Test Answers on Organic Chemistry Flashcards

Organic Chemistry Test 4 (Ch 18,19 and 20)

Select the true statement: You expect water to have a higher boiling point that octane Aldehydes are reduced to form what type of compound? A primary alcohol The boiling point of a branched alkane is generally ____ that of the straight chain alkane with the same number of atoms Lower than Why do carboxylic acids […]

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Applications of Organic Chemistry

plastic a material capable of being shaped or formed, usually an organic material of high molecular weight polymer a chemical molecule made up of repeating links of smaller identical molecules. “macro-molecules” are plastics polymers? all plastics are polymers, but not all polymers are plastics examples of nonplastic polymers wood, wool, cotton, starch, rubber, skin, hair […]

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Unit 10 – Organic Chemistry

addition reaction a chemical reaction in which one molecule is added to another alcohol any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation aldehyde any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds alicyclic an aliphatic cyclic hydrocarbon such as a cycloalkane or cycloalkene aliphatic having carbon atoms linked […]

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Biology Chapter 3: Organic Chemistry

2 Broad Categories How many categories are compounds divided into? Organic and Inorganic Compounds The two categories of compounds into these. Organic This compound contains carbon atoms that are covalent my bonded to carbon and to other elements. Living Things An organic compound is a compound that contains carbon and is found in all of […]

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Organic Chemistry Chapter 1

Valence Shell outermost electron shell Valence Electrons electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom Valence electrons on the periodic table The number of valence electrons in an A group of the periodic table = its group number Octet Rule Theory Atoms lose, gain, or share electrons to have a full eight valence electrons […]

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Chemistry VESPER, organic function groups, and intro to organic chemistry notes

2 areas of electron density (2bonds,0 lone pairs) Electronic Structure: Linear Molecular Structure: Linear Bond Angle: 180 Polarity: Non Polar 3 areas of electron density (3bonds,0 lone pairs) Electronic Structure: Trigonal Planar Molecular Structure: Trigonal Planar Bond Angle: 120 Polarity: Non Polar 3 areas of electron density (2bonds,1 lone pair) Electronic Structure: Trigonal Planar Molecular […]

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Organic Chemistry Chapter 4,5,6

Non- superimposable mirror image, it cannot be superimposed by any movement in three dimensional space Enantiomer If it goes from left to right then it is not superimposable Molecules that are not chiral, are ? Achrial if mirror images are superimposable then it is Achrial if you have a plain symmetry that molecule is not […]

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Stage 2 Organic Chemistry

homologous series: family of organic compounds saturated single bonds unsaturated double or triple bonds aromatic benzene ring meth 1 eth 2 pop 3 but 4 pent 5 hex 6 hept 7 oct 8 non 9 dec 10 Methyl – CH₃ Ethyl – CH₂CH₃ alkanes no functional group Secondary interactions occur between 8+ and a 8- […]

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Organic chemistry reaction sequence

Haloalkane to alcohol Substitution, KOH (aq) or NaOH (aq) needed Haloalkane to amine Substitution, conc NH3 needed Alkene to alcohol Addition, H2O needed with a catalyst of h+, h2SO4 and heat Alcohol to alkene Elimination. Conc. H2SO4 needed Alcohol to haloalkane Substitution. PCl3, PCl5 or SOCl2 needed Alkene to haloalkane Addition. HX needed Haloalkane to […]

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Mastering Biology organic chemistry

functional group group of atoms that replaces hydrogen in an organic compound hydroxyl, carboxyl, amino, aldehyde, ketone, sulfhydryl, methyl, phosphate hydroxyl OH carboxyl COOH amino NH2 aldehyde COH ketone CO sulfydryl SH methyl CH3 phosphate PO4 organic molecule Contain carbon/hydrogen; most organic molecules important to living things are polymers Momomer Small organic molecules that can […]

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Organic Chemistry Lab Safety

