FAR Study Guide 1

FAR
Federal Aviation Regulations

FAR-21
CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS, ARTICLES, AND PARTS

FAR 23
NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES

FAR 25
TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES

FAR 39
AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

FAR 43
MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION

FAR 43 Appendix A
Major Alterations, Major Repairs, and Preventive Maintenance

FAR 43 Appendix B
Recording of Major Repairs and Major Alterations

FAR 43 Appendix D
Scope and Detail of Items (as Applicable to the Particular Aircraft) to be Included in Annual and 100-Hour Inspections

FAR 43 Appendix E
Altimeter System Test and Inspection

FAR 43 Appendix F
ATC Transponder Tests and Inspections

FAR 45
IDENTIFICATION AND REGISTRATION MARKING

FAR 65
AIRMEN OTHER THAN FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS

FAR 91
GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES

FAR 121
OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS

FAR 135
OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON-DEMAND OPERATIONS AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT

FAR 145
REPAIR STATIONS

FAR 147
AVIATION MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN SCHOOLS

CFR
Code of Regulation

AD
Airworthiness Directives

FAA
Federal Aviation Administration

ICA-
inspection for continued airworthiness

STC-
Supplemental type certificate

TC
type certificate

TCDS
type certificate data sheet

FAR
Federal Aviation Regulation

PMA
Parts Manufacturer Approval

TSO
Technical Standard Orders

AC
Advisory Circular

DME
Designated Maintenance Examiner

WTE
Wind Tower Evaluation

FSDO
Flight Standards District Offices

DER
Designated Engineering Representative

SB
Service Bulletin

PMI
Principal Maintenance Inspector

CAR
Civil Air Regulations

A&P
Airframe & Powerplant

IA
Inspection Authorization

CAMP-
Continuous airworthiness maintenance program.

337 Form
MAJOR REPAIR & ALTERATION (AIRFRAME, POWERPLANT, PROPELLER, OR APPLIANCE)

8130-3 Form
Authorized Release Certificate, Airworthiness Approval Tag

Air carrier
Means a person who undertakes directly by lease, or other arrangement, to engage in air transportation

Aircraft
a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air.

Airplane
an engine-driven fixed-wing aircraft heavier than air, that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings.

Extended Operation Twin operation passenger service(ETOPS)
an airplane flight operation, other than an all-cargo operation in an airplane with more than two engines, during which a portion of the flight is conducted beyond a time threshold identified in part 121 or part 135 of this chapter that is determined using an approved one-engine-inoperative cruise speed under standard atmospheric conditions in still air.

Maintenance
inspection, overhaul, repair, preservation, and the replacement of parts, but excludes preventive maintenance.

Major Alteration
an alteration not listed in the aircraft, aircraft engine, or propeller specifications—
(1) That might appreciably affect weight, balance, structural strength, performance, powerplant operation, flight characteristics, or other qualities affecting airworthiness; or
(2) That is not done according to accepted practices or cannot be done by elementary operations

Major Repair
(1) That, if improperly done, might appreciably affect weight, balance, structural strength, performance, (2) That is not done according to accepted practices or cannot be done by elementary operations.powerplant operation, flight characteristics, or other qualities affecting airworthiness; or

Minor Alteration
an alteration other than a major alteration.

Minor Repair
a repair other than a major repair.

Preventive Maintenance
simple or minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations.

Small Aircraft
aircraft of 12,500 pounds or less, maximum certificated takeoff weight.

Time in Service
with respect to maintenance time records, means the time from the moment an aircraft leaves the surface of the earth until it touches it at the next point of landing.

MEL
minimum equipment list.

TCAS
traffic alert and collision avoidance system.