The Psychology of Studying-Reflective Learning

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Experiential cognition
Style of thought arising during passive experience.
Reflective cognition
Style of thought arising while actively thinking about an experience.
Self-reference
The practice of relating of new information to prior life experience.
Critical thinking
An ability to evaluate, to compare, analyze, critique, and experience.
Reflective SQ4R method
An active study-reading technique based on these steps: survey, question, read, recite, reflect, and review.
Active listener
A person who knows how to maintain attention, avoid distractions, and actively gather information from lecture.
Spaced practice
Practice spread over many relatively short study sessions.
Massed practice
Practice done in a long, uninterrupted study session.
Mnemonic
A memory aid or strategy.
Self-testing
Evaluating learning by posing questions to yourself.
Overlearning
Continuing to study and learn after you think you’ve mastered a topic.
Self-regulated learning
Deliberately self-reflective and active self-guided study
Weekly time schedule
A written plan that allocates time for study, work, and leisure activities during a one-week period
Term Schedule
A written plan that lists the dates of all major assignments for each of your classes for an entire semester or quarter.
Specific goal
A goal with a clearly defined and measurable outcome.

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