Global Study guide 1

Social Contract
A theory or model,originating during the Age of Enlightenment, that typically addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual

Economic system with private ownership, markets guide income and production of goods, and there is competition for wealth and power

Adam smith
(1723-1790) Scottish philosopher who formulated laws that governed the economy to benefit human society

system that believes the public ownership but with help from the government

A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

Karl Marx
-wanted government run by the workers of industries, had a following (Marxist), saw communism as end result of an essential historical process

An economic system based on private ownership of capital

Ferdinand megellan
began first trip to circumnavigate the globe

Zheng He
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.

Treaty of tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.

Storming of Bastille
Paris-July 14, 1789~the medieval fortress and prison known as the Bastille contained only seven prisoners, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and it subsequently become an icon of the French Republic

National Assembly
a French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people

Radical republicans during the French Revolution.1793 to 1794.

A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.

Social Contract
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.

Louis XVI (16th)
(1754-1793) King of France between 1774 and 1792. He was overthrown during the French Revolution and later beheaded.

Estates General
An assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France

Tennis Court Oath
famous oath made on a tennis court by members of the Third Estate in France