History Chapter 26

What sources of information best help scholars learn about the cultures of the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan people?
Artifacts, accounts by the Spanish, traditions of modern people.

Describe the Mayan solar year?
The amount of time it takes for the Earth to travel around the sun.

Describe and compare the Mayan number system to ours?
It was based on 20 instead of 10.

What is a Mayan stele? Explain its function?
A vertical stone slab with carvings or inscriptions.

List all the info you can on Mayan textiles?
Cloth with colorful or complex patterns. There were special patterns for different cities.

Explain the role of glyphs in Mayan society. Who would write them? What did the glyphs communicate?
It was the writing system. Priests or scribes wrote them. They communicated words, sounds, and ideas.

What Aztec achievement fits the following description: artificial islands where plants can grow?
Chinampas.

What conclusions might an archaeologist make when studying a Mayan Corbel Vault?
They had advanced architectural skills.

What achievements did the Aztecs adapt from the Mayas?
Solar calendar, sacred calendar.

Which civilization was particularly known for valuing poetry?
Aztec.

What unique architectural features did Aztec temples have?
Double stairways.

Describe a few words about the writing systems of the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations?
Mayans had glyphs, Aztecs had pictographs, Incans had no writing.

What unique challenges did the Inca people have to a much larger extent than other peoples in the Americas?
They had a big empire and difficult terrain.

How did travelers on the Incan roads cross difficult terrain such as rivers and ravines?
Suspension bridges.

Why did Incan farmers terrace their fields?
For Irrigation purposes.

What mineral did the conquering Spaniards find in wide use by the Incas at the time of their conquest?
Gold.

What are quipus and what were they used for?
Rope with knots used for record keeping.

You are an archaeologist who is analyzing the following artifacts. Based on your knowledge or history, what conclusions can you draw about the civilizations that created these objects?
You are an archaeologist who is analyzing the following artifacts. Based on your knowledge or history, what conclusions can you draw about the civilizations that created these objects?
They valued their sun god, astronomy, and they had a complex calendar.

Use your ISN notes on pg. 192-194 and be able to name one achievement for EACH civilization in the categories of science and technology, arts and architecture, and languages and writing.
Mayas– For science, they figured out the solar year. For arts, they had great weaving. For language, they had glyphs. Aztecs– For science, they had a calendar. For architecture, they had double stairways. For writing, they had pictographs. Incas– For science, they had suspension bridges. For arts, they had pottery. For languages, they had quipus.