Test Answers on hematology

Review_Hematology_Questions

question Edema answer A healthcare professional is caring for a patient who has mild hemophilia A and is about to begin taking desmopressin DDAVP to prevent bleeding the healthcare professional should monitor for which of the following adverse reactions? question Aminocaproic acid (Amicar) answer A healthcare professional is caring for a patient who is about […]

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First Aid: Hematology and Oncology

question Life span of RBC answer 120 days question Source of energy for RBC answer glucose (glycolysis and HMP shunt) question Type of transporter found in the RBC membrane? answer Chloride HCO3 antiporter Allows for transport of CO2 from periphery to lungs question Define: erythrocytosis answer Polycythemia or increased hemocrit question Define: anisocytosis answer Varying […]

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Chapter 6 Hematology and Immunology

question coagulation answer blood clotting question basophil answer cell that releases histamine and heparin question monocyte answer cell that destroys dead cells, cancer cells, and other matter question neutrophil answer most common leukocyte question eosinophil answer cell that releases chemicals to destroy parasites and pollen question serum answer plasma without the clotting factors question thrombocyte […]

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Hematology / Oncology Terminology

question Analgesia answer A medication for pain relief question Alopecia answer Loss of hair question Anemia answer A low red blood cell count question Anorexia answer Loss of appetite question Benign answer An abnormal growth of tumor, not cancerous question Biologic response modifiers answer Interferon produced in the body that fight cancer naturally- immunotherapy question […]

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Hematology & Oncology mnemonics

question DIC causes answer STOP Making New Thrombi Sepsis (Gram (-)) Trauma Obstetric complications Pancreatitis Malignancy Nephrotic syndrome Transfusion question Multiple myeloma Sx answer CRAB hyperCalcemia Renal insufficiency Anemia Bone lytic lesions/Back pain

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Hematology-Oncology MKSAP/Board Review

question Aplastic Anemia answer -Bone marrow fails to produce blood cells (hypocellular bone marrow +pancytopenia) -Fanconi anemia: Congenital aplastic anemia, autosomal recessive/X-linked. Accompanied by skin defects, short stature, hypogonadism, microcephaly -Bone marrow bx for diagnosis -Association with PNH -Pts with severe aplastic anemia <40 yo should be offered HSCT. Immunosuppresion for those with less severe […]

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Kaplan Hematology and Oncology

question Erythrocyte answer Source of energy: glucose (90% anaerobically degraded to lactate, 10% to HMP shunt) membrane contains Cl-/HCO3- antiport important in PHYSIOLOGICAL CHLORIDE SHIFT which allows RBC to transport CO2 from periphery to lungs for elimination 120 day life span question anisocytosis poikilocytosis reticulocyte answer varying sizes varying shapes (poke it changes the shape) […]

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Med-Surg Oncology & Hematology

question Benign Tumors answer Cells well-differentiated; grows by expansion and does not infiltrate surrounding tissues; Rate of growth is slow; does not spread by metastasis; generally localized; does not usually cause tissue damage; does not usually cause death. question Malignant Tumors answer Cells are undifferentiated; Invades surrounding tissues; rate of growth is variable and depends […]

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Hematology/Oncology Rx

question Enoxaparin Dalteparin Tinzaparin answer *Antithrombotics: Anticoagulants* Low-molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) *Mechanism* (1) LMWH-AT complex inhibits Factor Xa >> other factors (2) Blocks action of von Willebrand factor *Indications*: DVT prophylaxis s/p hip, knee or abdominal surgery; DVT +/- PE; mgmt acute coronary syndromes *Side effects* (1) Bleeding–LMWHs don’t respond well to protamine sulfate! (2) […]

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Hematology Oncology

question Delivery of oxygen equation answer DiO2 = Cardiac Output * Hgb *%Sat question Next step (2) 1. Anterior rim/skin pallor 2. Syncope 3. Dyspnea on Exertion 4. Hgb <13 answer Anemia 1. Mean Corpuscular Volume – Micro vs. Normo vs. Macro 2. Reticulocyte Index – Production (2%) question Next step (4) 1. Anterior rim/skin […]

