history types of government, age of imperialism, industrial revolution

Term Definition
imperialism one countries control of government and economy of another country or region
reasons for imperialism -countries became more industrialized-factories produced goods -increased demand for African and Asian crops such as sugar, bananas, rice and coffee
democracy "rule by the people" power is held by the people, using a free electoral system. the united states is this
monarchy system in which a nation is ruled by a king or queen. power is used through the royal family
totalitarian nation is ruled by one political country
aristocracy ruled by educated, wealthy people
theocracy controlled by people who base nations laws on religious ideas
dictatorship a single unelected leader uses force or coercion to keep control
industrial revolution -changed the way goods were made-goods were made by machines
textiles cloth
james watt invented the steam engine
steam engine -used coal for fuel-provided steady source of power
rocket steam engine that went 16 mph
robert fulton an american who built the first steamboat
cyrus mckormick an american who improved horse drawn reaper
john deere an american who developed a better plow
middle class -merchants, lawyers, factory owners, bankers
working class factory workers
unions group of workers who join together to demand improved work conditions
strike people left their jobs until their demands were satisfied
karl marx a german thinker who lived in england and worked against the existing system
socialism based on public ownership
nationalism national pride
sepoys group of indian soldiers who staged a rebellion against british rule of india
boxers tried to drive foreigners out of china by attacking the foreign section of the city of beijing

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