to the locals. (Woods, 3) Local groups and environmentalists try to guide global trade by pressuring governments to attach environmental provisions to trade agreements and pressure international financial institutions like the World Bank, to adopt minimal environmental and social standards for funding projects.
This way trade practices will not affect the climate or the environment negatively. Genetic modified flowers may lead to complex problems that will be uncontrollable in later years for instance ‘super weeds’ may arise. Environmentalists are therefore concerned that the World Bank portrays double standards in achieving its goals.
Works cited: Robb C. Can the poor influence policy?Participatory poverty Assessment in the developing world. Washington DC. The World Bank and International Monetary Fund.2002. p 2-4 Woods N. Unelected government making the IMF and World Bank more accountable.
Brooking Review. 2003. p 3 Jane Covey. Critical cooperation? Influencing World Bank. 1998. p87 World Bank World Development Report 2004. Making services work for the poor people Washington DC. p 79 McGee R and Noton A. Participating in poverty Reduction strategies: Synthesis of experience with participatory approaches to policy design Implementation and monitoring. 2000. IDS working paper No 109.
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