Test Answers on anthropology

Revolutions and National States in the Atlantic World

Popular sovereignty the idea that rulers drew power from their subjects, and were therefore at their subjects’ mercy. This challenged the idea of divine right, or of rulers being naturally (or supernaturally) superior to the people they ruled. Enlightenment a philosophical and scientific revolution in which people were encouraged to question the most basic principles […]

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Russian Revolution

Which slogan is associated with the Bolshevik (Russian) Revolution? \”Peace, Land, and bread!\” Which leader led the Russians in a second revolution (1917), Promised \”peace, land, and bread.\”, established the New Economic Policy (NEP) Vladimir I. Lenin The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia was caused in part by a shortage of military supplies and […]

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Anthropology Exam 1

Anthropology the holistic, scientific study of humankind- holistic study of all humankind from its origin to the present Archaelogy the subfield of anthropology that recovers evidence of the human cultural past and reconstructs past cultural systems- study of material remains of past human behavior- get materials from: refuse- trash, architecture- foundations or stains, shipwrecks- see […]

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APWH Industrial Revolution

Abolition of Slavery All South American countries abolished slavery by 1880. In Britian it was because a change in economic interest, and resistance from the enslaved people. Adam Smith Scottish philosopher; Economy depends on demand of people. Canals an artificial waterway used to direct water (usually from a river or lake) to a certain area […]

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Evolution – Exam #4 – Species

In speciation lies the __________________________, and the study of speciation bridges ___________________________ origin of diversity microevolution and macroevolution Evolution of diversity occurs by cladogenesis anagenesis cladogenesis branching of lineages anaenesis evolution within a species Speciation Time Long process to be observed by _________________________ of scientists one or a few generations Speciation Time too ___________________________ to […]

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Anthropology 2.2

Nested hierarchies 1. Refers to the way taxonomic groups fit neatly and completely inside other taxonomic groups. For instance, all bats (order Chiroptera) are mammals. All mammals are vertebrates. Likewise, all whales (order Cetacea) are also mammals, and thus also vertebrates. 2. large box = inclusive 3. small box = relatedness harder to define than […]

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GenIRevolution Mission 8 – Intro to Stocks

Stock A share of ownership in a corporation. Stock Market A general term used to describe all transactions involving the buying and selling of stock shares issued by a company. NYSE New York Stock Exchange AMEX American Stock Exchange NASDAQ A major stock exchange that handles trades through a computerized network Dividend A portion of […]

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Ch. 5 Anthropology

Adaptive stategy a society’s system of economic production Cohen’s typology adaptive strategies foraging, horticulture, agriculture, pastoralism, and industrialism People rely on nature to make their living one common factor that all foraging economies have shared forager ____ eventually turn to food production Modern foragers live in nation-states and depend to some extent on government assistance […]

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Cultural Anthropology Ch. 9

power Transformative capacity; the ability to transform a given situation. political anthropology The study of social power in human society. free agency The freedom of self-contained individuals to pursue their own interests above everything else and to challenge one another for dominance. ideology A worldview that justifies the social arrangements under which people live. domination […]

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Anthropology Final Questions

In which kind of reciprocity is something given and nothing is expected directly in return? Generalized Reciprocity How does horticulture differ from agriculture? Many more species of edible plants are produced in a single field under horticulture than under agriculture. Gender stratification refers to the unequal access to power, prestige, rights, and personal freedom. True. […]

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Cultural Anthropology Chapters 9 & 10

postpartum sex taboo the rule that a husband and wife must abstain from any sexual activity for a period of time after the birth of a child incest taboo the prohibition of sexual intimacy between people defined as close relatives kibbutz a communal farm or settlement in Israel role ambiguity confusion about how one is […]

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Anthropology 2010 ex 3

Which of the following analyses of Christmas shopping would be least likely to come from a follower of cultural economics? people always make decision about what to buy on the basis of getting the lowest price The exchange of brass rods for the purchase of cattle or the payment of bride price is an example […]

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Exam 3 Part 2 Anthropology

The process organisms undergo to achieve a beneficial adjustment to a particular environment, which not only leads to biological changes in the organisms but also impacts their environment, is called Adaptation Among the Tsembaga of Papua New Guinea, there is a relationship between the physical and social environments that involves ritual slaughter in order to […]

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The Industrial Revolution Critical Essay

Enclosure larger fields which wealthy landowners enclosed with fences or hedges; it made it so they could cultivate larger fields and use new seeding and harvesting methods. landowners experimented to discover more productive farming methods to boost crop fields crop rotation important because different crops being grown would allow for the land to lose and […]

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Anthropology Ch 12-15

Political Anthropologist: study role social power human society. Power: ability to transform a given situation. It is not simply physical. Social power affects… -entire social group. Modes of Power consist of… Interpersonal, organizational, and structural power. Structural Power: controls the allocation of social labor and organizes social settings. The unequal relations on large scale divisions […]

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Anthropology Exam 3

a boy is born into a society that practices matrilineal descent. the person who exercises authority over him is his mother’s brother a clan is similar to lineage except: A. a clan has fewer people B. clan members are unable to trace exact genealogical links to their common ancestor C. clans are more likely to […]

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Anthropology Exam 2

In what kind of society is it most likely that leaders will acquire their positions as a result of their personal backgrounds or abilities, rather than heredity? Tribal Society For most of human history, people lived in societies characterized by what kind of sociopolitical organization? Band What is a “big man?” A person of influence […]

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Anthropology Midterm #2

Nuclear Family Parents and children, impermanent, generally form part of two in a life time. Family by Orientation Born into Family of Procreation by marriage – Nuclear family organizations is widespread but not universal. Extended families Includes multiple generations, share childrearing, economic, food acquisitions, Industrial and family organizations Nuclear family is the only well defined […]

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Anthropology Midterm

1.Which primate paleo-genus is found in the Fayum and is probably close to the ancestry of both major groups of living Old World anthropoids? Aegyptopithecus; Oligocene 2.About when did the initial hominid divergence from the African hominoids most likely occur? Later Miocene, 10-7 million years ago 3.What is a hominin’s defining characteristics? Bipedal locomotion, large […]

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Anthropology Chapters 17, 18, 19, 20, 23

Attending a university and gaining an education can result in the upward ________ of a student. Mobility A_________is a ranked group in which membership is determined at birth and marriage is restricted to members of one’s own group. Caste Anthropologists are reasonably certain that social stratification is a recent development in human history A ____________is […]

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Exam 3 Part 3 Anthropology

All of the following statements about sexual behavior among the Trobrianders is correct except: when the couple is ready to be married, they appear outside the woman’s household What percentage of known societies has rules regulating that sexual involvement only take place within marriage? 15 Among Christians in the 17th and 18th centuries in New […]

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