Hidrocarbons

Complete the following table with similarities and differences In hydrocarbons. 2. From the table set examples of compounds in their condensed formula, naming them correctly. 3. Search for information about an alkaline. Indicate where it comes from, its uses, effects in the environment and the way we can avoid negative Impacts of this compound. Results: HYDROCARBONS Alaskan Alikeness Alleles Cyclic H. Similarities 1 OFF Differences in: critic+2 chin. chin-2.

Bonds Simple Bond Double Bond Triple Bond Simple, Double or Triple Suffix -Anne -NNE -yen Cycle + Number of carbons *suffix Characteristics They can be in a straight-chain or can have branches. You have to search for the parent chain, the longest carbon chain that contains the double bond. You search for the parent chain, which contains the triple bond. Its carbons are united forming a closed figure. Isomers Structural Isomers Stereo isomers (geometric isomers) 2. 3. Alkaline: ETHANE Ethane is a chemical compound with chemical formula CASH.

At standard enrapture and pressure, ethane is a colorless, odorless gas. Ethane is isolated on chief use is speleological feedstock for ethylene production. In the laboratory, ethane may be conveniently prepared by Solve electrolysis. In this technique, an aqueous solution of an acetate salt is electrolytes. At the anode, acetate is oxidized to produce carbon dioxide and methyl radicals, and the highly reactive methyl radicals combine to produce ethane. The complete combustion of ethane releases 1559. 7 k/mol, or 51. k/g, of heat, and produces carbon oxide and water according to the chemical equation. Combustion occurs by a complex series of free-radical reactions. Computer simulations of the chemical kinetics of ethane combustion have included hundreds of reactions. An important series of reaction in ethane combustion is the combination of an ethyl radical with oxygen, and the subsequent breakup of the resulting peroxide into tetchy and hydroxyl radicals. After methane, ethane is the second-largest component of natural gas.

Natural gas from different gas fields varies in ethane content from less than 1% o over 6% by volume. Prior to the sass, ethane and larger molecules were typically not separated from the methane component of natural gas, but simply burnt along with the methane as a fuel. Today, however, ethane is an important petrochemical feedstock, and it is separated from the other components of natural gas in most well-developed gas fields. Ethane can also be separated from petroleum gas, a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons that arises as a byproduct of petroleum refining.

Economics of building and running processing plants can hanged, however. If the relative value of sending the unprocessed natural gas to a consumer exceeds the value of extracting ethane, then the plant may not be run. This can cause operational issues managing the changing quality of the gas in downstream systems. At room temperature, ethane is a flammable gas. When mixed with air at 3. 0%-12. 5% by volume, it forms an explosive mixture. Some additional precautions are necessary where ethane is stored as a cryogenic liquid. Direct contact with liquid ethane can result in severe frostbite.

In addition, the vapors evaporating from liquid ethane are, until they warm to room temperature, heavier than air and can creep along the ground or gather in low places, and if they encounter an ignition source, can flash back to the body of ethane from which they evaporated. Conclusion: Hydrocarbons are the simplest organic compounds . Containing only carbon and hydrogen, they can be straight-chain, branched chain, or cyclic molecules. Carbon tends to form four bonds in a tetrahedral geometry. Hydrocarbon derivatives are formed when there is a substitution of a functional group at one or more of these positions.