Functions of the parts of the heart

arteriescarry blood away from the heart
veinsreturn blood to the heart
ventricleslower chambers of the heart that pump blood into vessels to leave the heart.

superior & inferior vena cavaveins that carry deoxygenated blood to the right atrium from the systemic circuit
pulmonary valvevalve positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
pulmonary arterycarries deoxygenated blood to the lungs from the right ventricle
pulmonary veinscarries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium
aortic valvevalve that allows blood to pass from the left ventricle through the aorta and to the rest of the body
bicuspid/mitral valveallows blood to flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle
Left Atriumchamber of the heart that receives blood from the lungs via the pulmonary vein
Left Ventriclechamber of the heart that receives blood from the left atriam and pumps blood blood into the aorta
Right Atriumdeoxygenated blood flows into this chamber via the superior and inferior vena cava
Right Ventriclechamber that receives blood from the right atria and pumps blood to the lungs via

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the pulmonary artery
sinoatrial node (SA node)pacemaker of the heart that controls the heart beat
tricuspid valveallows blood to flow from the right atrium to the right ventricle and closes to prevent back flow of blood back into the atrium
atriasmaller upper chambers of the heart – receive blood
septumtissue separating the right and left sides
valvesflap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward
aortalargest artery in the body – carries blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body through the systemic pathway
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