Gain Right Legal Standing Before God Theology Religion Essay Essay
Justification is the chef-d’oeuvre of reformation. But before researching this topic further allow us happen out what the Old and New Testament say about justification. Tenney ( 1987 ) gives us the Hebrew words for justification and these words are “ tsedheq ” and “ tsadheq ” significance to do valid, to shrive, to justify, to put right ( p. 559 ) . The New Testament Greek word “ dikaioo ” mean the same thing. The word justification is a judicial or legal term which signifies that person has been acquitted of the effects of the offense committed. The significance of this word is used in resistance to the word disapprobation ( Rom. 4:5-7 ; 8:33-34 ; Gal. 2:16 ; 3:11 ) . The verb “ justify ” does non intend to do person righteous but it means to declare one righteous ( 2 Cor. 5:19 ) . Tenney ( 1987 ) presents us with four natures of justification. He said it is a declaratory act and judicial act in the thought of judgement. It is besides remissive and renewing in nature ( p. 559-560 ) . Justification is strictly God ‘s work to a truster and a truster plays no portion in it. It is non something that is done by plants instead it is by religion in Christ Jesus. Justification as a legal declaration is a province whereby a evildoer is forgiven of his wickedness and the penalty or punishment of wickedness that stood before him is removed.
Grudem ( 2000 ) defines justification as an instantaneous legal act of God in which he ( 1 ) thinks of our wickednesss as forgiven and Christ ‘s righteousness as belonging to us ( 2 ) declares us to be righteous in his sight ( p723 ) . Paul in the book of Romans says that justification comes as an wake of our religion in God. God in response to our religion in him, he justifies us. Works play no function in our justification ( Romans 3:26, 28 ; 5:1 ; Gal. 2:16 ) . God declares the ungodly righteous in his sight non establishing on good plants but in response to their religion. When replying the inquiry how and when we gain right legal standing before God Grudem gives us five facets of justification ( Grudem, 2000. p. 723-730 ) . The first facet is that God declares us righteous lawfully based on adult male ‘s religion in him. The Bible in Romans 4:5 says, “ And to the 1 who does non work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his religion is counted as righteousness ” ( ESV. 2001. P, 941 ) . The 2nd facet is that in justification we are declared merely in God ‘s sight. The intension behind this is that we have no punishment to pay for our wickednesss. The truth is that there is no disapprobation for those who are in Christ Jesus ( Rom. 8:1 ) . Grudem ( 2000 ) said, “ The thought of full forgiveness of wickednesss is outstanding when Paul discussed justification by religion entirely in Romans 4 ” ( p. 725 ) . Justification and the forgiveness of wickednesss ever go together. Justification is non meritable ; it is entirely the work of God for world. The 3rd facet of justification is that God in his tribunal declares us righteous and he imputes or reckons Christ ‘s righteousness in us. Abraham believed in God and it was reckoned to him righteous and this righteousness did non come from plants ( Gal. 15:4 ) . When the first adult male Adam sinned we excessively became evildoers because his guilt was reckoned to us. Through one adult male wickedness was imputed to the whole world. In the same manner the wickednesss of the whole universe were imputed to Jesus Christ and that through him god paid the punishment of wickedness. Now it is through Jesus Christ that righteousness is imputed to us. In other words through Jesus Christ we have right standing with God, we are no longer condemned. The righteousness which we attain to God through Jesus Christ we attain it through religion in Christ ( Rom. 3:21-22 ) . The 4th facet is that justification is entirely God ‘s grace and does non come from plants ( Eph. 2:8-9 ) . The last facet is that the Christian accelerator for justification is faith in Jesus Christ. It is through our belief in Jesus Christ that God declares us righteous. Galatians 2:16 says that no-one is justified by plants. When Abraham believed God, it was reckoned to him righteousness ( Rom. 4:3-8 ) . The ground why God justifies a individual on the footing of religion is that religion has to make with one ‘s attitude of the bosom
The early church male parents spoke about justification but they could non understand it in relation to faith. They besides defined justification otherwise. Fisher ( 1978 ) said, “ Justification begins with the anticipatory grace of God through Jesus Christ, that evildoers through God ‘s arousing and assisting grace, may be disposed to change over themselves to their ain justification by freely acceding to and cooperation with that grace ( P, 406 ) . Justification consists of the forgiveness of wickednesss, sanctification and the renewing of the interior adult male through religion in Jesus Christ. Berkhof ( 1969 ) said that a common representation was that regeneration takes topographic point in baptism and it includes forgiveness of wickednesss ( p. 511-512 ) . Peoples like Augustine ne’er understood that justification is a legal act therefore in relation to moral procedure of sanctification. The chasm of separating justification and sanctification continued to turn into the centers ages until today. Some believe that justification includes two elements which elements are forgiveness of wickednesss and being made righteous ( Berkhof. 