Government and Civics- Unit 1 Study Guide

Representative Democracy
a government that consists of representatives elected by the citizens
Oligarchy
a system of government in which a small group of people hold power
Direct Democracy
a form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly
Citizen
a member of a community with a government and laws
Immigrant
a person who comes to a country with the intention of living there permanently
Illegal Citizen
a foreigner who enters the United States without and entry or immigrant visa
Naturalization
a process by which a resident alien becomes a citizen
Ratification
to vote approval of
Alien
a person who lives in a country but is not a citizen of that country
Census
a process for counting a nations population
Refugee
a person who fleas his or her homeland because of war, famine or political oppression
Deport
to expel from a country
Naturalized Citizen
a person that has gone through a legal process to become a citizen of a certain country