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VACAB QUIZ 3 – immunology, endocrinology, oncology/hematology, neurology, gastroenterology

question immunology answer immunology question autoimmune disease answer disease where a person’s immune system attacks the body’s own cells causing tissue destruction question RA answer rheumatoid arthritis question MS answer multiple sclerosis question humoral immunity answer component of the immune response involving B-cells becoming plasma cells that produce antibodies question antigen answer a substance that […]

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Hematology – NCLEX

question In a severely anemic patient, you expect to find A. dyspnea and tachycardia. B. cyanosis and pulmonary edema. C. cardiomegaly and pulmonary fibrosis. D. ventricular dysrhythmias and wheezing. answer A. dyspnea and tachycardia. Patients with severe anemia (hemoglobin <6 g/dL) exhibit the following cardiovascular and pulmonary manifestations: tachycardia, increased pulse pressure, systolic murmurs, intermittent […]

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MLT 250 Hematology Practice Exam Questions

question Each of the following samples may be used in hematology except: a. serum from a clot tube b. EDTA whole blood c. Sodium citrate whole blood d. Heparinized capillary blood answer a. serum from a clot tube question A 1:200 dilution of a patient’s sample was made and 336 red cells were counted in […]

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Hematology Study Guide

question Describe the 3 functions of blood (transportation, regulation, and protection) and provide examples of each. answer a. Transportation: gases, nutrients, hormones, waste products b. Regulation: pH, body temperature, osmotic pressure c. Protection: clotting, white blood cells, proteins question Describe the physical characteristics and principal components of blood. answer a. Blood plasma: 1. 91.5% water, […]

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Test Answers on Hematology

question What type of tissue is blood? answer connective question What are the three main functions of blood? answer transportation, regulation, protection question What are the protection factors of blood? answer WBCs and clotting factor question What hormone in males stimulates erythropoesis? (this explains why males have a higher hematocrit than females) answer testosterone question […]

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Hematology

question Hemoglobin answer This molecule transports oxygen from the capillary beds of the lungs to the body tissues question Oxygen saturation answer The ratio of oxygen bound to hemoglobin Measured with a pulse oximeter question 2,3 DPG answer This enzyme stimulates oxygen release from hemoglobin when blood pH is low (hypoxic/acidotic). question Carboxyhemaglobin answer Hemoglobin […]

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Hematology/immune kaplan

question 1 answer The client diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. question 2 answer Give the patient simple direction. question 3 answer Live and onions, spinach, and rice pudding with raisins. question 4 answer Ratio of red blood cells to fluid volume. question 5 answer Give the child a mask to wear when visiting patient. question 6 […]

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Immune/ hematology KAPLAN A

question The LVN cares for an 88 year old client with a serum hemoglobin of 8 gm/dL Which should the LVN expect the client to report answer Periods of dizziness and headache Rationale: -dizziness -headache -confusion and decreased mental alertness may occur due to decreased oxygen delivery to the brain question The LVN observes the […]

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Hematology and Immunology – prefixes, combining forms, and suffixes

question a- answer away from, without question aden/o answer gland question agglutin/o answer clumping, sticking question aggreg/o answer crowding together question -al answer pertaining to question an- answer without, not question angi/o answer blood vessel; lymphatic vessel question anis/o answer unequal question -ant answer pertaining to question anti- answer against question apher/o answer withdrawal question […]

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COMMON HEMATOLOGY ABBREVIATIONS

question ABO answer classification of 4 blood groups question ADH answer antidiuretic Hormone (constrics blood vessels) question AFP answer alpha- fetoprotein (down syndrome/spina bifida) question ALP; alk phos answer alkaline phosphatase question ANA answer antinuclear antibody question ASA answer acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) question BUN answer blood urea nitrogen (kidney function) question Ca answer calcium (bone […]

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ASCP Hematology Review

question Name the locations of active marrow in adults: answer sternum, skull, ribs, pelvis, vertebrae question Where does hematopoiesis take place during the first 2 months of gestation? answer yolk sac question Where does the majority of hematopoiesis take place during the 2nd through 7th month of gestation? answer spleen question When does the bone […]

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