Test Answers on pathology

Pathopharm Cardiac ATI

question captopril (Capoten) answer ACE inhibitors question Iosartan (Cozaar) answer ARBs question spironolactone (Aldactone) answer Aldosterone antagonists & Potassium-sparing diuretics question aliskiren (Tekturna) answer Direct renin inhibitors question verapamil (Calan) answer Class IV/Calcium channel blockers question doxazosin (Cardura) answer Alpha1 adrenergic blockers question atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor) answer Beta adrenergic blockers question clonidine (Catapres) answer […]

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ch 23 patho

question Constitutional delay of puberty seldom requires treatment, unless the delay is causing psychosocial problems answer true question Weight loss aggravates symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, whereas weight gain may ameliorate the symptoms answer False, weight gain aggravates, weight loss ameliorate question A low-fat, vegetarian diet helps relieve symptoms of premenstrual syndrome answer true question […]

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patho ch 5

question ____ 1. What is a benign neoplasm originating from adipose tissue called? answer Lipoma question ____ 2. What are malignant neoplasms arising from connective tissue cells called? answer Sarcomas question ____ 3. Which of the following is a characteristic of a benign tumor? answer Cells appear relatively normal. question ____ 4. Which factor provides […]

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patho ch 5 & 4

question eyeball layers answer sclera (outermost), choroid (middle), retina (innermost) question conjunctiva answer covers anterior externally visible portion of the eye question anterior chamber is between the iris and anterior cornea answer vitreous body is behind the lens question refraction answer bending light rays question Light rays answer – Rays enter the eye and pass […]

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PATHO- CH 28

question What term is used to describe the capacity of some erythrocytes to vary in size, especially in relationship to some anemias? answer Anisocytosis Additional descriptors of erythrocytes associated with some anemias include poikilocytosis (assuming various shapes) question What is the fundamental physiologic manifestation of anemia? answer Hypoxia question The paresthesia that occurs in vitamin […]

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Patho Practice questions exam 1

question A reduction in circulating HCO3- due to kidney dysfunction would result in (compensation) answer respiratory compensation question A decrease in pCO2 is a manifestation of answer respiratory alkalosis question What is the most abundant cation in the extracellular fluid? answer sodium question Which force is caused by proteins or other molecules that can pull […]

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Patho 4,5,6,7

question Which of the following clients would be considered a good candidate for hyperbaric oxygen therapy? A. fifth grade student who fell on the playground and broke his femur and developed large hematoma over the injured leg B. A motorcycle accident client with lots of “road rash” requiring scrubbing of the wounds with a brush […]

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Patho Quiz’s

question Movement of the eyeball answer What do the extrinsic muscles of the eye control? question Astigmatism answer Which of the following is caused by an irregular curvature of the cornea or lens? question Chronic (wide-angle) glaucoma answer Which disorder is manifested by loss of peripheral vision? question Cataract answer Which of the following involves […]

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PATHO: Practice Questions (Chapter 2)

question Which of the following statements is true regarding drug therapy and its effects on the body? a) Drugs only have positive effects on cells. b) Drugs do not injure tissues or cells. c) Antineoplastic cells directly damage cells. d) Drugs only have bad effects when they have side effects. answer c) Antineoplastic cells directly […]

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Patho Exam 5

question Which of the following cancers of the female genitourinary tract can be detected by routine screening methods and has a nearly 100% survival rate with treatment? answer B. Cancer of the cervix question Which of the following statements is true as it relates to ovarian cancer? answer A. Is often asymptomatic until the disease […]

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porth patho chapt 20

question A nurse preceptor is evaluating the skills of a new registered nurse (RN) caring for clients experiencing shock. Which action by the new RN indicates a need for more education? answer Raising the head of the bed to a high Fowler’s position question Increased cardiac workload with left heart failure can result in which […]

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Patho Chap 21

question A 1-year-old female is diagnosed with anemia secondary to insufficient erythropoiesis. When the parents asked what caused this, how should the nurse respond? The most likely cause(s) is (are): answer An iron deficiency question A 12-month-old toddler weighing 18 pounds is brought to the clinic because of weakness, slow physical growth, and developmental delays. […]

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non-hodgkins lymphoma pathology

question what are the 2 kinds of non-hodgkins lymphomas? answer B and T cell question what is the difference between leukemias and lymphomas? answer leukemias are typically abnormal WBCs, produced in the bone marrow and circulating in peripheral blood. lymphomas are aggregates of neoplastic lymphocytes that form a mass question what is the precursor for […]

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myeloproliferative disorders pathology

question how is a suspected myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm evaluated? answer peripheral blood smear, bone marrow aspirate, bone marrow trephine bx, blasts, cytochemistry/special stains, immunophenotype, and genetic studies question what are the myeloproliferative disorders? answer CML (not truly considered a leukemia), chronic neutrophilic leukemia (rare), polycythemia vera, primary myelofibrosis, essential thrombocythemia, chronic eosinphilic leukemia, mastocytosis, and […]

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PATHO FINAL CHAPTERS 21, 25, 27, 28

question What is the most common cause of endocrine abnormalities? answer benign tumor question Choose the statement that applies to Type I diabetes mellitus answer onset often occurs during childhood question Which of the following does NOT usually develop as a complication of diabetes? answer osteoporosis question Why is amputation frequently a necessity in diabetics? […]

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Patho chapts 31&32

question A nurse recalls the major hormonal determinant of sexual differentiation in utero is: answer Testosterone question A nurse is preparing to teach about puberty. Which information should the nurse include? One substance associated with puberty in males and females is the hormone: answer Leptin question A nurse is discussing female anatomy. Which body structure […]

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Patho-Module 2 Chapter 9

question Tumor answer Also called a neoplasm; it is defined as uncontrolled cellular replication. question Properties of tumor answer It can be either benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). question Characteristics of a malignant tumor answer o Grows rapidly o Non encapsulated o Invades local structure and tissues o Poorly differentiated o High mitotic index […]

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Patho Quiz from wk 5

question When an oncologist is teaching about how radiation induces gene instability, which of the following should the oncologist discuss? A. facilitating new mutations B. Promoting cell death C. Enhancing mitosis D. Increasing hypersensitivity answer A. Facilitating new mutations question When an nursing technician asks why carcinomas rarely occur in childhood, how should the nurse […]

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Patho Ch 1

question Cytoplasm/protoplasm answer colourless, viscous liquid containing water, nutrients, ions, dissolved gases and waste products: where the cellular work takes place. question Organelles answer internal cellular structures that perform the work that maintains the cell’s life. question Nucleus answer control centre of the cell, contains all the genetic information and is surrounded by a double […]

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Patho chapter 6-8-9-10

question A client has cancer. While planning care, the nurse recalls that which type of immunity attacks cancer? answer Cellular, or cell-mediated, immunity targets viruses and cells that have become cancerous. Humoral immunity provides protection against many bacteria and viruses. Mucosal immunity is the secretory immune system and provides protection from infectious microorganisms in secretions. […]

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Patho Unit 7

question The clinical significance of BPH resides in its tendency to compress the ________ and cause partial/complete obstruction of urinary outflow, resulting in over-distention of the bladder. answer Urethra question Testicular __________ is a twisting of the spermatic cord that suspends the testis. answer torsion question Testicular torsion obstructs venos drainage, with resultant edema and […]

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