Test Answers on Pathophysiology Flashcards

Microbiology Chapter 10

question The use of an organism’s biochemical processes to create a product is: a. genetic engineering b. biotechnology c. recombinant DNA d. gel electrophoresis e. gene probes answer biotechnology question The various techniques by which scientists manipulate DNA in the lab is called: a. genetic engineering b. biotechnology c. recombinant DNA d. gel electrophoresis e. […]

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Ch1: History of Microbiology

question Biogenesis answer the production of living organisms from other living organisms question Francesco Redi answer set up an experiment to disprove spontaneous generation of maggots. question Lazzaro Spallanzani answer he showed that broth that was heated after being put into a sealed flask did not develop microbial growth. question Louis Pasteur answer 1)Microorganisms can […]

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Microbiology Practice Test 4

question Which of the following antibiotics is NOT bactericidal? A) rifampins B) aminoglycosides C) cephalosporins D) penicillin E) polyenes answer E) polyenes question To date, most of our natural antibiotics have been found to be produced by members of what genus? A) Streptomyces B) Cephalosporium C) Penicillium D) Paenibacillus E) Bacillus answer A) Streptomyces question […]

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Microbiology Ch 19

question Which of the following does histamine NOT directly cause? A. smooth muscle contraction B. anaphylactic shock C. increased vascular permeability D. vasodilation answer B. anaphylactic shock question Which of the following would NOT be an example of a common allergen? A. peanuts B. pollen C. dust mites D. hay fever answer D. hay fever […]

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Microbiology: Chapter 27

question Acellular infectious agents answer Viruses question Scientist that studies viruses answer Virologist question Study of viruses answer Virology question Complete virus particle. Consists of >or = 1 DNA and RNA may have additional layers Cannot reproduce independent of living cells nor carry out cell division. But can exist extracellularly answer Virion question Simple organization […]

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Pathophysiology and Pharmacology Unit 1

What is Pathophysiology? a science that provides understanding of disease mechanism and how/why physiology changes in body structure and function lead to clinical manifestations of disease. pathology study of disease physiology study of functions of living organism Prevention: Primary health promotion and protection to reduce/prevent incidence of disease ei: immunization, diet, exercise Prevention: Secondary early […]

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Pathophysiology Test Questions

Hyperplasia Increase in cell number. Cells retain normal structure. Causes of hyperplasia – hormone signaling (uterine lining) – increased functional workload (increased blood cells due to high altitude living) Hypertrophy Increase in cell size. Cells retain normal structure. Causes of Hypertrophy – hormonal signaling (breast cells for lactation) – increased functional workload (weight training, immune […]

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Pathophysiology and Pharmacology Exam 1

Pathophysiology the study of underlying changes in body physiology that result from disease or injury. Etiology study of the cause of disease Clinical manifestations s/s, evidence of disease, local and systemic Risk factors predisposing) increase disease probability, but do not cause. Complications onset of disease while having an existing disease Hypertrophy increase in the size […]

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Foundations of Pathophysiology

Pathology the study of the structural (physical) changes in cells, tissues, and organs, due to disease or injury Pathophysiology the study of the physiological (functional) changes in cells, tissues, and organs, due to disease or injury Pathologist – diagnoses disease based upon structural and/or functional changes to aid in treatment, prognosis, and patient care – […]

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Chapter 1: Introduction to Pathophysiology

Pathology A branch of medicine that deals with the structural and functional changes in tissues and organs of the body that cause or are caused by disease. Pathophysiology A specific branch of pathology that studies functional or physiologic changes in the body that results from disease processes. Anaerobic Metabolism and function without oxygen Apoptosis Normal […]

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Pathophysiology – Fluid & Electrolytes

2 Compartments of Body Fluid Intracellular Fluid and Extracellular Fluid Intracellular Fluid Comprises all the fluid contained within the cells. Extracellular Fluid Comprises all the fluid outside the cells including interstitial fluid (the space between cells and outside blood vessels) and intravascular fluid (blood plasma). Total Body Water (TBW) Sum of fluids within all compartments. […]