No student is allowed to work in the lab without the supervision of an instructor No unauthorized experiment is permitted alteration/modification of the lab procedure is not allowed unless it has been checked and okay-ed by your instructor. Eating, drinking, and chewing gum are not allowed in the lab. Chewing gum may absorb chemicals from […]

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Organic Chemistry year 11

What is a single bond called? Alkane Are single bonds saturated or unsaturated? saturated Are double/triple bonds saturated or unsaturated? unsaturated What is a double bond called? Alkene What is a triple bond called? Alkyne What is the formula for single bonds? CnH2n+2 What is the formula for double bonds? CnH2n What is the formula […]

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Organic Chemistry Lab Exam I

What is the purpose of recrystallization primary method for purifying solid organic compounds Explain why the solvent is heated and cooled in ice bath The desired compound along with the soluble impurities are dissolved in a minimum of near boiling solvent, the solution is then allowed to cool slowly without interruption. As it cools, the […]

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Organic Chemistry Reagents and Products

Add OH antimarkov 1. BH3 2. NaOH, H202 anti mark racemic mixture **works with alkYnes too, gives C-OH, then O=C** Add two Br to alkene (TRANS) Br2 Add Br and OH to alkene (TRANS) Br2, H20 To make O=C out of C=C (anti) 1. BH3 2. NaOH, H202 Adding Br out of nowhere Br2, hv […]

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Chapter 10: Organic chemistry – fast facts

Homologous series is a series of compounds with the same general formula, where each member differs from the successive member by -CH2-. Members of the same homologous series show a trend in their physical properties and have similar chemical properties Empirical formula is the simplest ratio of atoms present in a molecule Molecular formula is […]

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NCEA Level 3 Organic Chemistry Reaction Schemes

H2/Ni or H2/Pt and heat Alkene → Alkane Br2 Alkene → dibromoalkane HX Alkene → Haloalkane H2O/H+ and heat Alkene → Alcohol X2/UV slow Alkane → Haloalkane NH3 warm Haloalkane → Aminoalkane KOH(alc) reflux Haloalkane → Alkene KOH(aq) reflux Haloalkane → Alcohol cH2SO4 Alcohol → Alkene SOCl2 or PCl3 or PCl5 reflux Alcohol → Haloalkane […]

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Organic Chemistry II Lab Final – 3106

A sample on a chromatographic column is subjected to which two opposing forces? its adsorption to the solid phase and its solubility in the elution solvent system An extraction solvent should be ______ the solution solvent. immiscible with Match the letter with the correct column component. A Elution solvent B Sand C Stationary phase (SiO2 […]

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Organic Chemistry Chapter 4

alkanes and cycloalkanes are hydrocarbons in which all the carbon-carbon bonds are single bonds hydrocarbons that contain carbon double bonded to carbon is an alkene hydrocarbons that contain carbon triple bonded to carbon is an alkyne formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2 formula for cycloalkanes is CnH2n what type of hybridization and shape do alkanes and […]

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Unit 4: Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry – Chemistry of compound that contain CARBON. – usually contain H – often contain O – sometimes contain S, N, P, and halogens – all are covalent Organic Compound – have covalent bonds – soluble in non-polar solvent. – non-electrolytes. – have low melting and boiling points. – burn easily. – grater in […]

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Organic Chemistry: Chapter 7, 8, and 9

nucleophile is the pi bond in an alkene an electrophile or nucleophile? no can the alkene be a branch? the alkene what gets the lowest number when naming an alkene? ene what does the parent chain name end with for an alkene? branches (lowest number) if the alkene number is a tie, look at ___________ […]

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Physio Organic Chemistry

acids proton donors; ionize, dissociate, and release (H+) and a negative ion other than hydroxide (OH-) in water bases proton acceptors of H+ and release OH- pH measure of H+ concentration of a solution buffers helps prevent excessive changes in the pH of body fluids; releases H+ when pH is too high and binds to […]

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