Industrialization; Case Study: Manchester

factory system
manufacturing goods in a central location. brought in job seekers

urbanization
city building & the movement of people to cities built around water & mills

London
most important city in Britain, population exploded because of people looking for work

living conditions
lacked adequate housing, education and police.

time spent working
14 hours a day, 6 days a week

dangers of working
boiler exploding, drive belt catching arm, unsanitary, no government aid for injury, tuberculosis, lung cancer, children growing up deformed, scoliosis

middle class
new social class of skilled workers, professionals, business people & wealthy farmers

upper middle class
made up of government employees, doctors, lawyers, etc.

middle middle class
neither rich nor poor, well off

lower middle class
factory overseers, skilled workers, comfortable living

workers
poor conditions, replaced by machines

Luddites
attacked factories in England, destroyed machines to protest

Factory Act
restricted working age to 12 years old & hours

pollution
caused by burning coal. blackened air, polluted rivers

consumer goods
created wealth on a grand scale