Test Answers on Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards

Chapter 6 Biology 1

The wearing away of soil by wind and water: Soil erosion The layer of the atmosphere that absorbs ultraviolet light Ozone A resource that can regenerate and is there before replaceable Renewable A mixture of chemicals that occurs as a haze in the atmosphere Smog A way of using resources at a rate that does […]

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Ch. 7, 8, 9 Physiology

Ch. 7 – Theories of Behavior Change Changing behavior is challenging because so many factors play an important role: *readiness for change *motivation *ability *perceived self-efficacy *scheduling/peer influence Why is Theory important? * A theory is a frame-work that describes how and why behavior changes for a given population in a particular setting * Grounding […]

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Exercise Physiology, Kinesiology, Biomechanics

Exercise Physiology The study of the effects of exercise on the body – Examines adaptations & responses to: 1. Muscular system 2. Respiration 3. Nervous system 4. Circulatory system Exercise Physiologist’s Job Tasks – Analysis, improvement, and maintenance of health & fitness – Rehabilitation of heart disease and other diseases and/or disabilities – Professional guidance […]

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Chapter 1 – Anatomy & Physiology

Anatomy -The scientific discipline that investigates the STRUCTURE of the body. -Defined as the dissection of the body to study the structure, position, and interrelation of its various parts. -Includes: structure, organization, development, and function of body parts. Systemic Anatomy the study of the body by systems Regional Anatomy the study of the organization of […]

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Muscle Physiology- Skeletal Muscle Fatigue

Skeletal Muscle Fatigue Common Definition Reduction in Physical performance Skeletal Muscle Fatigue Physiology Definition Failure to maintain the required or expected force Fatigue for Isometric Contractions Decrease in force Fatigue for Isotonic Contractions Decease in contractile response decrease in force decrease in velocity of shortening decrease in power Skeletal Muscle Fatigue Endurance Exercise Definition Effort […]

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EMT-B: Skeletal Anatomy

Cervical Vertebrae Label the structure indicated in red. Thoracic Vertebrae Label the structure indicated in red. Lumbar Vertebrae Label the structure indicated in red. Sacral Vertebrae Label the structure indicated in the circle. Coccyx Vertebrae Label the structure indicated in the circle. Frontal Bone Label the structure indicated in green. Parietal Bone Label the structure […]

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BIO201 Anatomy and Physiology Paradise Valley Community College Test 1 Terms

Apical Detonating location towards or on the surface. Basal Detonating location away from the surface. Simple squamous epithelium A single layer of flat cells in contact with the basal lamina of the epithelium. Is relatively permeable to facilitate gas exchange and filtration. Simple cuboidal epithelium A single layer of cube shaped cells that is more […]

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Human Physiology Body Orientation and Direction; Body Planes and Sections; and Body Cavities

sagittal plane vertical, divides the body into right and left parts that are unequal Transverse What is the name for a plane that runs horizontally and divides the body into superior and inferior parts? coronal plane divides the body into anterior and posterior parts Superior Above This term refers to placement of a structure along […]

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Chap 20: PNS – Snow College Anatomy

What are cranial nerves? Nerves that extend from the brain. How many cranial nerves are there? 12 pairs What is the name and number of the first cranial nerve? I Olfactory What is the function of the first cranial nerve? Sensory function: olfaction What openings in the skull transmit the first cranial nerve? Foramina of […]

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College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 7 – Bones of the Skull

What are the divisions of the skeleton? -Axial -Appendicular What is the axial skeleton? It’s the bony and cartilaginous parts of the skeleton that support and/ or protect the neck, head, and trunk. What does the axial skeleton include? -Skull -Hyoid Bone -Vertebral Column -Thoracic Cage How many bones are there in the skull? 22 […]

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Spring 2016 Fullerton College Anatomy 250 (Muscles)

Lateral rectus ORIGIN: annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex INSERTION: 7 mm temporal to the limbus ACTION: abduction of the eyeball ANTAGONIST: medial rectus Medial rectus ORIGIN: annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex INSERTION: 5.5 mm medial to the limbus ACTION: adduction of the eyeball ANTAGONIST: lateral rectus Superior rectus ORIGIN: annulus of […]

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Harper College Muscles and Heart Anatomy

Orbicularis oculi Zygomaticus major Orbicularis oris Buccinator Masseter Temporalis Platysma Sternocleidomastoid Sternohyoid Sternohyoid Levator Labii Superioris … Levator Palpebrae Superioris … A. Aortic Arch A. Aortic Valve *Prevents backflow of blood from the Aorta back into the Left Ventricle A. Bicuspid Valve *aka Left Atrioventricular Valve or Mitral Valve A. Branches of Left Pulmonary Artery […]

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Physiology Final CNI college

Angiogenesis the process of forming new blood vessels end stage renal disease Chronic kidney failure requiring dialysis or transplant GFR decreases to less than 5% of normal 40% of cases are a complication of DM normal fasting blood glucouse level 70-110 mg/dl Kupffer cells Name the macrophages by location: • Liver opsonization By which process […]

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Chap 21: ANS – Snow College Anatomy

What part of the vertebrate nervous system innervates smooth and cardiac muscle and glandular tissues and governs involuntary, vital functions? The autonomic nervous system By this definition the ANS is purely motor. It is regulated in large part by somatic and visceral sensory input, but these sensory inputs are not conducted by the ANS. The […]

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College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 11 – The Nervous System Part 1

What does the CNS consist of? -Brain -Spinal cord What does the PNS consist of? -Nerves that connect the CNS to the rest of the body -Afferent sensory nerves -Efferent motor nerves What are the efferent parts of the PNS? -Autonomic nervous system (ANS) -Somatic Nervous System What are the 2 parts of the ANS? […]

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Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 20 The Heart

Heart the pump in the cardiovascular system that distributes blood for all functions and to all tissues in the body Cardiology the study of the heart and the diseases associated with it Heat Beats 100,000 times per day, 35 million times a year Heart Volume 5 liters/min or 5.3 quarts, 14,000 liters a day, or […]

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Anatomy ch.1

etymology (etymo: true meaning) the study of word origins, and it can help you remember difficult terms. Knowing the etymology of a structure’s name may reveal something about the structure’s shape, location, or function etiology (etio: cause) sounds like etymology but is the study of the causes of diseases Biology (bio: life; logos: words) the […]

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Anatomy Terms

Developmental Anatomy studying structural changes from conception to adulthood Embryology the study of changes from conception to the end of the eighth week of development Cytology the study of cellular structure Histology studies the anatomical structure of tissues Gross Anatomy the study of structures that can be examined without the aid of a microscope; can […]

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anatomy & physiology midterm study guide

anatomy the study of the structure of the human body cytology study of individual cells from the body histology study of tissues from the body physiology the study of the jobs and functions of the human body How are anatomy and physiology related? Physiology is the study of how anatomy works pathological physiology study of […]

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Human Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System Study Guide

List the three major functions of the nervous system. 1) Sensations (sensory input) 2) Interpretation (Integration of info) 3) Response (commands responses) Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Central Nervous System (CNS) Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities such as the activation of skeletal muscle. Somatic Nervous […]

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Introduction Anatomy

Gluteal Buttocks Lumbar Lower back, between the ribs and pelvis Femoral Thigh Oral Mouth Pedal Foot EMT Emergency Medical Technician Costal Ribs Abdominal Between the thorax and pelvis Podiatry Care and treatment of the feet Ophthalmology Eye and eye diseases Otolarynology Ears, nose and throat specialist Psychiatry Mental Health Hematology Blood and blood disorders/diseases Frontal […]

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