The Qualitative and Quantitative Methods for AIDS Controol
Studying the HIV/AIDS disease requires a lot of investigation and approaches. There are two approaches that can be done to investigate and control the disease. These are the qualitative and the quantitative approaches. According to Hoepfl, there are valuable information that can be taken from both methods.
Hoepfl defines the qualitative approach as a research that uses a natural method to understand a particular thing or situation. On the other hand, a qualitative approach is a kind of method that uses statistical procedures, quantification or experiments to arrive at certain conclusions.
The Quantitative Approach was done by Bristol (2007) to identify what particular countries and populations are hit by the disease. According to the results from his study, most victims of the disease came from Africa and low-income countries.
Statistical Analysis done was based on the death count caused by AIDS in 2005. Quantitative Approach was also done to seek for the vaccine of AIDS. As of October 2007, it can be determined that there has been a discovery of a 50% effectivity of a vaccine for the disease.
This was done through the use of experimentation or the quantitative approach. Continual research could eventually lead to a 100% affectivity of the vaccine in the future.
The Qualitative approach as stated by Bristol in his article can help in the prevention of the disease. According to experts from NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases), prevention of the disease can be done through the modification of behaviour such as reduction of sexual partners and delay of sexual activity, screening of blood supply, clean needles and condom use.
Another analysis from the experts are the human nature itself. According to Anthony Fauci, director of NIAID, the things that needed to be modified are customs, societal leadership and traditional practices. An example of these is the societal norm in Africa, Polygamy is still widely accepted in the country and as such, this kind of practice further spreads the disease in the nation.
This qualitative approach needs discipline and education from the organizations that tried to prevent the spread of the disease such as NIAID.
As a conclusion, both approaches have their own use in the investigation of the disease. It is important to determine both results so that the overall situation would be investigated properly and all angles are covered by the experts. Through the use of such methods, total study and knowledge of the investigated disease (AIDS) would be fully explored and prevention for such would be developed.
Quantitative Approaches are mainly used to develop vaccines to cure the disease itself. It can also be used as estimate as to what is the current situation globally and what particular gender or race is affected by the disease. However, this approach cannot measure the reasons why a particular nation is being victimized by the disease.
On the other hand, the Qualitative Approach can determine the different factors that might affect a certain place or social group through the use of customs and culture however, this particular approach cannot measure or magnify the number or persons affected by the disease.
As stated above both approaches are important in a research, that is why experts must consider both approaches when dealing with the investigation and prevention of HIV/AIDS.
Hoepfl, M.(2003). Choosing Qualitative Research: A Primer for Technology Education Researchers. Journal of Technology Education. Vol 9 No.1 Virginia Tech University
Bristol, N. (2007) Battling HIV/AIDS: Should more money be spent on prevention? 26 October 2007. CQ Researcher. Vol 17 Issue 38. CQ Press
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