FTCE English 6-12 Practice Test 2

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Identify the problem in the following sentence: I was on my to the store for some supplies when my tire goes flat.
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The sentence contains an incorrect verb tense agreement.
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The term etymology can be defined as
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the study of a word’s origins, including its history and evolution.
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A heroic couplet consists of lines of iambic pentameterthat rhyme in pairs: aa, bb, cc and so on. Who is credited with the introduction of this poetic style?
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Geoffrey Chaucer used this poetic style in the Canterbury Tales and The Legen of Good Women.
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A sonnet, whether Italian or English is
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a lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of 14 lines of iambic pentameter linked by an intricate rhyme scheme.
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A soliloquy is
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a monologue in which a character speaks his or her thoughts and feelings aloud.
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A metaphor is an example of
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figurative language
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T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land is a poetic example of
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modernism
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Many modern poets, such as Emily Dickinson, W.B. Yeats, William Blake, and Dylan Thomas deliberately supplement a perfect rhyme scheme with an imperfect or slant rhyme scheme. What is an imperfect, or slant, rhyme?
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a rhyme scheme in whihc corresponding vowel sounds are only approximate, and sometimes the rhymed consonants are similar rather than identical.
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Syntax is
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the order and arrangement of words or symbols forming a logical sentence.
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If an author states that a character’s home reminds him of Noah’s Ark because it has a lot of animals, the author is using a literary device called
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allusion, making a reference to a well-known piece of literature, mythology, religion, or history.
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A literary example that might assist a young person’s social development?
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The Bluest Eye, by Toni Morrison, tells a story of growing up as a black child wishing to have blue eyes. Reading this book might promote a student’s ability to relate to others who wish to be something they are not.
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What is a morpheme?
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the smallest unit of language that has meaning or serves a grammatical function, such as cat.
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An affix, also known as a bound morpheme,
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attaches to a root or stem morpheme and can be either a prefix or a suffix
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What is a metaphor?
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a figure of speech containing an implied comparison in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used for one thing is applied to another, as in “All the world’s a stage.”
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Examples of appropriate interdisciplinary activities are
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reading a book on the main topic, using the Internet to research aspects of the topic, making a chart to record data on the subject, writing to an authority on the subject seeking information.
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A colon tells the reader that what follows is closely related to the preceding clause. Example of a colon used correctly…
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A dedicated artist requires four things: brushes, paint, a canvas, and an eye for beauty.
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When a verbal phrase does not refer to a specific noun or noun phrase, it is known as a
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dangling modifier
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The following sentence has a dangling modifier: “Last night I shot an elephant in my pajamas.” What is a corrected version of this error?
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Last night, while I was wearing my pajamas, I shot an elephant.
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An important technique for proper literary assessment is to
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watch students’ performances in authentic learning situations.
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An analysis or interpretation of a literary work involves
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avoiding oversimplified plot and thematic summaries.
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An integrated lesson differs from a traditional lesson in which way?
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it always involves more areas to assess.
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Literary naturalism is best defined as
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the belief that every person exists entirely in the order of nature and does not have a soul or any participation in a religious or spiritual world beyond nature.
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What is the title of the autobiography of Booker T. Washington?
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Up from Slavery
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What statement best describes epic poetry, such as Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey?
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an extended narrative poem based on the heroic exploits and/or extraordinary adventures of an individual involved in an extended quest.
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Sonnets and other forms of English poetry, such as Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard,” are written in iambic pentameter. What is iambic pentameter?
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five feet per line of one light syllable followed by a stressed syllable. (a foot is a unit of poetic meter composed of syllables arranged in a pattern of accented and unaccented syllables)
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The term alliteration means
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a repetitve consonant sound occuring at the beginning of a word or of a stressed syllable within a word.
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What makes concrete poems, also known as pattern poems, unique from more conventional forms of poetry?
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Concrete poems are written in the visual shape of their textual content, such as a poem about a goblet written in the shape of a drinking glass, or George Herbert’s “Easter Wings” and “The Altar”.
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Novels that accentuate elements of medieval castles, dungeons, hidden passages with hidden chambers, and the exploits of a sexually perverse, sadistic villain trying to impose himself on an innocent young maiden are more commonly referred to as
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gothic novels
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Every successful college essay needs a clear, coherent thesis. What is a working thesis?
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a general idea that guides the writing of the essay but will be refined during the writing process.
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In the mid-1800s English artisans, including Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his sister Christina, formed a group that attempted to “return to the truthfulness, simplicity, and spirit of art, prior to the early Italian Renaissance.” This “brotherhood” is more commonly known as the
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Pre-Raphaelite poets
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What is a mother tongue?
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the first language a person learns—that is, the person’s native language.
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In the sentence “Pull gently on an old rope,” the word gently is
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an adverb
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What must a sentence contain for it to be considered a complete sentence?
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a noun and a verb
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Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” (1751) is considered by many scholars as the definitive masterpiece of what school of poets and poetry?
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The graveyard poets-a group of eighteenth-century poets—Thomas gray, Edward Young, and Thomas Parnell—who wrote meditative poems usually set and/or written in a cemetary, contemplating the happenstances of life and death.
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What is the definition of paragraph?
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a group of sentences that develop one main (complete) idea
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When a writer chooses between words like was/were, have/had/has, or run/ran, that writer is actually selecting the appropriate
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verb tense
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Which term means “a word used to modify, or qualify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb?
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adverb
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Paraphrasing is an essential component in the construction of an essay. What is the definition of paraphrasing?
