Test Answers on Genetics Flashcards

Genetics Sentence Correction and Matching

heredity the study of the inheritance of traits dominant/dominance when one gene expresses itself over another (the former gene)/one gene masking another’s expression phenotype your behavior and physical appearance /physical characteristics of an organism genotype the genes that you are carrying in your cells/genetic makeup of an organism replication the process by which a chromosome […]

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DNA Webquest: A self guided introduction to basic genetics

Every living thing needs a set of instructions that are necessary to live and grow. Where are these instructions found? DNA What does DNA encode? protein DNA is an abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid The twisted ladder shape of DNA is called double helix We have 26 letters in our alphabet. How many letters does DNA […]

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Genetics Chapter 1

What is gene therapy? the direct alternation of genes to treat human diseases What is evolution? genetic change taking place through time What do all living organisms have in common? they all use similar genetic systems What is a genome? a complete set of genetic instructions for any organism and all genomes are encoded in […]

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A&P Chapter 25: Genetics

Genetics The scientific study of inheritance and human diseases Gene therapy Treating fatal inherited disorders informtion in the genetic code can cause what? Diseases BRCA gene tests for Breast or ovarian cancer BRCA1 and BRCA2 They are somewhere on DNA that makes a protein ALS Gentic test look for SOD1 on Chromosome 21 (found in […]

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10th grade biology Genetics and Heredity Review

What are alleles? One of a number of different forms of a gene List the 4 basic principles of genetics that Mendel discovered in his experiments. Briefly describe each one. What is probability? How does probability relate to genetics? The likelihood that a particular event will occur In pea plants, the alleles for yellow seeds […]

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BIO 100 Unit 2 – Genetics

Cell Division Reproduction of a cell; Two “daughter” cells that result are genetically identical to each other and to the original “parent” cell. Chromosomes Structures that contain most of the cell’s DNA. Asexual Reproduction Does not involve fertilization of the egg by sperm; offspring are genetic duplicates of their single parent Sexual Reproduction Requires fertilization […]

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Genetics Test Questions

gene sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait trait specific characteristic that varies from one individual to another gene expression the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product (typically a protein) gene regulation a process in which a cell […]

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Genetics – Genetics

Nucleolus Where rRNA is synthesized and early stages of ribosomal assumbly occur Nucleolar organizer regions Nucleoli form around these areas of DNA that code for RNA Nucleoid region In bacteria, there is no distinct nucleus but there is this region which contains circular DNA molecule Heterochromatin Densely packed, genes are inert, found mainly around the […]

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Probability and Genetics

Trait a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes Heredity the passing of traits from parents to offspring Genetics the scientific study of heredity Purebred an organism that always produces offspring with the same form of a trait as the parent Gene a segment of DNA on a chromosome […]

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Genetics Flashcard

Allele A variation of a gene’s nucleotide sequence (an alternative form of a gene). Biotechnology Any procedure or methodology that uses biological systems or living organisms to develop or modify either products or processes for specific use. This term is commonly associated with genetic engineering, which is one of many applications. Chromosomal Mutation A change […]

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Genetics chp 1-3

translational medicine genetic findings are directly translated into new and improved methods of diagnosis and treament The theory of epigenesis states that adult structures in the organism develop de novo from substances present in the egg In many species, there are two representatives of each chromosome. In such species, the characteristic number of chromosomes is […]

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Genetics List

Traits DEFINITION: variation of a particular inherited character EXAMPLE: brown hair, blue eyes SENTENCE: The girl had blue eyes, which was a trait inherited from her father. Heredity DEFINITION: the biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next EXAMPLE: the likely hood someone will have blue eyes SENTENCE: Unfortunately fear […]

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Genetics – Chapter 11-1 Questions

The Austrian monk whose experiments with pea plants were the beginning of our understanding of genetics was… Gregor Mendel The different alternatives or choices for a gene (like blue, green, or brown eyes) are called… Alleles Cross organisms from the F1 generation produces the _____ generation. F2 Crossing organisms from the P1 generation produces the […]

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general biology-genetics

heredity the transmission of traits from one generation to the next cross fertilization fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant true breeding term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if allowed to self-pollinate hybrids the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits P generation parental generation, the […]

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DAT Biology – Genetics

multiplication rule – used to determine the probability of two or more independent events occuring together; multiple prob of each event together gene – the genetic material on a chromosome that contains the instructions for creating a particular trait; codes for a trait, i.e genes that code for flower colour allele – one of the […]

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biology eoc review – Mechanisms of Genetics

asexual reproduction Offspring’s genes come from 1 parent sexual reproduction Offspring’s genes come from 2 parents via each parent’s gamete; results in greater genetic variation compared to asexual reproduction gamete Reproductive cell that has half the number of chromosomes as parent cell (egg is female gamete, sperm is male gamete) meiosis Two-staged cell division process […]

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genetics test studyguide

the study of how traits are (blanked) through the interactions of alleles. inherited when did the study of genetics start in the 1850’s who was the first scientist to study and record how traits pass from one generation to the next. Gregor Mendel what was he considered? The father of genetics Passing traits from parent […]

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USMLE Genetics

What are the three things a USMLE question about genetics will ask you to do using a pedigree? Recognize a mode of inheritance Predict the recurrence risk of a disease, say in an unborn child Identify an OBLIGATE carrier for disease How do you determine the probability of an unborn child being affected by an […]

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Genetics – Genetics

genotype Genetic makeup: the genetic makeup of an organism, as opposed to its physical characteristics phenotype what type of genotype do you have? Phenotype visible characteristics of organism: the visible characteristics of an organism resulting from the interaction between its genetic makeup and the environment everyones phenotype is different. . Dominant trait a trait that […]

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Genetics Terms

Heredity The passing of traits from parents to offspring. Gene A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait. Allele An alternative form of a gene. Chromosome A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA, protein, and RNA found in cells. It is a single piece of coiled DNA containing many […]

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AP Biology: Genetics

Gregor Mendel Austrian monk who conducted a quantitative study of inheritance using garden peas Why garden peas? alternate traits, true breeders, small and easy to grow, fertilization How did Mendel conduct his experiments? *1.* allowed plants to self fertilize for several generations- produced true breeders *2.* crossed true breeders *3.* allowed F1 generation to self […]

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