government ch. 6/3

administration
*the group of people who work for the executive branch under a specifi c president
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
*the group of advisers and assistants to the president
*White House Office; the National Security Council; the Council of Economic Advisors; the Office of Management and Budget
Members of the EOP are nominated by _____and confirmed by ____.
President; Senate
White House Office
*the key assistants and deputy assistants to the president that handle much of the daily business in the White House
*they serve without Senate confirmation
chief of staff
*the offi cial who manages the everyday opera- tions of the White House Offi ce or who may serve as the primary presidential adviser who controls all access to the president and helps map political strategy
*The President’s personal secretary and legal counsel report to this person
Office of Communications
oversees the planning and scheduling of media events for the president
Office of Legislative Affairs
serves as the contact between the president and Congress
White House Counsel
advises the president on legal issues
USA Freedom Corps
promotes and expands volunteer service in America
Office of Political Affairs
works to make the president and executive branch aware of the issues that affect Americans
National Security Council (NSC)
*the group of the top military, foreign affairs, and intelligence offi cials in the president’s administration that focuses on U.S. national security
*One of the most important parts of the EOP
National Security Advisor
*the assistant to the president who helps coordinate the activities of the NSC
*a presidential appointee who does not require Senate approval
Who chairs the National Security Council?
President
Who has ranked among the most powerful people in the President’s administration?
national security advisors
Joint Chiefs of Staff
group composed of the heads of each major branch of the armed forces
Council of Economic Advisors (CEA)
*the group of advisers charged with providing the president with expert analysis of the economy and to also assist in forming economic policy
*consists of 3 members who have been nominated by the president
*must be confirmed by the Senate
*helps the president prepare the annual Economic Report
Economic Report
detailed study of the nation’s economy, published soon after the president submits his or her budget
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
*the organization set up to develop and implement the federal budget, legislation, government regulations, the management of government fi nances, and the purchase of goods, services, and property for the entire government
*works with both the president and Congress
*largest in the EOP
career staff
people with specialized skills who are NOT replaced when a new president comes to office
What are some of the primary offices located within the Executive Office of the President?
National Security Council, Council of Economic Advisers, Office of Management and Budget
What are the 3 major duties that the Constitution assigns the Vice President?
presiding over the Senate; opening and counting the electoral votes in presidential elections; serving as president if the president cannot do the job
Which amendment required separate ballots for president and vice president?
12th
How has the role of the vice president changed over time?
Presidents have begun to rely more heavily on vice presidents to make policy and carry out their programs.
executive departments
*agencies of the federal government responsible for carrying out laws, administering programs, and making regulations in their particular area of Responsibility
Cabinet
*organization made up of the heads of the executive departments
*members are nominated by the president but they must be confirmed by the Senate
*there are 16 offical positions, including the vice president
How has the cabinet and the degree to which the president relies on it changed over time?
The Cabinet has grown from four to 16 members; in recent years, presidents have relied less on their Cabinets for advice.
T/F

The National Security Council, the Council of Economic Advisers, and the Office of Management and Budget all belong to the Executive Office of the President.

T
T/F

The president’s chief of staff always controls access to the president

F
T/F

Henry Kissinger was a very powerful national security advisor to President Nixon.

T
T/F

The Council of Economic Advisors is the largest organization in the Executive Office of the President

F
T/F

The Constitution lists three major duties to the vice president: presiding over the Senate, opening and counting the electoral votes in presidential elections, and serving as president if the president cannot do the job.

T
T/F

Early vice presidents played a much more active role in the government than their counterparts do today.

F
T/F

President George Washington created the first cabinet, which consisted of only four members

T
T/F

All presidents rely heavily on the advice of their cabinet

F
Which of the president’s closest political advisors is the most powerful?

A. assistant of domestic affairs
B. council to the president
C. press secretary
D. chief of staff

D
The core of the Executive Office of the President is the?

A. Cabinet
B. White House Office
C. National Security Council
D. Office of Administration

B
The White House Office is the most important part of the?

A. Office of Administration
B. National Security Council
C. Council of Economic Advisors
D. Executive Office of the President

D
One job of the Office of Administration is to?

A. respond to individuals seeking records under the Freedom of Information Act
B. give the president advice about matters such as tax policy and inflation
C. monitor the spending of hundreds of government agencies
D. supervise the Central Intelligence Agency

A
Which office serves as the “nerve center” for the executive branch?

a. Office of Management and Budget
b. Council of Economic Advisers
c. White House Office

C
Execute the Laws?

A. Diplomatic Power
B. Executive Power
C. Judicial Power
D. Military Power
E. Legislative Power

B
Grant Pardons?

A. Diplomatic Power
B. Executive Power
C. Judicial Power
D. Military Power
E. Legislative Power

C
Send in troops for peace-keeping?

A. Diplomatic Power
B. Executive Power
C. Judicial Power
D. Military Power
E. Legislative Power

D
Make Treaties?

A. Diplomatic Power
B. Executive Power
C. Judicial Power
D. Military Power
E. Legislative Power

A
Veto Legislation?

A. Diplomatic Power
B. Executive Power
C. Judicial Power
D. Military Power
E. Legislative Power

E

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