Test Answers on disease

Diabetic Endocrine

Diabetes is MOST accurately defined as a Disorder of carbohydrate metabolism Type 1 Diabetes A condition in which the body produces no insulin Patients with type 2 diabetes usually control their disease with all of the following, EXCEPT: A)supplemental insulin. B)diet and exercise. C)glyburide (Micronase). D)tolbutamide (Orinase). Supplemental insulin Glipizide, a non-insulin-type medication, is another […]

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Care of Patients with Acute Renal Failure and Chronic Kidney Disease

Which statement regarding the pathophysiologic process of acute renal failure is true? A. Acute renal failure can result from conditions that cause inadequate kidney perfusion. B. Acute renal failure begins with a gradual process of decreased renal function. C. Acute renal failure results in damage to 90% to 95% of nephrons. D. Acute renal failure […]

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Chronic Kidney Disease

when is world kidney day 08 March 2012 Progressive azotemia over months to years Symptoms and signs of uremia when nearing end-stage disease Hypertension in majority Isosthenuria and broad, waxy casts in urinary sediment are common Bilateral small kidneys on US (unless PKD) Essentials of Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease `National Kidney Foundation (NKF) defines […]

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DMS 176 – Metastatic Disease in the Liver, Portal Vein Gas, Pneumobilia and Granulomas

form of malignancy in the liver Metastatic disease in the liver is the most common _________ GI tract, breast, colon and lung Metastatic disease in the liver most commonly arises from what organs (in decreasing order)? varies depending on origin of the malignancy What is the sonographic appearance of liver metastases? hypoechoic What is the […]

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chapter 24: sexually transmitted diseases and hiv/aids

asymptomatic showing no symptoms or only mild symptoms that disappear after the onset of an infection transmit to send from one person or place to another sexually transmitted diseases diseases that spread from person to person through sexual contact sexually transmitted infections another name for sexually transmitted diseases Identify two factors that cause STDs and […]

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Case study – cervical cancer (CXCA)

Diagnosis (cxca) Pap smear: detects abnormal cells on surface of cervix or within endocervix (does not make diagnosis). Is a screening test. Follow up with biopsy to confirm diagnosis. Pathology 1 (cxca) – The earliest histologic change is minimal cervical dysplasia – thickening of the epithelium with moderate loss of differentiation – abnormal cell proliferation […]

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HESI- Evolve Case Study Parkinson’s Disease

1. d 2. d 3. c 4. b 5. a 6. d 7. b 8. c 9. c 10. b 11. b 12. b 13. b 14. c 15. b 16. d 17. a 18. d 19. ad 20. a 21. b 22. c 23. b 24. c 25. ac 26. d 27. a 28. […]

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Pulmonary Diseases II

Chronic Bronchitis Excerssive mucas production (starts in the upper-moves lower) Hyperplasma & hypertrophy mucus-producing glands prolonged exposure to irritants Chronic Bronchitis Diagnosis   Cought Sputum Effect on the alveoli Normal diffusion open to infection Chronic Bronchitis SxS Dyspnea w/ airway resistance Productive cough Rhonchi (Rhonchi in the Bronchi) Peripheral edema (R sided HF-goes into lungs […]

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Chapter 8 Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease and Huntington’s Disease

question Parkinson’s Disease answer A progressive disorder of the nervous system involving degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the basal ganglia and nigrostriatal pathways in the brain (Pseudoparkinsonism is a drug induced condition that resembles Parkinson’s disease) question Facts about Parkinson’s Disease answer About 1 to 1.5 million American’s have Parkinson’s disease, the average age at […]

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HESI RN Case Studies-Breast Cancer (unfinished)

question What is the best response by the nurse? answer “Select whatever day you can best remember…” question What instructions should the nurse provide? answer “When lying down, your arm…” question How should the nurse respond? answer “The combination of yearly CBE and monthly BSE…” question What intervention should the nurse implement first? answer Teach […]

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Nutrition and Cancer

question For cancer prevention which of the following dietary components should be limited answer Cured meats question All of the following forms of cancer are related to excessive calorie intake except answer Lung cancer question American Institute for Cancer research recommendations for cancer prevention include all the following except answer Increase consumption a red meats

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Prep-U Cancer

question A client seeks care for hoarseness that has lasted for 1 month. To elicit the most appropriate information about this problem, the nurse should ask which question? answer Answer: “Do you smoke cigarettes, cigars, or a pipe?” Rationale: persistent hoarseness may signal throat cancer, which is commonly associated with tobacco use. To asses the […]

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Chapter 14: Mutation, DNA Repair, and Cancer

question Sickle-cell anemia is a human disease that occurs as a result of what type of mutation in the b-globin gene? silent missense nonsense frameshift sense answer missense question What would result from a single nucleotide deletion (point mutation) within the coding sequence of a structural gene? a silent point mutation with no deleterious effects […]

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Lung Cancer HESI Case Study

question What important education should the nurse provide to the client related to this medication? (Select all the apply.) answer “Take medication on an empty stomach.” “Do not take antacids while on this medication.” “The medication may cause some abdominal discomfort and diarrhea.” question What herbal supplement does the nurse anticipate Mr. Stringfellow will use […]

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The Eukaryotic Cell Cycle and Cancer Overview

question Why is cell division important for unicellular organisms? answer they reproduce through cell division question Why is cell division important for multicellular organisms? answer they need cell division to grow and replace dead or damaged cells question Why does cell division remain important to an adult organism even after it is fully developed? answer […]

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Medical Terminology Chapter 19 Cancer

question cystic answer forming large open spaces filled with fluid question fungating answer mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one on top of another and project from a tissue surface question inflammatory answer having the features of inflammation (redness, swelling, and heat) question medullary answer pertaining to large, soft, fleshy, tumors question […]

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Chapter 19: Cancer Medicine

question Oncology answer the study (-logy) of diagnosis and treatment of tumors (onc/o) question tumor, or neoplasm answer a mass or growth that arises from normal tissue question benign tumor answer not cancerous. It grows slowly and does not spread to other sites. question malignant answer cancerous, tumor is characterized by continuous and often fast […]

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Chapter 5 Diseases and Disorders of the Eye and Ear

question Diagnostic findings for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo answer the sensation of the room spinning and lack of coordination. nystagmus. decreased hearing. question Infection or inflammation in the semicircular canals is called answer labyrinthitis. question Symptoms of neoplasms of the ear commonly answer progressive hearing loss and discharge from the ear. a visible mass or […]

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Essentials of Human Disease Chapter 3 quiz

question When the immune system reacts appropriately to an antigen and homeostasis is maintained, this is termed answer immunocompetence question Acquired immunity that results when a person has a disease is answer active question Immunoglobulins that provide the ability to recognize foreign organisms stimulating the antigen-antibody reaction are called answer B cells question The group […]

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Essentials of Human Disease, Test 1

question A chronic disease of the immune system that attacks the thyroid gland and causes goiter is called? answer Hashimoto thyroiditis question Hyaline membrane disease refers to answer infant respiratory distress syndrome question A chronic, progressive, systemic autoimmune disease of the skin that is characterized by hardening and shrinking of the skin is answer systemic […]

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Human Diseases Quiz 3

question How is urge incontinence different from stress incontinence? answer Urge incontinence is caused from an abnormal bladder contraction. Stress incontinence is caused from weak pelvic floor muscles. question Why is cystitis more common in females? answer Females have short, wide and adjacent to areas w/ resident flora question Patient has a malignant tumor of […]

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