Global telecoms market
Arrange allocation of bands of the radio-frequency spectrum, the allocation of radio frequencies and the registration of radio-frequency assignments and for space services, of any associated orbital position in the geostationary –satellite orbit or of any associated characteristics of satellite in other orbits, in order to avoid harmful interference between radio stations of different countries.
To synchronize efforts to avoid harmful interference between radio stations of different countries and to improve the use made of the radio-frequency spectrum for radio communication services and of the geostationary –satellite and other satellite orbits; To make possible the worldwide homogeny of telecommunications with a satisfactory quality of service.
To encourage worldwide cooperation and unity in the delivery of technical assistance to the developing countries and the formation , improvement and enhancement of telecommunication equipment and networks in developing countries by every means at its disposal ,including through its involvement in the relevant programmes of the United Nations , and the use of its own resources , as proper and appropriate ; To organize efforts to correspond the development of telecommunication facilities, particularly those using space techniques, with a view to full advantage being taken of their possibilities.
To advance collaboration among member States and Sector Members with a view to the establishment of rates at levels as low as possible consistent with an efficient service and taking into account the necessity for maintaining independent financial administrations of communications on a sound basis. To develop the implementation of measures for ensuring the safety of life through the cooperation of telecommunication services.
To embark on studies, formulate regulations, adopt resolutions, formulate recommendations and opinions and collect and publish information concerning telecommunication matters. To offer with the cooperation of international financial and development organisations, the establishment of preferential and favorable lines of credit to be used for the development of social projects aimed inter alia, at offering telecommunication services to the most isolated areas in the countries.
To pave the way for the participation of concerned entities in the activities of the Union and cooperation with the regional and other organisations for the fulfillment of the purposes of the Union . With the introduction of WTO Agreement on Basic Telecommunications in 1997, telecommunications, as tradable services, is being undergoing massive liberalization. Increasing awareness by governments that competitiveness is solely dependent on innovative and cost effective telecommunication services has led to telecommunication deregulation and liberalization of the international trade environment.
It is to be noted that Global telecommunication services revenue stood at $ 601. 9 billion or 2. 1% of global gross domestic product in 1995 and EU, Japan and the United States together accounted for nearly three-quarters of total revenue in world telecommunications. There are about 132 members in the WTO and government alone is being allowed to be members in the WTO. About 72% members, accounting for 93% of global telecoms market and 55% of the global population, have made market access commitments.
It is to be noted that 63 members have committed to regulatory principles. Telecommunication industry plays two roles i. e. a distinct sector of economic activity by itself and also a means of delivery for other economic activities. Having taken into account this dual role, the GATS Annex on Telecommunications was negotiated to ensure that its role as the means of delivery, access to telecommunication networks does not twirl into a non-tariff barrier to trade.
Nothing in the Annex requires a member to authorize a service supplier of any other member to establish, construct, acquire or other wise supply telecommunication transport networks or services, unless a member has scheduled a specific commitment that requires access or use. So as to give some relief to the developing countries, GATS does not require a member to acquire, lease or build a telecommunications network or supply telecommunications services that are not offered to the public generally.
Paragraph 5 states that “Each Member shall ensure that any service supplier of any other Member is accorded access to and use of public telecommunications transport networks and services on reasonable and non-discriminatory terms and conditions, for the supply of a service included in its schedule. By non-discriminatory, it is meant that no derogations from MFN status or national treatment obligations may be listed in a member’s schedule of commitments regarding access to or use of public telecommunication network or services.