Test Answers on cultural anthropology

Cultural Anthropology Chapters 9 & 10

postpartum sex taboo the rule that a husband and wife must abstain from any sexual activity for a period of time after the birth of a child incest taboo the prohibition of sexual intimacy between people defined as close relatives kibbutz a communal farm or settlement in Israel role ambiguity confusion about how one is […]

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AN 101 Cultural Anthropology BU

Anthropology the study of human nature, human society, and the human past. holism a characteristic of the anthropological perspective that describes, at the highest and most inclusive level, how anthropology tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities. comparison a characteristic of the anthropological perspective that requires anthropologists to consider […]

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Cultural Anthropology Final- Short Answers

What are the 5 adaptive strategies in Cohen’s typology of societies? Discuss how Cohen links economy and social features adaptive strategy (Cohen): a society’s main system of economic production. 5 adaptive strategies: -*foraging* -reliance on nature to make living -specific foraging techniques reflect variations in environment and resource distribution -partially dependent on food production or […]

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Cultural Anthropology 2

status People who interact in society do so not as unique individuals but as incumbents of publicly recognized social positions. society Human interdependence means that we cannot survive as lone individuals but need to live with others. role A bundle of rights and obligations appropriate for occupants of the status in question. parent Kinship status, […]

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Ch. 10 Cultural Anthropology

Kinship is a system of social organization between people who are or are held to be biologically related or who are given the status of relatives by marriage, adoption, or other ritual ________ is the most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and categories Kinship Some form of kinship organization based on […]

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Cultural Anthropology – Chapter 9 Test (6th ed)

The CO-MADRES organization demonstrates that A. organizations with political motives are dominated by male leaders in Latin America. B. the key issue uniting women in this case is the provision of food and basic needs for poor mothers. C. women’s groups mostly focus on issues related to the domestic domain. D. personal interests can mix […]

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Cultural Anthropology Final: Overview

What’s anthropology the study of human nature, human society and human past What are the major subfields of anthro Biological, cultural, linguistic, archaeology, applied anthro Biological anthro studies human beings as biological organisms, history and concept of race, adaptation in different ecological settings, human growth and development, Cultural Anthro studies variations in beliefs and behaviors […]

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Intro to Cultural Anthropology Colorado College

Laura Bohannan’s \”Shakespeare in the Bush\” Tries to tell Hamlet to the Tiv of Nigeria; they explain the meaning of what happened based on the way he tells the story Richard Borshay Lee’s \”Eating Christmas in the Kalahari\” Foraging group- hunter/gatherer economy; exchange of goods is based on gift giving; try to instill values of […]

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Cultural Anthropology Chapter 4

Describe how anthropologists study language. Discuss the relationship between language and culture. Distinguish between human and nonhuman systems of communication. Describe how nonverbal communication supplements verbal communication. Descriptive linguistics The part of anthropological linguistics that focuses on the mechanics of language Phonology The general study of the sounds used in human speech Phoneme The smallest […]

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Cultural Anthropology exam 1

question Acculturation answer the exchange of cultural features that results when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous first hand contact; the original cultural patterns of either or both groups may be altered, but the groups remain distinct. question Enculturation answer Teaches a child him or her culture. unifies people by providing common […]

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Cultural Anthropology Test Questions

question The moral and intellectual principle that one should withhold judgement about seemingly strange or exotic beliefs and practices is answer cultural relativism question The thinker who developed the evolutionary theory or natural selection in the 19th century answer Charles Darwin question Increasing, professional anthropologists are answer all of the above question The 19th century […]

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Cultural Anthropology: Social Identity, Personality & Gender

question Self-Awareness answer the ability to identify oneself as an individual, to reflect on onself, and to evaluate oneself question Naming Ceremony answer a special event or ritual to mark the naming of a child question Personality answer the distinctive way a person thinks, feels, and behaves question Dependence Training answer childrearing practices that foster […]

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Final Exam Cultural Anthropology

question In the article, Body Ritual Among the Nacirema, Horace Miner provides a good example of… answer ethnographic description, but does not follow the guideline of considering both the emic and etic perspectives, leading to a biased portrayal of this cultural group. question What is the point of the Body Ritual Among the Nacirema article? […]

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Cultural Anthropology Final

question Anthrpology takes a ____ approach that includes a wide geographic and historical range. answer Holistic question An artifact is _____ . answer Anything made or modified by humans question Culture is ____ . answer The customary ways of thinking and behaving in a particular group (ie society). question People practiced applied anthropology in all […]

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Cultural Anthropology: Chapter 1, 2, 3, 7

question development of anthropology answer -began 2500 ya by Greek historian Herodotus from journeys -Khaldun wrote universal history -recent field of inquiry in Western civ; 1886 U Penn -wasn’t studied until recently; now practiced everywhere question development of anthropology: in western civ answer -so long due to limit of technology (no way to travel) -but […]

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Cultural Anthropology final exam study guide

question Margaret Mead answer showed gender roles are variable in “Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies” and was a student of Franz Boas question E.B. Tylor answer the father of modern anthropology question Karl Marx answer Not an anthropologist, introduced “conflict theory” which said societies are held together by power/strife (the haves vs. the […]

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Cultural Anthropology Test 1 Study Guide

question 4 Major Subfields of Anthropology answer archaeological, linguistic, cultural, biological/physical question Archaeological Anthropology answer the study of material remains to study human behavior question Linguistic Anthropology answer the study of human language question Biological/ Physical Anthropology answer the systematic study of humans as biological organisms question Cultural Anthropology answer the study of customary patterns […]

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Cultural Anthropology Chapters 1-8, most likely will just ned 4-8

question Anthropology answer study of human nature, human society, and the human past. In the broadest sense, they try to answer almost what it means to be human. question Holism answer Integrates All in that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Inclusive. question Comparison answer similarities and differences in human nature […]

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Cultural Anthropology Chapter 5- Language

question Only human beings have a _______ answer symbolic language question 1) Language answer the system of arbitrary vocal symbols we use to encode our experience of the world. question There are around ______ and ______ languages answer 3,000-10,000 question Human language is a __________ __________ answer biocultural phenomenon question Language is a primary interest […]

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Cultural Anthropology Test 1

question 19th Century Evolutionism: McGee and Warms answer § Anthropology-combined 3 streams of thought □ Study of cultural differences among societies □ Struggle to explain the antiquity of humans and the artifacts left from lives □ Investigation of biological origins of humans and other species § Europeans were always fascinated with exotic cultures, but remained […]

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Cultural Anthropology Test 2 Prep

Subsistence Strategies The pattern of behavior used by a society to obtain food in a particular environment Foraging (Hunting and Gathering) Fishing, hunting, and collecting vegetable food. Sedentary Settled, living in one place. Pastorialism A food-getting strategy that depends on the care of domesticated herd animals Horticulture Production of plants using a simple, nonmechanized technology […]

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