Test Answers on endocrine system

the brain, The Cerebrum, Functions of the Endocrine System

question The __________ communicates with the cerebrum. answer thalamus question Regulating basic biological needs is a function of the __________. answer hypothalamus question The __________ is the main input center for most sensory information. answer thalamus question A large number of dopamine-releasing neurons are found in the __________. answer midbrain question Describe what the processes […]

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ATI – Endocrine System

question When talking with a patient who is about to begin exenatide (Byetta) therapy to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? (Select all that apply) answer 1. Inject the drug subcutaneously 2.Expect the peak effect in two hours 3. Use the drug as a supplement […]

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ATI The Endocrine System

question DRILL 1: You are caring for a patient who is taking *exenatide (Byetta)* to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. The patient *reports severe abdominal pain*. You *suspect* which of the following *adverse reactions* to this medication? A. peptic ulcer disease b. hyperkalemia c. hyperglycemia d. pancreatitis answer *d. Pancreatitis* Exenatide, an incretin mimetic agent, […]

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Endocrine Disorders Adaptive Quizzing (Evolve)

question A nurse is caring for a patient who underwent subtotal thyroidectomy because of the overproduction and release of thyroid hormone. Postoperative nursing interventions are important to prevent complications after surgery. Which nursing interventions should the nurse implement for safe, effective care? Select all that apply. 1 Monitor vital signs and potassium levels. 2 Control […]

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NCLEX practice questions Endocrine disorders

question When thyroid hormone is administered for prolonged hypothyroidism for a patient, what should the nurse monitor for? a. angina b. depression c. mental confusion d. hypoglycemia answer A. angina question A patient comes to the clinic with complaints of severe thirst. The patient has been drinking up to 10L of cold water a day, […]

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ATI PHARM : THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

question When talking to a patient who is about to begin glipizide (Glucotrol) therapy to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? answer AVOID ALCOHOL Alcohol can interact with glipizide (sulfonylurea) it causes a reaction that is similar to disulfiram. Alchhol also increases the drug’s hypoglycemic […]

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Evolve: Endocrine

question A client newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes is taught to exercise on a regular basis. What is the primary reason for instruction on exercise? answer To improve the cellular uptake of glucose Exercise increases the metabolic rate, and glucose is needed for cellular metabolism; therefore, excess glucose is consumed during exercise. Regular vigorous […]

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Ch18 – Endocrine System

question Addison disease answer Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex; decreased secretion of aldosterone and cortisol. Causes malaise, weakness and muscle atrophy, loss of fluids and electrolytes; due to autoimmune adrenalitis; treatment cortisone and salts or synthetic aldosterone question Adenectomy answer Removal of a gland. question Adenohypophysis answer Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Hormones: GH, […]

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Medical Term chap 18 Endocrine System

question What is the function of the thyroid gland? answer secretes thyroxine question What is another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland? answer Adenohypophysis question Which of the following secretes cortisol? answer adrenal cortex question Which is a hormone secreted by the pancreas? answer insulin question Which hormone regulates calcium in the […]

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Endocrine Path Lab – PICTURES

question Multinodular goiter answer Multinodular goiters can get to be quite large (up to 100x normal wt.). In addition to being a cosmetic problem, large multinodular goiters can cause problems due to mass effects, with compression of the larynx & trachea causing airway obstruction and compression of the esophagus causing dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). Goiters are […]

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Intro. to Endocrinology

Endocrine Gland a ductless glad that secretes hormones directly into the blood stream. Endocrine Hormone a chemical substance produced by an endocrine gland, once released they bind to a target organ cell. Exocrine Gland secretes its product via a duct onto laminal surface Target Organ/Cells cell having a specific receptor that reacts with a specific […]

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The Endocrine System – PME

question A patient who is taking metformin (Glucophage) to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus plans to undergo angiography using iodine-containing contrast dye. The health care professional should recognize that an interaction between metformin and the IV contrast dye can increase the patient’s risk for which of the following? Hypokalemia Metformin, a biguanide, is unlikely to […]

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The endocrine system – ATI PHARM

question When talking with a patient who is about to begin exenatide (Byetta) therapy to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? (Select all that apply) A.) Inject the drug subcutaneously B.) Expect the peak effect in 2 hr C.) Use the drug as a supplement […]

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Endocrine Med-Surg

question The charge nurse on the medical-surgical unit is making client assignments for the shift. Which client will be the most appropriate to assign to an LPN/LVN? answer Client with Cushing’s syndrome who requires orthostatic vital signs assessments Correct: An LPN/LVN will be familiar with Cushing’s syndrome and the method for assessment of orthostatic vital […]

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Exam 3 Intro to Endocrinology, Hypothalamus, & Pituitary

What do the endocrine glands produce and secrete? Hormones How do hormones travel in the body? Bloodstream Where do hormones travel to in the body? Targets specific tissue/organ/gland Define Tropic Hormone Causes its target cell to secrete its own specific hormone Define Effector Hormone Causes a direct effect on the target tissue 5 Functions of […]

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Chapter 16 Endocrine System

question pituitary gland or hypophysis cerebri answer approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of the brain; divided into two lobes; often referred to as the master gland because it produces hormones that stimulate the function of other endocrine glands question anterior lobe or adenohypophysis answer produces and secretes growth, adrenocorticotropic, […]

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MedTerm – Endocrine System

question The endocrine gland that is approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of the brain is the answer pituitary question Hormones are distributed through the body by answer the blood question The hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex is answer adrenocorticotropic hormone question The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland […]

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MDSC Chapter 16 – Endocrine System

question The largest endocrine gland is the answer thyroid gland question the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is also called the answer adenohypophysis question the hypothalamus is answer located near the pituitary gland question The islets of Langerhans are answer clusters of endocrine tissue found throughout the pancrease question the hormone that stimulates the […]

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Class 2: Endocrine Disorders

question hyperthyroidism s/s answer intolerance to heat, fine-straight hair, bulging eyes, facial flushing, enlarged thyroid, tachycardia, atrial fibrilation, increased SBP, gynecomastia, weight loss, muscle wasting, menstrual changes (amenorrhea), localized edema, increased diarrhea, tremors, finger clubbing, increased tissue sensitivity to stimulation by SNS, increased metabolism, insomnia, mood swings, delirium, inability to concentrate, decreased libido, increased sensitivity […]

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Endocrine Medications

question Thyroid Hormones answer Thyroxine (T4) Triiodothyronine (T3) Calcitonin question Thyroid Function answer Control the rates of cellular metabolism Required for normal growth and development, critical for brain and skeletal development regulates the body’s metabolism, increases the rate of glucose, fat, protein metabolism in many tissues increasing body temp question Hypothyroidism answer Decrease in thyroid […]

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DI and SIADH – Endocrine

question 3. A 30-year-old patient seen in the emergency department for severe headache and acute confusion is found to have a serum sodium level of 118 mEq/L. The nurse will anticipate the need for which diagnostic test? a. Urinary 17-ketosteroids b. Antidiuretic hormone level c. Growth hormone stimulation test d. Adrenocorticotropic hormone level answer ANS: […]

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