Test Answers on Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards

Anatomy & Physiology: Anatomical Position

Posterior (Dorsal) toward or at the back of the body Anterior (Ventral) toward or at the front of the body Superior toward the head end upper part of a structure/body Inferior away from the head end toward the lower body parts Proximal closer to the origin of body part near to the point of attachment […]

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Anatomy & Physiology – Chapter 2

elements substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be broken into simpler constituents by chemical means compounds chemical combination of two or more elements atoms smallest particle of a chemical element that retains the properties of that element; particles that combine to form molecules subatomic particles particles that make up atoms; neutrons, […]

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Anatomy And Physiology: Anatomical Positions Test Questions

Inferior Toward the bottom of the body Ventral Along (toward) the belly surface of the body Proximal Toward the Trunk (position in a limb or other appendage) Contralateral The other side Coronal Plane frontal plane; divides body into ventral and dorsal RLQ Right Lower Quadrant Left Hypochondriac Regions Left upper region of abdomen Right iliac […]

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Pearson’s Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2

Matter anything that occupies space and has mass States of Matter Solid, Liquid, Gas Energy The capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion. Kinetic Energy Energy in action Potential Energy Stored Energy, inactive energy that has the potential or capability to do work but is not presently doing so. Chemical Energy the […]

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human anatomy and physiology: chapter 1 pearson

anatomy studies the structure of the body Physiology studies the function of the body parts atom, molecule,organelle,cell,tissue,organ,organ system, organism The organization of an organism cells smallest unit of living things tissues a group of similar cells that have a common function organ structure composed of at least 2 tissue types that performs a specific function […]

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Anatomy/Physiology – Anatomical Positions

superior (cranial) toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above inferior (caudal) away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below ventral (anterior) toward or at the front of the body: in front of dorsal (posterior) toward or at the backside […]

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Anatomy & Physiology: Planes and Sections of the Body

Plane An imaginary flat surface that separates two portions of the body or an organ. Sections The division of an organ or the body to make internal structures visible. Frontal (Coronal) Section A plane from side to side separates the body into front and back portions. Sagittal Section A plane from front to back separates […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue

Muscle functions Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughout body, heat generation Properties of muscle tissue Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasticty 3 Types of Muscle tissue Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth Skeletal muscle Striated, multinucleated, voluntary Cardiac muscle Striated, Uninucleated, involuntary Smooth muscle Nonstriated, uninucleated, involuntary Epimysium Surrounds entire muscle Perimysium surrounds fascicles. Fascicles Bundles of muscle […]

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study guide for exam 1 human anatomy & physiology

anatomy study of body structure integumentary, skeletal & muscular the 3 body systems that offer protection, support & movement physiology the study of how the body functions metabolism all the life-sustaining reactions that occur within the body systems together make up anabolism simple compounds are built into more complex(energy-required building phase of metabolism in which […]

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Anatomy and Physiology I

Anatomy the study of structure Physiology the study of function Palpation feeling a structure with the hands, such as palpating a swollen lymph node Auscultation listening to the natural sounds made by the body such as heart and lung sounds Percussion the examiner taps on the body, feels for abnormal resistance, and listens to the […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1

Define Anatomy Study of the structure of an organism Define Physiology Study of the functions of a living organism What are the 10 Characteristics of Life 1. Responsiveness 2. Conductivity 3. Growth 4. Respiration 5. Digestion 6. Absorption 7. Secretion 8. Excretion 9. Circulation 10. Reproduction Responsiveness Permits an organism to sense, monitor, and respond […]

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Anatomy & Physiology Terminology

Anatomy is the science of body structures and the relationships among them. Physiology is the science of body functions. Embryology the study of: the first eight weeks of development after fertilization of a human egg. Developmental _________ Biology: the complete development of an individual from fertilization to death. Cell Cellular structures and functions. _________ Biology […]

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An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Position and Directional Terms

anatomy the study of internal and external parts of the body anatomical position Standing up facing forward, with head level and eyes facing forward, feet flat on the floor, arms at the sides of the body with palms turned forward physiology the study of the function of parts of the body homeostasis refers to the […]

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Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 PEARSON Quiz 12

What is occurring at the area labeled #4? Excessive potassium has diffused out causing hyperpolarization. Submit ________ are the most numerous type of neuron in the CNS. Interneurons ________ nerves are nerves that connect to the brain. Cranial ________ line the brain ventricles and spinal canal. Ependymal cells Which area of the graph shows when […]

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Anatomy And physiology- Pearson 10

Levels of organization 1.Atomic (atoms/elements/ions) 2.Molecular (h2o/glucose/DNA) 3. Organelles (little organs/mitochondria) 4.Cellular (muscle cells/neurons) 5. Tissues (muscle tissue/nervous tissue) 6.Organ (heart,kidney,brain) 7.Organ system (digestive system) 8.Organism (us) What makes something alive? Maintaining boundaries, movement, responsiveness, digestion,metabolism, excretion,reproduction, growth Homeostasis The maintenance of a stable internal Enviromental, in response to a changing external environment Define A&P […]

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Pearson Anatomy and Physiology Body Regions

Frontal Orbital Nasal Oral Mental Cervical Otic Occipital Cephalic Cervical Scapular Vertebral Lumbar Sacral Gluteal Perineal Hallux Plantar Digital Metatarsal Tarsal Calcaneal Sural Crural Popliteal Patellar Femoral Coxal Digital Fibular or Peroneal Pollex Palmar Metacarpal Carpal Antebrachial Olecranal Antecubital Brachial Acromial Thoracic Abdominal Sternal Axillary Mammary Umbilical Pelvic Inguinal Pubic Upper Limb Lower Limb Manus […]

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Pearson’s Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2

Matter anything that occupies space and has mass States of Matter Solid, Liquid, Gas Electrical Energy results from the movement of charged particles. (The nervous system uses electrical currents) Elements Unique substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by ordinary chemical methods. 118 Elements are recognized, 92 of them occur in nature, the […]

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Chapter 1 Human Anatomy And Physiology Pearson Test Questions

Anatomy The study of body structure Physiology Study of function Gross/Macroscopic Anatomy Study of body structure visible to naked eye Microscopic Anatomy Deals with structures not seen by naked eye Cytology Form of microscopic anatomy. Considers cells of body Histology Form of microscopic anatomy. Study of tissues. Levels of Structural Organisms Chemical Level, Cellular Level, […]

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Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 and 6 Pearson

What is a nervous system cell called? neurons What are the “helper” nervous system cells called? Neuroglia What are the three (3) types of muscle? Skeletal Muscle,Smooth Muscle, Cardiac Muscle Which muscle types are voluntary and which are involuntary? V- skeletal I-Smooth and Cardiac Where would you normally find smooth muscle? Blood Vessels Where would […]

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Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2 & 3

The number of protons plus the number of neutrons Atomic weight (mass) A combination of two or more atoms of different elements Compound A small, negatively charged particle that orbits the nucleus Electron An atom that has gained or lost electrons, and thus carries an electrical charge Ion Atoms are held together by sharing electrons […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Lab Anatomical Terminology(relative position)

Superior above another body part Inferior below another body part Anterior (ventral) towards the front Posterior (dorsal) towards the back Medial imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves Lateral toward the side, away from the midline Bilateral refers to paired structures, away from the midline(lungs are bilateral) Ipsilateral refers to structures […]

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