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restating a text or thesis in your own words, thereby making the idea or topic clearer to understand.
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When a student has difficulty with reading retention, the recommended procedure for improving retention skills would include
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increasing the amount of time the student spends on repetition and review.
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In 1999, a long-term study by the National Assessment of Educational Programs found a positive relationship between children’s reading scores and
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the educational levels of their parents
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A word that shares phonetic similarities with another word, as in sea and see, is known as
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a homophone
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What is an example of onomatopoeia?
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buzz, hiss, whish, ding-dong
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What sentence has an example of a dangling modifier?
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After completing the course on grammar, Ian’s essay showed great improvement.
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Although the term morphology can pertain to a field of biological study, it is also a branch of linguistic study. What is morphology?
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the study of the fundamental structure and formation of words, including inflection, derivation, and the formation of compound words.
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The origin of our modern English language is
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Germanic
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Dr. Kenneth Goodman developed the notion of miscue analysis. It is a system for examining how a youngster’s oral reading of a passage varies from
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the printed text
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Before reading a story to the students, Mrs. Drake tells the students what she is expecting them to learn from listening to the story. What is her reason for doing that?
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She is modeling a vital prereading skill to teach it to the young readers.
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What are examples of research tools?
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library, Internet, interviews
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In teaching higher-level reading skills, Mr. Chin wants his students to recognize editorializing. What is an example that best illustrates editorializing?
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Robert McGee was given a well-deserved round of applause.
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The proverb “Death is a black camel that kneels at the gates of all” is an example of
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a metaphor
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Mr. Brown is teaching his class how to recognize propaganda. He presents students with the slogan, “Buy a brand-new Whizzer bike like the ones all your friends have.” Which propaganda device is he illustrating?
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bandwagon
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Mrs. Blanchard uses a strategy in which she has her students copy key words from the board and listen to cue words that reinforce the key words. Next, the students write down information about the key words using lines as bullets. Then, the students write down questions the teacher presents and the answers to those questions. Next, the students read the textbook at home and try to find the key concepts discussed in class. Finally, those concepts are written in the students’ own words in their notebooks. Which skill is Mrs. Blanchard trying to reinforce by using this method?
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Call-up, a note taking strategy
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Which author wrote, “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose / By any other name would smell as sweet”?
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William Shakespeare
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If a student’s purpose is to give a persuasive speech, she or he is likely to
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use factual information, appeal to character, appeal to emotions
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Which assessment tools requires a teacher to observe a student and record, as soon as possible afterward, an account of exactly what took place?
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an anecdotal record
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A supportive classroom environment for writing includes
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the formation of a community of writers, scheduled writing days and times, writing portfolios, time to share and discuss writing.
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Effective practices to student writing include
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asking students to indicate what they like best about a particular piece of writing, asking students to determine if they have been successful in addressing the intended audience, having students select pieces of writing to include in their portfolios, based on improvement, and attaching a comment card to each piece that indicates the specific reason the piece was chosen.
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Student writing can be assessed effectively by
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a conference between the student and his or peers. having the student complete a checklist indicating the behaviors in which she or he engaged during each step in the writing process, having the student keep a writing log.
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What are appropriate strategies for teaching literature?
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having artistic students creat a book jacket for a book they have read, having students write a letter to a contemporary author about the inspiration for the book, after reading a historical fiction work, having students research the actual events on which the book is based and compare them with the events related in the book.
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The types of public speaking that usually include a moderator are
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panel discussion and debate
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A teacher is giving students a series of instructions to follow. Which level of listening is the teacher evaluating?
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Attentive
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Several outstanding, well-known professional athletes appear in advertisements for a diet plan that they say helped them to lose weight. This approach is categorized as
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testimonial
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Students need to become aware of the intended effects of media. Among the common effects are
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entertaining, persuading and informing
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Which strategies are appropriate for assessing a visual?
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asking for the main idea of the visual, asking fact-based questions, having students define words used in the visual, having students draw conclusions based on the visual.
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Which technological resources are appropriate for instructional purposes?
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e-mailing pen pals, using electronic messaging to contact a contemporary author, e-mail mentoring, Internet search engines used for research.
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Having students read a biography of a scientist is an example of
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teaching students about the genre of biography
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A group consisting of two to six students, one designated as the leader and one as a scribe, formed to accomplish a task or discuss a topic is called a
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cooperative learning group.
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What is a limerick?
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a humorous poem in the rhythm a-a-b-b-a. The first two lines rhyme; the second two lines rhyme; and the last line rhymes with the first two lines.
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What is an elegy?
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a mournful poem
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What is a ballad?
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a long poem that tells a story.
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What is Haiku?
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a form of poetry with a 17-syllable vers, divided into three units of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, respectively.
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What is alliteration?
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the repetition of consonant sounds
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What is onomatopoeia?
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when a word actually sounds like the sound it makes.
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What is imagery?
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a way to portray something by comparison.
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What is symbolism?
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occurs when a word or phrase represents something else.
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What is a metaphor?
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a comparison between two items without the use of like or as.
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What is a simile?
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a comparison that uses like or as
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What is an alliteration?
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the repetition of a consonant sound.
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What is a hyperbole?
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an exxageration.
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What is a testimonial?
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a quote by someone, whether by name or anonymous, that vouches for the product.
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What is card stacking?
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the intentional organization and arrangement of material to make one position look good and another position look bad.
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What is a glittering generalization?
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use of an emotionally appealing word or concept to gain approval without thinking.

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