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West Coast University Pathophysiology Week 1: Ch. 1, Ch. 2, Ch.4, Ch.7

Etiology The known cause for the disease. The study of causes/reasons for phenomena. Identify’s causal factors acting in concert that provoke a particular disease or injury. Pathophysiology The study of disease process. Idiopathic The cause of the disease is unknown Iatrogenic Causes results from unintended or unwanted medical treatment. Example: Mistakes made in surgery, or […]

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Immunity: Pathophysiology

How are the defenses of immunity divided? The defenses of immunity are divided into: 1. 1st line of defense 2. 2nd line of defense 3. 3rd line of defense First Line of Defense Innate resistance Second Line of Defense Inflammation Third Line of Defense Adaptive (acquired immunity) -normal immune response What does the first line […]

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Nursing pathophysiology

Hypertrophy -increased size and functional capacity of cells -increased workload causes increase in size -will revert to normal if the cause is removed -ex: body buider–muscle mass Atrophy -decreased size and functional capacity -decrease use causes decreased size of cells examples: occurs in muscles, brain, and kidneys physiologic-uterus shrinkage post partum Hyperplasia increase in number […]

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Microbiology 160 exam 2

question How many annual deaths in the US each year from cigarettes? answer 480,000 question how many percent of all deaths in the US was due to cigarette smoking? answer 20% question Tobacco Facts answer tobacco products are the only legal consumer products that can be lethal when used exactly as the manufacturer intends question […]

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USMLE First Aid Microbiology

question gram positive cocci answer Staphylococcus, Streptococcus question gram neg cocci answer Neisseria question gram positive bacilli answer Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Bacillus, Listeria, Mycobacterium (acid fast) question gram positive branching filaments answer Actinomyces, Nocardia (weakly acid fast) question Spiral answer spirochetes: Leptospira, Borrelia (Giemsa), Treponema question bacteria with unusual cell membranes/walls answer Mycoplasma – sterols, no […]

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USMLE Step 1 First Aid 2015 Microbiology

question Gram-positive Spherical (coccus) answer Staphylococcus Streptococcus question Gram-positive Rod (bacillus) answer Bacillus Clostridium Corynebacterium Gardnerella (gram variable) Lactobacillus Listeria Mycobacterium (acid fast) Propionibacterium question Gram-negative Sperical (coccus) answer Moraxella catarrhalis Neisseria question Gram-negative Enteric Rod (bacillus) answer Bacteroides Campylobacter E. coli Enterobacter Helicobacter Klebsiella Proteus Pseudomonas Salmonella Serratia Shigella Vibrio Yersinia question Gram-negative Respiratory […]

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Microbiology Chapter 9 Study

question Sterilization answer the removal or destruction of ALL microbes, including viruses and bacterial endospores, in or on an object question Aseptic answer describes an environment or procedure that is free of contamination question Disinfection answer the use of physical or chemical agents known as________, including ultraviolet light, heat, alcohol, and bleach, to inhibit or […]

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Microbiology test 1 Galen college of nursing Louisville, KY

question Importance of microorganisms r/t the biosphere? answer Essential for cycling C, N, O; food chains- at the base of all good chains. question .. R/t endosymbiotic relationships? answer Present in our intestines and aid digestion. question .. R/t foods production? answer Making bread, cheese, beer, and other fermented foods. question .. R/t disease? answer […]

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Microbiology – Chapter 1

question Microorganisms (Microbes) answer Minute living things that individually are usually too small to be seen with the unaided eye. Examples: Bacteria Fungi Protozoa Microscopic Algae Viruses question Pathogenic answer Disease Producing microorganisms question Nomenclature – How are organisms named? answer Each organism has two names — the genus (plural: genera) – first name, capitalized; […]

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chapter 37:Epidemiology and public health microbiology

question epidemiology answer science that evaluates occurence, determinants, distribution and control of health and disease in a defined human population. question epidemiologist answer one who practices epidemiology question john snow answer first epidemiologist studied cholera in london question CDC center for disease control and prevention answer in atlanta, GA national focus for developing and applying […]

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