Test Answers on Astronomy Flashcards

Earth Science T1

Hypothesis testable, plausible explanation for a scientific question Scientific Method series of steps that scientists use to investigate a question Control Factor that must remain the same in an experiment so it does not affect the outcome Independent Variable factor in an experiment that never changes Theory scientific explanation that is supported by many observations […]

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Grade 11 Earth Science Chapter # 1

The study of the solid Earth is called GEOLOGY The Earth scientist most likely to study storms is METEOROLOGIST The study of the complex relationships between living things and their environment is ECOLOGY An example of a non biodegradable waste product is A PLASTIC MILK JUG The first step in scientific problem solving is to […]

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Earth Science SOL Review

Density This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for this is g/mL. Water Displacement How do you find the volume for an irregular object? Warm This type of air/water/magma rises because it’s less dense Cold This type of air/water/magma sinks because it’s more dense Pressure What else increases when density […]

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Specialties/Subspecialties of Earth science

astronomy the study of objects beyond Earth’s atmosphere meteorology the study of the forces and processes that cause the atmosphere to change and produce the weather geology the study of materials that make up Earth oceanology the study of the Earth’s oceans, which cover nearly three- fourths of the planet environmental science the study of […]

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APES – Earth Science

Biosphere the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or other planet) where living organisms exist lithsophere the solid outer layer of the earths crust and upper mantle mantle the layer of the earth between the crust and the core asthenosphere The solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere; made of […]

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Praxis II: Earth Science

Earth science The study of the Earth, its composition, its history, its place in the universe, and its natural processes Inner Core The spherical solid center of the Earth, composed largely of iron and nickel; about 700-800 miles in diameter Outer Core A layer of liquid iron and nickel about 1, 400 miles thick Mantle […]

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Astronomy Chapter 2:

Electromagnetic Radiation Another term for light, transfers energy and information from one to another Visible Light Small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human eyes perceive as light Radio Region of the electromagnetic spectrum corresponding to radiation of the longest wavelengths Infrared Region of the electromagnetic spectrum just outside the visible range, corresponding to light […]

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Astronomy Test- Earth and Environmental Science

Lunar Eclipse An eclipse in which the moon appears darkened as it passes into the earth’s shadow. This happens on a full moon. Solar Eclipse An eclipse in which the sun is obscured by the moon. This happens on a new moon. Penumbra The shadow cast by the earth or moon over an area experiencing […]

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9th grade Earth Science ~ Astronomy Test Review

stellar nebula first phase of a star’s life cycle average star and massive star stellar nebula splits into which two categories? red giant next star phase after average star is ______ ________ planetary nebula after red giant is _______ ________ white dwarf after planetary nebula is ______ ________, also the last phase of this kind […]

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Astronomy – Astronomy Test Questions

Zodiac A belt about 16° wide around the sky centered on the ecliptic, containing 12 constellations Wien’s Law of Radiation The wavelength, max, at which a blackbody emits the greatest amount of radiation is inversely proportional to its temperature (T). max =0.3/T Parallax One half of the apparent change in the star’s angular position, which […]

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Astronomy honors solar system review

The (blank) have larger radii than the (blank) planets 1)jovian 2)terrestrial A (blank) theory of the formation of the solar system uses sudden events that drastically alter the form of the early solar system. catastrophic the dirty snowball model is used as a model for the physical structure of (blank) comets the largest volcano found […]

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Honors Astronomy Semester 2 Final

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation period? Fastest in the solar system Essentially, the Great Red Spot is A large cyclonic system (hurricane) Alternating zones of rising & sinking gas in Jupiter’s atmosphere create Light & dark bands What is thought to lie at the center of Jupiter? A massive core of rocky materials w/some […]

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Honors Astronomy Final 2

The ESA satellite which gave us our most accurate distances to stars is called Hippacros If two stars differ in brightness by 5 magnitudes, the light ratio received by us is ______ to 1 100x In comparing first magnitude Deneb with second magnitude Polaris, we find that Deneb appears 2.5x brighter to us than Polaris […]

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Honors Earth and Space

What scientist is believed to have started modern astronomy? Copernicus What are the five scientists believed to have given birth to modern astronomy? Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Newton What is the Heliocentric Model? Sun Centered Model What is the Geocentric Model? Earth Centered Model The 20th Century is known as this: Era of Space Exploration […]

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Honors Astronomy Exam 1 (Chapters 1-5)

field of view the region you can see in the image solar system consists of the sun, its family of planets, and some smaller bodies, such as moons and comets planets small, spherical, non-luminous bodies that orbit a star and shine by reflected light star a self-luminous ball of hot gas that generates its own […]

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Honors Earth Science Astronomy

What kind of spectrum is this? Continuous spectra Continuous spectra are produced from hot solids or dense gases What kind of spectrum is this? Emission spectra Emission spectra are produced from hot gases What kind of spectrum is this? Absorption spectra Absorption spectra are produced from cool gases Doppler Effect As an object moves farther […]

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Honors Astronomy Sem 2 Final: Bodecker

The light we see from the Sun comes from which layer? photosphere What natural barrier tries to prevent two protons from combining? electromagnetic repulsion Which is the weakest of the fundamental forces? the gravitational force When the chromosphere can be seen during a solar eclipse, what is its color? red How many planet Earths could […]

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Astronomy – Astronomy Test Answers

absorption spectrum the spectrum formed by electromagnetic radiation that has passed through a medium in which radiation of certain frequencies is absorbed. aurora Meteorology. a radiant emission from the upper atmosphere that occurs sporadically over the middle and high latitudes of both hemispheres in the form of luminous bands, streamers, or the like, caused by […]

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Astronomy Midterm #1

cosmology the study of the origin, evolution, and behavior of the universe as a whole universe that which contains and subsumes all the laws of nature, and everything subject to those laws; the sum of all that exists physically, including matter, energy, physical laws, space, and time astronomy the study of the contents of the […]

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2nd Semester Astronomy Final Vocabulary

Johannes Kepler Astronomer who in the 1600’s, discovered that objects in the universe all orbit each other in elliptical paths, not perfect circles. Developed three mathematical laws of elliptical planetary motion Kepler’s 1st Law Objects in the universe that orbit other objects, follow elliptical paths. The object being orbited resides at the “focus” of the […]

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Honors Astronomy 11/9/17

It is much easier to build large reflectors than large refractors True The light gathering ability of a telescope is most dependent on the diameter of its primary objective (collecting area) True One reason for building telescopes on mountain tops is that they improve seeing by reducing the amount of air above the observer True […]

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