Test Answers on behavior

Chapter 10 punishments and teacher behaviors

Corporal Punishment A strategy in which the teacher inflicts physical pain on the student in an attempt to punish him or her for misbehaving. Can include paddling, spanking, slapping, and pinching. Disadvantages can include other negative behaviors emerging, including running away, avoidance, anxiety, fear, tension, stress, withdrawal, poor self-concept, resistance, and counter aggression. SHOULD NOT […]

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Teaching New Behavior

The three steps of discrimination training are… Isolation Distracter Mixed trial Video modeling is beneficial because_________________ some children with autism already imitate videos and watching videos is often reinforcing. During episodes of non-compliance, it may be necessary to use which type of prompt? Physical Right on! During non-compliance you want to to use a prompt […]

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Motor Behavior Final Review

1. \”When assessing performance and making instructional decisions, which of the following must be considered?\” A. The learner B. The task C. The environment in which the task is performed D. All of the above D Which of the following are NOT true of learning? A. It results in a relatively permanent change in behavior. […]

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Understanding Human Behavior and the Social Environment Chapter 1-4….Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2016

Respondent Conditioning / Pavlovian conditioning This occurs when a person learns to respond to a new (\”conditioned\”) stimulus that does not naturally elicit a reponse. This occurs by pairing the conditioned stimulus with an \”unconditioned\” stimulus, which does naturally emit a response.________ occurs when a person learns to respond to a new stimulus that does […]

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Chp 4: Behavior and Attitudes

People’s expressed attitudes hardly predicted their varying behaviors *\”Moral hypocrisy\”: appearing moral while avoiding the costs of being so Both behavior and our expressed attitudes are subject to other influences *Our attitudes do predict our behavior when these other influences on what we say and do are minimal, when the attitude is specific to the […]

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Social Behavior

Attitudes Positive or negative evaluations of objects of thought Attributions Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others’ behavior, and their own behavior Bystander effect People are less likely to provide needed help when they are in groups than when they are alone Channel The medium through which the message is sent Cognitive […]

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Chapter 5 Theories of Criminal Behavior:

Who were the first two American scholars to suggest the importance of a place as having something to do with crime? Robert Park and Ernest Burgess According to social ecology theory, places that have high crime rtes usually exhibit these characteristics: run down buildings, street youths What does the term \”macro\” level refer to in […]

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The Theory of Planned Behavior

TPB Attitude toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control together shape and individual’s behavioral intentions and behaviors TRA Theory of Reasoned Action: An individual’s decision to engage in a particular behavior is based on the outcomes the individual will come as a result of performing the behavior Self-Efficacy the conviction that one can successfully […]

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Ch. 7 Human Species- Primate Sociality, Social Behavior, And Culture

through a range of social behaviors how do primates express themselves? express themselves a range of social behaviors are used by primates to… primate societies what are complex organized? complexly organized how are primate societies organized? primates what form various social relationships for the long term? long term do primates form various social relationships for […]

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Ch 7 Primate Behavior

Behavior Anything organisms do that involves action in response to internal/external stimuli. Captive studies Study conducted in an inclosed setting. Semi-free-ranging Environment Study conducted in large inclosed setting. Field Study Study conducted where the primate naturally occurs. Behavioral Ecology The study of the evolution of behavior, emphasizing the role of ecological factors as agents of […]

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Theory of reasoned Action and Theory of Planned behavior

Theories of Reasoned action and planned behavior Looks at the relationship between individuals attitudes and behavior. Focused on Rational, cognitive decision making processes. Intention is necessary for behavior change to occur. Theory of reasoned action -Designed to help explain the volitional behavior (behavior that is under the control of the person) -The TRA starts from […]

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Applied Behavior Analysis – Cooper et al. – Chapter 10

2 The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment is the: 1) Group level 2) Individual level 3) Procedural level 4) Implementation level 3 Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective interventions for socially significant behavior by focusing on the 1) Behavior of individuals with cognitive delays 2) Common behavior of groups […]

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Chapter 4: Behavior & Attitudes

When we are unsure of our attitudes, we infer them the same way someone else would who was observing us – that is, we look at our behavior. Which theory does this describe? self-perception theory Attitudes include all of the following EXCEPT aptitudes The finding that religious attitudes can predict the total quantity of religious […]

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Deviant Behavior ~ Lesson 12 Quiz

Two legal drugs, alcohol and tobacco, annually kill at least __ times as many Americans as do all illegal drugs combined. 60 Sociologists generally assume that if some marijuana smokers later use heroin or cocaine, the cause usually lies in their involvement with friends who use heroin or cocaine. Which of the following are the […]

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Organizational Behavior- Chapter 3

According to the proponents of interactional psychology, all of the following are correct except behavior is a function of heredity and physical stature The basis for understanding individual differences stems from Lewins contention that behavior is a function of the person and the environment The way in which factors such as skills, abilities, personalities, perceptions, […]

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Chapter 7: Students with Emotional and Behavior Disorders

Emotional and behavior disorder (EBD) Term preferred by professionals to describe emotional disabilties Emotional Disturbance (ED) Term used in IDEA to describe the disability that students with emotional and behavior disorders have Socially Maladjusted Term that describes students who intentionally act out or break rules, students who are ________ are excluded from the IDEA definition […]

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Final Exam Organizational Behavior

what has been shown by research to reduce social loafing? hybrid rewards which of the following statements about groups is not true? people who do not confirm to group roles are given high status by the group. which of the following about norms is not true? Norms are typically written down and discussed openly by […]

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Group Behaviors

Based on the concept of groupthink, what is the most likely response of Ralph’s group to the new member’s proposal? Ralph and his group will quickly reject the old method. Which of the following situations reflect the effects of deindividuation? Harry, who is normally reserved and formal, painted his face and body with his college […]

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Primate Social Behavior & Taxonomy (7)

Polygyny Multiple males/females Some males lie with multiple females HIGH sexual dimorphism Multiple makes & females compete There can be no well defined social groups, there are bonds with members of opposite & same sex Polyandry Multiple males compete with 1 female Very rare Bachelors Strepsirhines Rhinarium Long Snout Tapetum lucidum to enhanace night vision […]

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Behavior terms

Learned vs innate behavior – Learned: Ability to learn is inherited but behavior develops during animals lifetime – Innate: Inheritive/ instinctive/ automatic/ consistent How are reflexes and instinct related? – Reflexes are a result of instincts Why do animals usually depend upon a fairly simple FAP sign stimuli? – FAP: Sequence of behaviors that are […]

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Chapter 5 Eye Behavior (oculesics)

Oculesics The study of eye behavior, eye contact, eye moment,and the functions of eye behavior Salience Eye behavior has high probability of being noticed. very important in managing interactions Involvement Eye contact with another virtually commands involvement with that othe Scanning One of primary functions. Eyes scan, focus, & collect environmental info. To our ancestors, […]

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