Test Answers on epidemiology

Epidemiology 101

Odds Ratio Measure of association between frequency of exposure and frequency of outcome used in a case-control study (ad)/(bc) Ecologic Studies A study in which the units of analysis are populations or groups of people rather than individuals Attributable Risk a measure of risk differences -In a cohort study, it refers to the difference between […]

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Epidemiology ch. 8

Experimental Study Researchers evaluate the effects of an assigned intervention on an outcome; the investigators intervene in the study by influencing the exposure of the study subjects. With the exception of the Experimental study all study designs are… Observational. Experimental Studies are the Most Useful for establishing… cause effect relationships and for evaluating the efficacy […]

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Epidemiology Activities

Question 1 1.33333333333333 pts In a research study, neither the participants nor the study coordinator knew which medication they were assigned. What kind of blinding was used in this study? In a research study, neither the participants nor the study coordinator knew which medication they were assigned. What kind of blinding was used in this […]

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Experimental Studies in Epidemiology (ch8)

Observational Study (209) Researchers observe events for individuals in the study without altering them. Past experience, lifestyle, personal behaviors, training, immunization levels, exposure to risk factors, and environmental factors all impact the state of health and susceptibility to illness of individuals in groups and are beyond the influence of the investigator. Associations are observed, not […]

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Epidemiology Quiz 2: Terms, Book Q’s, & Lecture Review Q’s

question Reproductive rate of the virus: for every person that gets sick, how many people are they likely to infect answer What is R-nought? (Hint: this was in the movie) question MEV-1 virus answer What was the name of the virus in “The Contagion” question transmission from touching surfaces: touch your face, elevator, doorknobs, etc […]

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Epidemiology Test 2

question Types of epidemiologic studies answer Observational and Experimental question Examples of Observational studies are answer Case control Cohort studies question Examples of Experimental studies answer Randomized trials question What is one objective of epidemiology answer To evaluate treatment and prevention measures question Randomized trials are also called answer Randomized Clinical Trials RCT question What […]

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Osu Introduction to Epidemiology 2410 Exam 2

question Koch-Henle Postulates Infectious Disease Etiologoy answer Microorganism must be present in every case Microoganism must be isolated and grown in pure culture Innoculation of microorganism into susceptible host must reproduce disease Microorganism must be observed and recovered question Consistency of independent investigations Criteria of Judgment Sir Bradford Hill (1964) answer Strength of association (Dose […]

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Introduction to Epidemiology Test #1

question epidemiology answer the study of the occurrence and distribution of health-related states or events in specified populations, including the study of the determinants influencing such state, and the application of this knowledge to control the health problems question scopes of epidemiology answer description of the disease pattern, search of causes, practical applications question distribution, […]

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Epidemiology – Quiz 2

question Define : association: answer statistical dependence between 2 or more events, characteristics of other variables question Cite the difference between causation and association: answer question Define/title of following image: answer web of causation question What is a graphic, or representation of complex sets of events or conditions caused by an array of activities connected […]

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Epidemiology Chapter 1-2

question analytic epidemiology answer examines causal(etiologic) hypotheses regarding the association between exposures and health conditions question descriptive epidemiology answer refers to epidemiologic studies concerned with characterizing the amount and distribution of health and diseases within a population question determinants answer any factor that brings about change in health condition or other defined characteristic question distribution […]

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Epidemiology exam 1

question Hippocrates answer He departed from the belief that disease was due to supernatural causes. He suggested that environmental factors like water quality and air quality had implications on health. But he did not pinpoint agents. question John Graunt answer Published a book with descriptive data on birth and death (season variations, infant mortality, and […]

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Epidemiology Lecture 7-8 – Confounding and Control of Confounding

question Confounding answer Addresses the interpretation of observational data – The presence of confounding weakens the case for a CAUSAL relationship between exposure and outcome – May be multiple confounding factors question Confounding Example answer Laparoscopic splenectomy patients actually had lower post-op mortality compared to open splenectomy patients However, laparoscopic splenectomy patients also more likely […]

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Epidemiology 101 Chapter 1

question Epidemiology answer Concerned with the distribution and determinants of health and diseases, morbidity, injuries, disability, and mortality in populations. Epidemiologic studies are applied to the control of health problems in populations. question Epidemic answer Occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness, specific health-related behavior, or other health-related events clearly in […]

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Epidemiology Test Questions

question Presence and multiplication of another organism usually a microbe in the body of the host answer Colonization question A _ is an organism capable of supporting the nutritional and physical growth requirements of another answer host question One organism, the host, is injured through the activities of the other, the parasite answer Parasitism question […]

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Friis Epidemiology 101 Chapters 1-6 & 8

question Define the Term “Epidemiology” answer Epidemiology is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health and diseases, morbidity, injuries, disability, and mortality in populations. Epidemiology studies are applied to the control of health problems in populations. question Describe two ways in which epidemiology may be considered a liberal arts discipline answer Skills acquired through […]

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Chapter 7- Analytic Epidemiology

question Why is analytic epidemiology important to society? answer analytic studies lead to the prevention of disease question Framingham Study answer contributed to our understanding of risk factors associated with coronary heart disease, which has lead to a reduction in morbidity and mortality from CHD question What is the difference between analytic and descriptive epidemiology? […]

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EPIDEMIOLOGY T4

question Frequency measures are used to answer describe nominal (categorized/labeled) data question many epidemiological nominal variables have ? categories answer two; alive/dead, case/control, exposed/not exposed dichotomous variables question used with dichotomous variables are answer ratios, proportions, rates question frequency measures are based on single formula answer (x/y)(10^n) question what are being compared in frequency measures […]

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Epidemiology Methods I

question Epidemiology Methods answer Epidemiologic methods are the concepts, frameworks, tools, and techniques used in contemporaneous epidemiological research and practice question Epidemiology answer The study of the occurrence and distribution of health-related states or events in specified populations, including the study of determinants influencing such states, and the application of this knowledge to control the […]

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Physical Activity Epidemiology Test 1

question physical activity answer bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expended question exercise answer planned, structured, and repetitive; results in improvement or maintenance of one or more areas of physical fitness question epidemiology answer the study of the distribution and determinants of health related states or events in specified populations and […]

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Epidemiology 1

question Public Health answer “Organized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion of health.” question Epidemiology answer “The study of the distribution and the determinants of health-related states and events in populations, and the application of this study to control health problems.” -The study of health and disease in the populations. […]

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Field Epidemiology

question Field Epidemiology (252) answer Has been defined as the application of epidemiology under a set of general conditions. The problem is unexpected, a timely response may be demanded, the intervention of epidemiologists and their presence in the field are required to solve the problem, and the investigation time is likely to be limited because […]

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