Test Answers on criminology

criminology chapter 9

developmental criminology a more global vision of a criminal career, encompassing its onset, continuation, and termination A view of criminal behavior that places emphasis on the changes people go through over the life course. It presents a criminal career as a dynamic process involving onset, continuity, persistence, acceleration, and eventual desistance from criminal behavior, controlled […]

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Criminal Law Exam 3

Participants who are involved after the commission of a crime are guilty of a? Separate, less serious offense. Criminal liability is imposed on accomplices and accessories because they? Participated in Crimes. Participants before and during the commission of crimes are? Guilty of the crime itself. Participants after the commission of crimes are? Sometimes guilty of […]

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CRIMINOLOGY UNIT 3 Q&A’S

Crimes against persons include assault, robbery and the threat of nonphysical harm. true A homicide in which the offender wanted to physically hurt the victim but did not mean to kill the victim is categorized as __________. second degree murder Crime statistics show that arson is the most frequent property crime. false What type of […]

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Criminology Test 3

Developmental theorists attempt to provide a natural history of criminal behavior by encompassing its onset, continuation, and termination Latent trait theorists believe human development is controlled by a master trait present at birth or soon after that increases propensity to crime How do life course theorists view criminality? as a dynamic process Using data from […]

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Criminology Unit 4

What does not involve the use of force or illegal entry in order for property to be taken? Larceny Which of the following is not classified as a crime against property? Robbery Which type of thief can be defined as an individual who has acquired a degree of skill, plans his crimes, generates relatively good […]

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Criminology Test 2 (Vocab Chapter 9)

Desist To spontaneously stop commit crime Development Theories Theories that attempt to explain the \”natural history\” of a criminal career; its onset, the course it follows and its termination. Life-course Theories Theories reflecting the view that criminality is a dynamic process, influenced by many characteristics, traits and experiences, and that behavior changes accordantly, for better […]

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Criminal Procedure Final Exam

Stare decisis is the principle that New cases should be decided in a fashion consistent with the law established in prior cases The most important rights available to an accused in a criminal prosecution come from: The Us Constitution The concepts of venue refers to The place where the case will be tried Appellate courts […]

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Criminology Part 1 Test

The \”crime index\” reflects which of the following? Part I offenses on the UCR When conducting research with human participants, criminologists must develop a system of mutual trust and obligation between the researcher and subject. This is referred to as: Reciprocity Which of the following sources of data includes detailed information on criminal incidents, including […]

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Chapter 9 Crim

Criminal Career Engaging in antisocial acts early in adolescence and continuing illegal behaviors into adulthood. A pattern of persistent offending across the life course Development theories The view that criminality is a dynamic process, influenced by social experiences as well as individual characteristics Life Course Theory Theory that focuses on changes in criminality over the […]

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Criminology Chapters 1-3

Comprehensive Because criminologists are influenced by many disciplines, the field of criminology is considered Youth Crime While self report studies can be used to examine the offense history of prison inmates and drug users, most self report studies have focused on Valid & Reliable Criminologists interested in computing criminal statistics focus on creating _ and […]

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Criminology Chapter 4

Biological Theories theories that maintain that the basic determinants of human behavior, including criminality are constitutionally or physiologically based/often inherited Look to internal forces, genetic/physical makeup; focus on brain as center of personality/major determinant in controlling behavior C. Ray Jeffery term criminology given to social science approach to crime, developed in sociology Sutherland’s Criminology-pure sociology […]

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Crim 105 final

According to Cohen, delinquent subcultures are rooted in all but which of the following? Acceptance of violence as normal Cohen argues that ? band together to form subcultures in which they can define status in ways that seem attainable to them. Delinquent boys ? boys try to make the best of bad situations, according to […]

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Criminology Ch 2

Aging out The process by which individuals reduce the frequency of their offending behavior as they age. It is also known as spontaneous remission, because people are believed to spontaneously reduce the rate of their criminal behavior as they mature. Aging out is thought to occur among all groups of offenders Career Criminal A person […]

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Chapter 6 Criminology

Social process theories Theories that suggest that criminal behavior is learned in interaction with others and that socialization and learning processes occur as the result of gorup membership and relationships Social development theories An integrated view of human development that examines multiple leves of maturation simultaneously , including the psychological, biological, familial, interpersonal, cultural, societal, […]

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Criminology Today

Containment theory A form of control theory that suggests that a series of both internal and external factors contribute to law-abiding behaviors According to the Chicago school of criminology, which concentric zone is responsible for the most crime? Zone 2: Ghetto-deteriorated housing, abandoned buildings, transition According to environmental criminology, ___ of the area is responsible […]

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chapter 10 criminology

Use of racial or ethnic stereotypes in law enforcement action and decision making Racial profiling What is the main concern of radical and conflict theories? social inequality, class differences, power used to define crime what is used to define crime in radical and conflict theory? Power Which of the following argues that law, crime, and […]

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crim exam 2 online quiz question

Which of the following statements would not be made by a biological​ theorist? A. A tendency toward crime may be inherited. B. The brain is the locus of personality. C. Some humans are further along the evolutionary ladder than others. D. Human behavior is controlled by free will. D. Human behavior is controlled by free […]

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Criminology Quiz 1

moral entrepreneur discover a problem, make statements about right or wrong, broadcasting what they know-making people aware of something when was the first criminology book publish? 1885 in italian where do criminologists mainly live? 3/4 of criminologists live in the US criminology vs criminal justice criminology-crime criminal justice-correctional system Criminology is… interdisciplinary(sociology, law, psychology, economics, […]

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Criminological Theories

Social Disorganization Theory Explaining crime rates and not criminality (MACROtheory- most abstract) -before breakdown (cant happen independently)– independent variables >Poverty- income >Ethnic/ Racial Heterogeneity- census data > High Mobility- Buying or Renting >Broken Homes-Disrupted Families break down of primary relationships (intervening variables)= social disorganization–> increase of delinquency; crime; social problems (dependent variables) (Sampson and Grove) […]

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Intro to Crim week 3

Anomie a moral confusion or breakdown in mores or a gap between goals and means in society (Emile Durkheim) Differential opportunity theory Cloward and Ohlin’s theory that crime takes place due to a lack of legitimate opportunity and is also due to the availability of illegitimate opportunites Differential association theory Sutherland’s theory that crime is […]

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Criminology-Social Disorganization Theory

\”Chicago School\” of Urban Sociology 1920s University of Chicago: Focus on the rapid problems associated with rabid social change -Industrialization -Urbanization -Immigration Drew on metaphors from plant and animal ecology \”Natural\” processes that characterize the competition for space and resources in cities. Ecological Theories of Crime -Challenge the notion that criminal behavior is determined by […]

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