History of the Camera
The first camera was invented in 1000 AD by an optician using a pinhole device to record positive image. The Camera Obscura had its images upside down. During the 1727, Johann Heinrich invented the concept that silver nitrate was convenient for getting an impression of still life since the compound grew darker on being exposed to light. The first camera to create a permanent photograph was made by Jospeh Niepce in 1826 (Wikipedia 1).
Later in 1839 two different researcher a British William Talbot and a French scientist Louis Daguerre claimed to have invented photography (Wilkes Community College 2). Daguerre used polished metal plate to develop a positive photo impression that remained reversed from left to right. Talbot’s technique was called calotype; which is a positive still image made from a paper negative. Therefore, Talbot’s calotype was preferred since the still images would be reproduced. However, a long exposure time of the light-sensitive material was required before the photograph was eventually traced out and made into print (Wilkes Community College 3).
The first cameras captured light through the lens into a photographic plate or film. Lenses are distinct glass with an adjustable focal length. Fixed focus cameras capture all images about a radius of three meters wide to infinity. Therefore, the camera is comprised of a small aperture that is similar to the traditional pinhole idea to control the amount of light falling on the photographic film. Equally, the first shutter devices ever developed is the leaf shutter that contains in built lens pressed by a spring and enclosing metal leaves to open and close at intervals to allow exposure (Wikipedia 1). The first color film was produced in 1935by Kodak under the label Kodachrome.
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