Functional Groups

Alkane (saturated hydrocarbon)
All C-C single bonds.
All C-C single bonds
Alkane (saturated hydrocarbon)
Alkene (unsaturated hydrocarbon)
Contain C=C double bonds.
Contain C=C double bonds
Alkene (unsaturated hydrocarbon)
Alkyne (unsaturated hydrocarbon)
Contain Carbon Carbon triple bonds.
Contains Carbon Carbon triple bonds.
Alkyne (unsaturated hydrocarbon)
Aromatic
Ring structures based on benzene. (single double carbon alternation)
Ring structures based on benzene. (single double carbon alternation)
Aromatic
Alcohol
C-OH
C-OH
Alcohol.
H
R-C-OH
H
Primary alcohol
Primary alcohol
H
R-C-OH
H
Secondary alcohol
R
R-C-OH
H
R
R-C-OH
H
Secondary alcohol
R
R-C-OH
R
Tertiary alcohol
Tertiary alcohol
R
R-C-OH
R
Phenol (aromatic alcohol)
Benzene ring (double single) attached to an OH.
Benzene ring (double single) attached to an OH.
Phenol (aromatic alcohol)
Ether
R-O-R
R-O-R
Ether
Thiol
R-S-H
R-S-H
Thiol
Sulfide (thioether)
R-S-R
R-S-R
Sulfide (thioether)
Disulfide
R-S-S-R
R-S-S-R
Disulfide
R-N-H
H
Primary amine
Primary Amine
R-N-H
H
R-N-H
R
Secondary Amine
Secondary Amine
R-N-H
R
Tertiary Amine
R-N-R
R
Aldehyde
O
ll
R-C-H (CHO)
O
ll
R-C-H (CHO)
Aldehyde
Ketone
O
ll
R-C-R
Carboxylic Acid
O
ll
R-C-OH (CO2H)
O
ll
R-C-OH (CO2H)
Carboxylic acid
Carboxylate
O
ll
R-C-O^-
O
ll
R-C-O^-
Carboxylate
Ester
O
ll
R-C-OR
O
ll
R-C-OR
Ester
O
ll
R-C-NHR
Amide
Amide
O
ll
R-C-NHR
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