Test Answers on diabetes

Diabetes – Medical Nutrition Therapy

question Diabetes answer Metabolic disorder characterized by High Blood Glucose levels and disordered insulin metabolism. question Absence of insulin, insufficient insulin, resistance to insulin answer 3 Characteristics of Diabetes question Insulin answer pancreatic hormone that unlocks the cell door that lets the sugar inside, where it is burned for energy question Builds up in the […]

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Medical nutrition therapy and diabetes mellitus

question What is Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)? answer 1. *assessment* of the patient’s nutrition and diabetes self-management knowledge and skills 2. identification and negotiation of individually designed nutrition *goals* 3. nutrition *intervention* involving careful match of both a meal-planning approach and educational materials to the patient’s needs, with flexibility to encourage implementation by the patient […]

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Chapter 57: Drugs for Diabetes

question The nurse is reviewing the lab results and nursing care plan of a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The nurse notes the patient’s glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is 10%. The nurse should make which addition to the nursing care plan? answer Refer the patient to a diabetes educator because the result reflects poor […]

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Diabetes Medications

question What drugs are Sulfonylureas? answer 1st generation: chlorpropamide (Diabinese) 2nd generation: More potent at lower doses glyburide (Diabeta,Glynase, Micronase) Glipizide(Glucotrol) 3rd generation: glimepiride (Amaryl) question What do Sulfonylureas do? answer Stimulates secretion of insulin by beta cells & increases sensitivity of receptor cell sites to insulin question How do you administer Sulfonylureas? answer With […]

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NCLEX Style Practice Questions – MedSurg DIABETES

question The nurse is educating a pregnant client who has gestational diabetes. Which of the following statements should the nurse make to the client? Select all that apply. a. Cakes, candies, cookies, and regular soft drinks should be avoided. b. Gestational diabetes increases the risk that the mother will develop diabetes later in life. c. […]

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ATI: Chapter 83 Diabetes Mellitus Managment

question Diabetes mellitus is characterized by chornic ____ due to inadequate insul secretion and or the effectiveness of endogenous insulin (insulin resistance) answer hyperglycemia question Diabetes mellitus is a contributing factor to the development of ____, ___, ____, ___, ___, ___, and ____ (7) as individuals age answer cardiovascular disease hypertension kidney disease neuropathy retinopathy […]

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Diabetes NCLEX questions

question “1. A patient with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus asks the nurse what “”type 2″” means in relation to diabetes. The nurse explains to the patient that type 2 diabetes differs from type 1 diabetes primarily in that with type 2 diabetes a. the pt is totally dependent on an outside source of […]

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Diabetes Care Plan: Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements

question Nursing Diagnosis Imbalanced Nutrition answer Less Than Body Requirements question May be related to answer Insulin deficiency (decreased uptake and utilization of glucose by the tissues, resulting in increased protein/fat metabolism) Decreased oral intake: anorexia, nausea, gastric fullness, abdominal pain; altered consciousness Hypermetabolic state: release of stress hormones (e.g., epinephrine, cortisol, and growth hormone), […]

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Care of Patient’s with Diabetes Mellitus

question Discuss nursing Interventions for safe and effective care in patients and their families with diabetes mellitus answer Health care team approach -nutritional interventions -blood glucose monitoring -planned exercise -oral agents or insulin to lower blood glucose, Type 1 DM can only be controlled with insulin question describe the pathophysiology of diabetes, and classification systems […]

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Lewis Med Surg -Diabetes NCLEX Review Practice Questions

question A 54-year-old patient admitted with type 2 diabetes asks the nurse what “type 2” means. What is the most appropriate response by the nurse? A. “With type 2 diabetes, the body of the pancreas becomes inflamed.” B. “With type 2 diabetes, insulin secretion is decreased, and insulin resistance is increased.” C. “With type 2 […]

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diabetes – Chemistry

what is diabetes? a group of metabolic disorders that affect the eye, kidney, nervous system and micro/macro vascular system any cell that uses ____ will be affected by diabetes glucose type I diabetes affects who more commonly? what else can it be called? what HLA types are associated? young caucasians are more at risk, (skips […]

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ATI diabetes

question a nurse is preparing a teaching plan for a client who has just found out she has type 2 diabetes mellitus. What is the nurse’s priority in preparing for this plan? answer Determine what the client knows about managing her diabetes question a nurse is interviewing a female client who is Hispanic. The client’s […]

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Diabetes mellitus type 1 BUILD MINDMAP + HEAD TO TOE

question Overview answer Multisystem chronic disease of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism, resulting in hyperglycemia Caused by pancreatic insufficiency (deficiency) of insulin production because of autoimmune destruction of the beta cells Long-term medical attention required to limit end-organ complications (such as accelerated atherosclerosis, neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy) Lifelong insulin therapy required question Overview-Pathophysiology answer Autoimmunity […]

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Diabetes and Endocrine Disorders

question A client is brought to the emergency department in an unresponsive state, and a diagnosis of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS) is made. The nurse would immediately prepare to initiate which of the following anticipated physician’s prescriptions? 1. Endotracheal intubation 2. 100 units of NPH insulin 3. Intravenous infusion of normal saline 4. Intravenous […]

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Diabetes Drugs (Sketchy Medical)

question Metformin (Biguanide) answer First Line drug for DM II question Metformin (Biguanide) answer MOA: Modulates enzyme activity in the liver –> inhibiting gluconeogenesis Effects: decreases serum glucose, decreased intestinal glucose absorption, and increased peripheral uptake; increases insulin sensitivity question Metformin (Biguanide) answer S/E: lactic acidosis esp in renal failure Benefit: moderate weight loss in […]

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ATI child chapter 33 diabetes mellitus

question Diabetes is a contributing factor for what other medical conditions answer Cardiovascular disease, HTN, renal failure, blindness, and stroke as individual ages question What predisposes a person to type I diabetes answer Genetics, Toxins and viruses destroyed beta cells question What predisposes a person to type 2 diabetes answer Genetics and obesity,physical inactivity, high […]

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ATI Diabetes Test Questions

question A nurse is assessing a client who has diabetes mellitus and is experiencing foot pain. Which of the following are signs and symptoms of an infection? (Select all that apply). answer – Increased neutrophils – Localized edema question A nurse is talking with a client who has type 2 diabetes mellitus that has responded […]

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Case Study 3: Diabetes Insipidus

question Inexpensive tests for frequency urination patient? answer Checking hormones levels – problems with pituitary or adrenal gland Blood test to check for hormone levels Measure urination quantity Physical exam for hydration status, checking blood pressure Perform a prostate examination Giardia does not cause increased urination, may be due to excessive consumption of water Have […]

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Diabetes Study Guide

question a hormone produced by the beta cells in the islets of langerhans of the pancreas answer insulin question normal blood sugar answer 70-120 mg/dl question Insulin promotes _______ transport from the bloodstream across the cell membrane to the cytoplasm of the ______ answer glucose, cell question Age of onset for type 1 diabetes answer […]

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Diabetes Type 1 HESI

question What is the mechanism that results in Kussmaul respirations? answer To compensate for metabolic acidosis, the respirations are deep and rapid question To achieve the goal of restoring Lara’s fluid volume, the nurse would expect to implement which intervention? answer Maintain an infusion of normal saline solution question To restore Lara’s blood glucose to […]

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Evolve Gestational Diabetes Case Study

question What is GTPAL? answer Gravidity [G] is defined as the number of times pregnant, including the current pregnancy. Term [T] is defined as any birth after the end of the 37th week, and preterm [P] refers to any births between 20 and 37 weeks. Both term and preterm describe live born and stillborn infants. […]

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