History Study Sheet

who was considered the Father of Cuban Independence?
José Martí
T or F: Portugal was once a part of Spain
True
What does the red in the Spanish flag represent?
the bloodshed in the country’s wars
Who was the Mexican dictator during the Mexican-American War?
Santa Anna
What two animals appear on a Mexican Flag
Eagle and Serpent
What Spanish conquistador built a palace in Cuernavaca, México?
Hernán Cortés
Who is considered the national hero of Spain?
El Cid
How did Maximillian die?
Executed by a firing squad
What group of people were the first to use arches in architecture?
the Moors
What was the capital city of the Incas of Perú?
Cuzco
What are the dates of both Mexican
Independence Days?
September 15th and 16th
True or False:The Mexican government spends more money on education than on defense
True
What country destroyed the Spanish Armada?
England
Who was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella?
Juana la Loca
Who was the Mexican leader at the Alamo?
Santa Anna
What group of people built the mosques in Spain?
The Moors
What does “Pre-Columbian” mean?
before Columbus’ arrival in the New World
Of what country was Panama formerly a part?
Colombia
For which kind did Columbus claim the New World?
Ferdinand
Name Columbus’ three ships
Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria
When was the Golden Age of Spanish literature?
16th and 17th centuries
How many centuries did the Moors stay in Spain?
over 8 centuries
What was Juan Perón’s first wife’s name?
Evita
Who were Spain’s moriscos?
Moslem converts to Christianity
What is the name of the institution which persecutes Jews and Moors in Spain?
The Spanish Inquistion
How many trips did Columbus make to the New World?
4
Who was the general who became the dictator of Spain after the Spanish civil war
Francisco Franco
What animals did the spaniards introduce to the Americas?
horses
Who were the monarch who financed Columbus’ voyage?
Ferdinand and Isabella
What was the name of the white-skinned Aztec God?
Quetzalcoátl
Which Spanish explorer conquered the Inca Empire?
Francisco Pizarro
Who was the first communist leader of Cuba?
Fidel Castro
What is the oldest university in the New World?
The University of Mexico
What Mexican president was a Zapotec Indian?
Benito Juárez
On what was the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán built?
a lake
What indian tribe spoke Quechua?
the Incas
In what year did Panama assume control of the Canal Zone?
1979
True or False: The Greeks colonized Spain.
True
Who was the Spanish explorer who searched for the Fountain of Youth?
Juan Ponce de León
What sickly child grew up to be a conqueror of Mexico?
Hernán Cortés
Who were the Olmecs?
an Indian tribe in Mexico
What can you see in Teotihuacán?
the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon
Who led the northern revolutionary troops in the Mexican Civil War?
Pancho Villa
What event occurred in 1985 that changed the face of Mexico City?
the great earthquake
How long did the Seven Years War last?
7 years
Which Portuguese explorer left for a voyage around the world in name of Spain in 1519?
Ferdinand Magellan
Who discovered the Strait of Magellan?
Ferdinand Magellan
Tikal is the ancient city built by what group of people?
the Mayans
What system of government is used in Mexico?
Democracy
How did Moctezuma II die?
He was killed in an Aztec rebellion against the Spaniards