Test Answers on neurology

Assessments Ch 23 – Neurologic System

agnosia loss of ability to recognize importance of sensory impressions agraphia loss of ability to express thoughts in writing amensia loss of memory analogesia loss of pain sensation aphasia loss of power of expression by speech, writing, or signs, or loss of comprehension of spoken or written language. apraxia loss of ability to perform purposeful […]

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PD: Chapter 22: Neurologic System(to slide 26)

Internal environment of the body The autonomic nervous system coordinates which of the following? orchestrate the stress response. The major function of the sympathetic nervous system is to: digestion The parasympathetic nervous system maintains the day-to-day function of: shock absorber. Cerebrospinal fluid serves as a: frontal lobe. The motor cortex of the brain is in […]

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Assessment Chapter 15 Neurologic System

Sensory: Smell reception and interpretation Olfactory (CNI) Sensory: Visual acuity and visual fields Optic (CNII) Motor: Raise eyelids, most extraocular movements Parasympathetic: Pupillary constriction, change lens shape Oculomotor (CNIII) Motor: Downward, inward eye movement Trochlear (CNIV) Motor: Jaw opening and clenching, chewing and mastication Sensory: Sensation to cornea, iris, lacrimal glands, conjunctiva, eyelids, forehead, nose, […]

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Chapter 10: Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders

What is delirium Disorientation, recent memory loss, and a clouding of attention Have problems with focusing, sustaining, or shifting attention Signs arise suddenly What is sundowning when the signs of delirium get worse at night what is dementia Typically caused by anatomic changes in the brain Generally irreversible, permanent Affects mainly memory what is the […]

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Neurochemical Transmission

question Parts of the standard neuron answer Inputs, dendrites, soma, myelinated axon, nodes, terminal, synapse question Where are the neurotransmitters held? answer In the synaptic terminal question What is exocytosis dependent on and why? answer Ca2+ concentration – calcium ions cause vesicles to fuse with the presynaptic membrane question Mechanism of exocytosis answer Vesicles dock […]

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Medical Term Chap. 14: Neurology

question word meaning “pertaining to cerebellum” answer cerebellar question word meaning “cerebellum inflammation” answer cerebellitis question word meaning “protrusion of the meninges” answer meningocele question word meaning “protrusion of meninges and spinal cord protrusion” answer meningomyelocele question word meaning “pertaining to cerebrum” answer cerebral question word meaning “pertaining to cerebrum and spine” answer cerebrospinal question […]

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Neurotransmitters

question Neurochemistry answer Basic chemical composition&processes of the nervous system question Neuropharmacology answer Chemical compounds that selectively affect the nervous system question AA answer Are already present in the neuron from diet and cellular metabolism question Small-molecule animes answer Are quickly synthesized by enzymes in the axon terminal and stored in vesicles question Neuropeptide answer […]

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Ch. 4 & 5: Alcohol and Sedative-Hypnotics neurochem

question Alcoholics are likely to experience which of the following problems with their memory? answer retrospective memory (past events) prospective memory (day to day) Page 5.21 question Alcohol interacts with more types of receptors, neurotransmitters, and genes than do marijuana and cocaine. answer True question A person’s reaction to alcohol and level of impairment depends […]

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Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Approach

question How were the principles of the PNF approach developed? answer From normal human development question The PNF approach can be used with who? answer All patients with upper neuron CNS dysfunction question What does the PNF approach stress? answer Spiral and diagonal patterns of movement used in a goal directed manner question What is […]

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Acute Care Physical Therapy Neurology and Neurosurgery

question What is a Laminectomy? answer excision of the laminae, or posterior vertebral arch via an anterior or posterior approach (posterior most common). May be performed independently to excise disk material or as part of a spinal fusion. question What is a Discectomy? answer decompression of nerve root material by removing intervertebral nuclear disk material; […]

