Geo 110 Ch. 1

Longitude
AKA Meridians, run up and down from east to west
Human Geography
the study of how people, objects, or ideas are, or are not, related to one another across space
Cartography
The making of maps
Through which ocean does the longitude line at 180° run
The Pacific Ocean
Cartographers solve the problem of showing the spherical Earth on a flat piece of paper by using
Projections
In 2009, Earth’s population was approximately
6.8 Billion
Central to the study of geography are the questions ________ and ________.
Where & Why
Geographic Inquiry
Similar to Scientific Method
Several African countries are experiencing sharply lowered life expectancies due to:
HIV-AIDS
In some of the countries of Central Europe, the population is aging and declining due to
Low Birth and Death Rates
Why do most societies prefer boys over girls?
Boys typically earn more than girls, have more power in society, and they perpetuate the family name.
The “double day” refers to a situation in which
When women work in both jobs outside the home and perform household duties.
In a country with traditional gender roles, men are more likely to serve as ____________ while women serve as ________________.
fulfillers of public roles, fulfillers of private roles
Extractive Resource
Resources that must be mined from the Earth’s surface or grown from soil
Human Developmental Index (HDI)
Ranks countries in terms of well being. Based on Life Expentency, Educational Attainment, & and income adjusted to PPP.
The 2007 spike in world corn prices was brought about by
Alot of corn was used to produce ethanol, causing a shortage.
What is the term for farming that meets human needs without degrading or depleting the environment?
Sustainable Agriculture
What percentage of Earth’s population now lives in cities?
About 50%
The push/pull phenomenon of urbanization pushes people out of __________ and pulls them into _______________.
Rural areas, the city
Shantytown
a deprived area on the outskirts of a town consisting of large numbers of crude dwellings. (AKA Barrio, Favela, Tent Village, ect.)
In a large city, wealthy residents are most likely to live in
High Rise Apartments
In the British Caribbean colonies, slaves from ___________ wore garments made of cloth woven in _____________ from cotton grown in __________________.
Africa, England, British India
The key players in the global economy today are
Large Corporations
What is the key goal of multinational corporations?
to make money
What institution initiated the expansion of long-distance trade?
Caribbean Slave Plantations
What mechanisms have national governments used to protect their economies and industries from foreign competition?
Trade restrictions (Import Quotas and Tariffs)
The transition toward political systems guided by competitive elections is called
Democratization
The opposite of capitalism is
Socialism
“Ethnic cleansing” is sometimes a euphemism for
Genocide
The term used to describe a nation’s right to conduct its internal affairs as it sees fit, without interference from outside, is
Sovereignty
The United Nations is composed of
192 Members
What term is used to describe the strategies used by a given country that are intended to serve its interests in international relations
Geopolitics
Water scarcity is the result of all of the following
Water Pollution, Drought, & Flooding
How much water does the average human require daily to meet basic domestic needs
Anywhere from 20- 50 liters.
Virtual Water
Volume of water used to produce all that a person consumes in a year.
What percentage of the world’s population does NOT have access to clean water?
1/6 or 16.67%
A common disease caused by polluted water is
Cholera
The loss of trees and forest organisms to deforestation accounts for as much as _____percent of the world’s CO2.
30%
A likely result of polar ice caps melting is
Higher water levels and flooding