Test Answers on anthropology

Revolutions and National States in the Atlantic World

question Popular sovereignty answer the idea that rulers drew power from their subjects, and were therefore at their subjects’ mercy. This challenged the idea of divine right, or of rulers being naturally (or supernaturally) superior to the people they ruled. question Enlightenment answer a philosophical and scientific revolution in which people were encouraged to question […]

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Russian Revolution

question Which slogan is associated with the Bolshevik (Russian) Revolution? answer \”Peace, Land, and bread!\” question Which leader led the Russians in a second revolution (1917), Promised \”peace, land, and bread.\”, established the New Economic Policy (NEP) answer Vladimir I. Lenin question The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia was caused in part by answer […]

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Anthropology Exam 1 Flashcards

question Anthropology answer the holistic, scientific study of humankind- holistic study of all humankind from its origin to the present question Archaelogy answer the subfield of anthropology that recovers evidence of the human cultural past and reconstructs past cultural systems- study of material remains of past human behavior- get materials from: refuse- trash, architecture- foundations […]

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APWH Industrial Revolution

question Abolition of Slavery answer All South American countries abolished slavery by 1880. In Britian it was because a change in economic interest, and resistance from the enslaved people. question Adam Smith answer Scottish philosopher; Economy depends on demand of people. question Canals answer an artificial waterway used to direct water (usually from a river […]

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Evolution – Exam #4 – Species

question In speciation lies the __________________________, and the study of speciation bridges ___________________________ answer origin of diversity microevolution and macroevolution question Evolution of diversity occurs by answer cladogenesis anagenesis question cladogenesis answer branching of lineages question anaenesis answer evolution within a species question Speciation Time Long process to be observed by _________________________ of scientists answer […]

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Anthropology 2.2

question Nested hierarchies answer 1. Refers to the way taxonomic groups fit neatly and completely inside other taxonomic groups. For instance, all bats (order Chiroptera) are mammals. All mammals are vertebrates. Likewise, all whales (order Cetacea) are also mammals, and thus also vertebrates. 2. large box = inclusive 3. small box = relatedness harder to […]

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GenIRevolution Mission 8 – Intro to Stocks

question Stock answer A share of ownership in a corporation. question Stock Market answer A general term used to describe all transactions involving the buying and selling of stock shares issued by a company. question NYSE answer New York Stock Exchange question AMEX answer American Stock Exchange question NASDAQ answer A major stock exchange that […]

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Ch. 5 Anthropology

question Adaptive stategy answer a society’s system of economic production question Cohen’s typology adaptive strategies answer foraging, horticulture, agriculture, pastoralism, and industrialism question People rely on nature to make their living answer one common factor that all foraging economies have shared question forager answer ____ eventually turn to food production question Modern foragers answer live […]

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Cultural Anthropology Ch. 9

question power answer Transformative capacity; the ability to transform a given situation. question political anthropology answer The study of social power in human society. question free agency answer The freedom of self-contained individuals to pursue their own interests above everything else and to challenge one another for dominance. question ideology answer A worldview that justifies […]

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Anthropology Final Questions

question In which kind of reciprocity is something given and nothing is expected directly in return? answer Generalized Reciprocity question How does horticulture differ from agriculture? answer Many more species of edible plants are produced in a single field under horticulture than under agriculture. question Gender stratification refers to the unequal access to power, prestige, […]

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Cultural Anthropology Chapters 9 & 10

question postpartum sex taboo answer the rule that a husband and wife must abstain from any sexual activity for a period of time after the birth of a child question incest taboo answer the prohibition of sexual intimacy between people defined as close relatives question kibbutz answer a communal farm or settlement in Israel question […]

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Exam 3 Part 2 Anthropology

question The process organisms undergo to achieve a beneficial adjustment to a particular environment, which not only leads to biological changes in the organisms but also impacts their environment, is called answer Adaptation question Among the Tsembaga of Papua New Guinea, there is a relationship between the physical and social environments that involves ritual slaughter […]

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The Industrial Revolution Critical Essay

question Enclosure answer larger fields which wealthy landowners enclosed with fences or hedges; it made it so they could cultivate larger fields and use new seeding and harvesting methods. landowners experimented to discover more productive farming methods to boost crop fields question crop rotation answer important because different crops being grown would allow for the […]

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Anthropology Ch 12-15

question Political Anthropologist: answer study role social power human society. question Power: answer ability to transform a given situation. It is not simply physical. question Social power affects… answer -entire social group. question Modes of Power consist of… answer Interpersonal, organizational, and structural power. question Structural Power: answer controls the allocation of social labor and […]

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Anthropology Exam 3

question a boy is born into a society that practices matrilineal descent. the person who exercises authority over him is answer his mother’s brother question a clan is similar to lineage except: A. a clan has fewer people B. clan members are unable to trace exact genealogical links to their common ancestor C. clans are […]

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Flashcards About Anthropology Exam 2

question In what kind of society is it most likely that leaders will acquire their positions as a result of their personal backgrounds or abilities, rather than heredity? answer Tribal Society question For most of human history, people lived in societies characterized by what kind of sociopolitical organization? answer Band question What is a “big […]

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Anthropology Midterm #2

question Nuclear Family answer Parents and children, impermanent, generally form part of two in a life time. question Family by Orientation answer Born into question Family of Procreation answer by marriage – Nuclear family organizations is widespread but not universal. question Extended families answer Includes multiple generations, share childrearing, economic, food acquisitions, question Industrial and […]

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Anthropology Midterm

question 1.Which primate paleo-genus is found in the Fayum and is probably close to the ancestry of both major groups of living Old World anthropoids? answer Aegyptopithecus; Oligocene question 2.About when did the initial hominid divergence from the African hominoids most likely occur? answer Later Miocene, 10-7 million years ago question 3.What is a hominin’s […]

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Anthropology Chapters 17, 18, 19, 20, 23

question Attending a university and gaining an education can result in the upward ________ of a student. answer Mobility question A_________is a ranked group in which membership is determined at birth and marriage is restricted to members of one’s own group. answer Caste question Anthropologists are reasonably certain that social stratification answer is a recent […]

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Anthropology Quizzes

question The CD \”Deep Forest\” contained samples of music from which of the following Indigenous group? answer Baka Pygmies question Which of the following is true of Hoodia root? answer -The San had traditionally utilized Hoodia. -It was used to develop appetite suppressant pills. question In the film Medicine Man, Dr. Robert Campbell discovers a […]

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Exam 3 Part 3 Anthropology

question All of the following statements about sexual behavior among the Trobrianders is correct except: answer when the couple is ready to be married, they appear outside the woman’s household question What percentage of known societies has rules regulating that sexual involvement only take place within marriage? answer 15 question Among Christians in the 17th […]

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