History test

How did Nationalism increase tensions in European nations
people were too willing to fight when people tried to take over their land
What is Nationalism
a deep devotion to one’s nation
How did imperialism increase tensions in European nations
countries all over the world did not trust each other because they were in competition for the same things
what is imperialism
The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating
How did militarism increase tensions in European nations
having a large army made citizens feel frightened
what is militarism
policy of enhancing military power& keeping an army prepared
who was the triple alliance (Central Powers)
Germany, Austria- Hungary, Italy
who was the triple alliance bitter towards
The balkans
who was the triple entente (The allies)
Great Britain, Russia, France
What was the assassination in Sarajevo
a royal couple, the archduke and his wife were assassinated by a member of The Black Hand

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How did the Assassination in Sarajevo lead to WW1
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia because not all the demands were met in the ultimatum
Who was the Black Hand
a secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule
Who was Kaiser Wilhelm and why was he important
The Sovereign who ruled the German people, and had no plan for how to govern his people. He lead Germany into a war because he was fascinated by war and the army. Wilhelm forced Austria- Hungary to not change their policies for Serbia after the archduke was shot there.
Who was Woodrow Wilson and why was he important
One of the members of the Big Four, the US president, created the 14 points,
Who created the Treaty of Versailles
Woodrow Wilson, and Georges Clemenceau
Who were the members and nations of the Big Four
Woodrow Wilson of the USA, David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy, and Georges Clemenceau of France.
who was Von Schlieffen
The creator of the Schlieffen Plan. A German Field Marshall, worked with Kaiser Wilhelm
What was the Schlieffen plan
The theory that Germany would be at war with France and Russia at the same time.
Who was Nicholas II
The czar of Russia, tried to strengthen Russian influence in Korea.
who was Lenin
Russian communist, politician, and and political theorist. Doesn’t like the war, wants to end it as soon as possible, the influence to secede from the war
Who was Lawrence
played a key role in the Great Arab Revolt, an advocate for Arab independence, He was renowned for his liaison role during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
who was Franz Ferdinand
The archduke of Austria, assassinated in Sarajevo by the Black Hand.
What is the significance of June 28, 1914
Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
June 28 1919
Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles
Nov. 11 1918
World War 1 ends
Sept 5- Sept 13 1914
The first Battle of Marne
What were the goals of Woodrow Wilson in the Peace conference
to establish the 14 points that all nations have to abide by in order to achieve peace, and a League of Nations so nations could talk out their problems with each other without violence
what were the goals of Georges Clemenceau of France in the Peace conference
He wanted revenge to punish the Germans, and wanted them to pay for the damage done, and wanted to weaken Germany so France won’t be invaded again
What were the goals of David Lloyd George of Great Britain in the Peace Conference
wanted justice but not revenge, peace must not be harsh, wanted a compromise between Wilson and Georges. He ALSO wanted to expand the British Empire, maintain British control of the seas, and increase Britain’s trade
What did the versailles Treaty require and who had to pay
Germany had to accept responsibility for the war, and it was to punish the Germans for creating the war
What military restrictions were made because of the Treaty of Versailles
Germany’s army was limited and was required to turn the fleet into the Allies
What were the guiding principles of Wilson’s 14 points
secret treaties must end , seas must be free for everyone, all countries must reduce their armies, all countries have the right to govern themselves, a league of nations should be formed to keep peace.
what was the goal of France
to get revenge on Germany, and to reduce Germany’s army so they won’t be invaded again
what was the goal of Britain
to expand the British Empire, maintain British control of the seas, and increase Britain’s trade
How did the treaty punish Germany
they had to pay all the costs, take the blame for the war, and had to give a portion of their military to the allies
How was wilson’s 14th point incorporated into the treaty
the idea of national self-determination, so several new nations were set up in Europe
Why did the U.S reject the Treaty& League of Nations
The United States practiced a policy of isolationism, the belief that they should stay out of foreign affairs.
How did the U.S rejecting the Treaty affect the League of Nations
the League of Nations failed without the U.S
what is the league of nations
a truce or something to keep the peace between nations, and to peacefully talk out problems
How did countries feel bitter and cheated because of the Treaty of Versailles
Many countries lost some land, and Germany had the burden of losing the most land, paying the reparations of the war, they felt that it wasn’t their fault
What is the powder keg of Europe
the balkans
what is rationing
people would only buy small amounts of the items they needed for the war
why was rationing used
goods were in short supply, being divided between the army’s needs and the people’s needs.
what is an armistice
an agreement between two opposing sides for a truce or to stop a war
what does total war mean
a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Why did Austria- Hngary enter WW1
They were on Germany’s side and they also declared war on Serbia who killed their archduke
How did Austria- H exit the war
the war ended
Why did Britain enter the war
Belgium was invaded by Germany, and Belgium is an ally of Britain, so they declared war on Germany
how did Britain exit the war
the war ended
Why did France enter the war
he Schlieffen Plan had a error. It planned for the German army, when it attacked France, to go through Belgium. The day after declaring war on Russia, therefore, the Germans asked permission for their army to pass through Belgium. … So the next day, Germany invaded Belgium.
how did France exit the war
the war ended
HOw did Germany enter the war
Germany started that shit trying to take land from France and invading Belgium
How did Mexico enter WW1
the Zimmerman note
Why did Russia enter WW1
they were an ally of Serbia when Austria declared war on Serbia, so Russia helped out
What is the war guilt clause
Germany having to take the full blame for the war and paying the cost
Who was the Black Hand and what were their goals
to rid serbia of austrian rule, and they were assassins
How was the Eastern Front used
It was on the German and Russian border, and was ended by the Treaty of Brest- Litovsk
How did Russia leave WW1
Lenin persuaded them to end the war, and then RUssia signed the Treaty of Brest- Litovsk to drop out of the war
How was the Western Front used
it on the border of germany and france, there were trenches there
What is the significance of the first battle of Marne
On September 9, the exhausted Germans began a fighting retreat to the Aisne River. The Battle of the Marne was the first significant Allied victory of World War I, saving Paris and thwarting Germany’s plan for a quick victory over France.
what is the significance of the second battle of MArne
The Second Battle of the Marne marked the turning of the tide in World War I. It began with the last German offensive of the conflict and was quickly followed by the first allied offensive victory of 1918.
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