1969. P, 512 ) . Though the order of the elements is like this some people reverse it. Thomas Aquinas believed that grace is something that is infused in adult male and on this footing adult male ‘s wickednesss are forgiven ( Berkhof. 1969. P, 512 ) . This position supports the thought that adult male is justified in portion on the footing of good plants. This is the position in which the Roman Catholics strongly keep onto. The Council of Trent ‘s canons and edicts ( fellow. 16, canons 9 ) stipulates that “ If any one saith, that by religion entirely the impious is justified in such wise as to intend that nil else is required to co-operate in order to the obtaining of the grace of justification, and that it is non in any manner necessary, that he be prepared and disposed by the motion of his ain will ” ( Berkhof. 1969. P, 512 ) . The philosophy of justification was the built-in cause of reformation in the 16th century. Luther as the trailblazer of reformation believed that justification was done by religion and that was the foundation stone of reformation. All the theologists who followed him said that the philosophy of sola fide ( faith entirely ) and sola scriptura ( scripture entirely ) should be placed side by side. Catholic theologists ( Butzer, Gropper, Scripando & A ; Albert Pighius ) believed that there is an extra external favour of God in justification ( plants ) . Reformers believe that justification is an act of God ‘s unmerited, undeserved favour ( free grace ) in which he purges wickednesss and accept people as righteous. The reformists deny the fact that justification can alter person inside. The Socinians believe that evildoers obtain forgiveness and credence with God through his clemency on the land of their ain penitence and reformation while Arminians limit the range to justification ( Berkhof. 1969. p. 513 ) . The Arminians believe that justification includes the remittal of wickednesss on the footing of inactive obeisance of Christ and they do non include acceptance. The Antinomians believe that justification of the evildoer took topographic point in infinity or in the Resurrection of Christ ( Berkhof. 1969. P, 517 ) .
As the seed of Adam we are born evildoers because we were in him when he sinned. Now through the trespass of one adult male wickedness entered the universe and through the obeisance of one adult male ( Jesus ) redemption was offered to the universe. In Christ we find the forgiveness of our wickednesss. When we rust in him and react to his invitation he forgives us our wickednesss. This legal standing before God is attained by religion in Christ entirely. This religion is practical in the sense that we trust God and what he has said in his sanctum word and so squeal our wickednesss to him believing he will forgive us. Once this is done our guilt witting is cleansed and no longer do we experience condemned. Now I came up with three stairss on the how portion of deriving legal standing before God. The first measure is to accept that we are evildoers and that we can non salvage ourselves. The 2nd measure is that of swearing in Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of wickednesss. And in conclusion is that of inquiring God for the forgiveness of wickednesss. Caution, all this will be the work of the flesh if there is no intercession of the Holy Spirit. In fact it is the Holy Spirit that causes us to accept that we are evildoers, trust in Christ for the forgiveness of wickednesss and inquire God for forgiveness of wickednesss. Justification can non be attained by simply maintaining the jurisprudence ( Romans 5:12-21 ) . It is attained by religion in Jesus Christ. I feel it is unfair for one adult male to be punished for the wickedness of another ( e.g. The nazarene on our behalf ) . Nevertheless Christ suffered and died for me that by believing in him I might be justified. I do non believe in baptismal justification as some do, I believe that justification is by faith entirely ( sola fide ) .
I would wish to agree with Grudem ( 2000 ) who said that Romans 8:30 is about effectual naming of the Gospel which includes regeneration that brings penitence and religion ( transition ) on our portion ( P, 723 ) . In justification it is God who touches the bosom of a evildoer through the Holy Spirit ‘s light. This is really the act of the Holy Spirit and adult male does nil to acquire this inspiration. Differences between justification and sanctification should be underscored. Justification takes topographic point in God ‘s tribunal exterior of the evildoer and has nil to make with the interior life of a individual while sanctification is a gradual procedure of alteration of the interior adult male that affects the whole being. The meritable focal point of cause of these philosophies is that they both rely in the virtues of Christ.