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Chapter 20-25 CNS; Neurodegenerative disorder drugs/neurological drugs

question A patient is experiencing constant impairment of voluntary actions after taking levodopa [Dopar]. Which medication should the nurse expect the primary healthcare provider to prescribe? answer Entacapone [Comtan] question Which cholinesterase inhibitor has the highest incidence of adverse gastrointestinal (GI) effects? answer Rivastigmine [Exelon] question A patient has been started on donepezil [Aricept]. The […]

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ATI Neuro Drugs Part 2- Tests

question When reviewing the adverse effects of drug therapy with a patient, a healthcare professional should explain that orhtostatic hypotension is a common adverse reaction of which of the following drugs? – Venlafaxine – Bupropion (Wellbutrin) – Imipramine ( Tofranil) – Valporic acid (Depakote) answer – Imipramine ( Tofranil) question A health care profesisonal is […]

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ATI- Neuro 2

question A patient is to start taking amitriptyline. For which of the following should the health care provider instruct the patient to monitor and report? answer Blurred vision, urinary hesitancy, tachycardia. question Early clinical manifestations of lithium ( Lithobid) toxicity include which of the following? answer Nausea, muscle weakness. question During an assessment of a […]

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Step 1 First Aid – Neurology

question CNS/PNS origins: Neuroectoderm (gives rise to what?) answer CNS neurons Ependymal cells (inner lining of ventricles, make CSF) Oligodendrocytes Astrocytes question CNS/PNS origins: Neural Crest (gives rise to what?) answer Schwann cells PNS neurons question CNS/PNS origins: Mesoderm (gives rise to what?) answer M icroglia, like M acrophages, originate from M esoderm question Neurons […]

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neuro – mental status exam (chapter 1)

question mental status exam answer Combine the patient’s report of the current cognitions and emotions with the clinicians observation of the patient’s behavior serves as a snapshot of the patient’s current mental state tool for communication among clinicians question generating differential diagnosis answer ? question medical related etiologies answer Hypothyroidism, cancer, congestive heart failure, Addison’s […]

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Chapter 17 Neurological Emergencies

question A 30-year-old male experienced a generalized (tonic-clonic) seizure, which stopped before you arrived at the scene. The patient is conscious, is answering your questions appropriately, and refuses EMS transport. Which of the following would be the MOST compelling reason to disagree with his refusal of transport? answer He is currently not prescribed any medications […]

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Stroke, Seizure and Neuro Exam

question In a patient with a disease that affects the myelin sheath of the nerves such as multiple sclerosis, the glial cells affected are the a.microglia b.astrocytes c.ependymal cells d.oligodendrocytes answer D question Drugs or diseases the impair the function of the extrapyramidal system may cause loss of a. sensations of pain and temperature b. […]

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Theories in Neurological Physical Therapy

question Charles Sherrington (1906) – Reflex Model answer – Peripherally based – Sensory system must be intact for movement to occur – A chain of response occurs in response to sensory stimuli which produces movement Purely focuses on reflexes – does not speak to higher cortical control – only involves peripheral receptors, SC and brain […]

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OT Neurodevelopmental treatment approaches

question Roods assumptions answer -Sequence of reflex development to volunary control CNS damage -CNS damage resulted in abnormal muscle tone -Muscle tone maintained by CNS: CNS damage results in hypotonicity or hypertonicity question Rood’s treatment answer -Provide sensory stimuli to normalize muscle tone: to facilitate, use ice, brush, joint compression, quick stretch, tapping. To inhibit, […]

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PTA 252: Chp 13 Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)

question The introduction of electrical current across the skin is used to answer excite nerve or muscle tissue question There are large multipurpose units & small portable units answer IFC = clinical tx TENS = home use NMES = both question NMES is used for the purpose of improving motor performance through this (know this) […]

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neurodevelopmental therapy (NDT)

question NDT answer -referred to as Bobath approach because developed by Berta & Karel Bobath -1940s, continues to develop today -postgraduate certification (8wk ped, 3wk adult, 3wk baby) question clinical use of NDT answer -children w/ neurological deficits (CP) -adults w/ hemiplegia (stroke, TBI) question assumptions of NDT answer -models of motor control -dysfunction from […]

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