Funds Test

Question Answer
When microorganisms are present and multiplying in the blood Septicemia
Primary defenses against infection Skin, mucous membranes, Gastrointestinal system
Secondary defenses against infection Inflammatory process, Elevated Temperature, Complement Cascade
A group of specialized proteins that attack the pathogens by releasing chemicals that make their cell membranes rupture Complement
Tertiary defenses against infection Lymphocytes (B & T cells)
What is the most effective way to break the chain of infection? Use appropriate hand hygiene
Group of safety measures performed to prevent the transmission of pathogens found in the blood and body fluids Standard precautions: hand hygiene, protective equipment, cough etiquette
Used to prevent the spread of known infection to patients and health care staff Transmission-based precautions
Practices performed to prevent the spread of infection Medical asepsis
Maintaining a sterile environment such as that found in operating rooms Surgical asepsis
Performing procedures in such a way that no pathogens will enter the patients body when you insert tubes or give injections Sterile technique
When should you avoid using antibacterial hand gel when performing hand hygiene? When hands are visibly soiled, or when caring for a patient with illness caused by spore-forming microorganisms
How long should you wash your hands? 20 seconds

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