Socialization into Society versus Socialization into Nursing Essay
Throughout the progression of an individual’s life, socialization is a very important process that he or she must experience in order to fulfill any career endeavor as an adult. This is the process by which, through contact with other human beings, one becomes a self-aware, knowledgeable, and skilled in the ways of a given culture and environment. The family, peers, schools, and the mass media are important agents of socialization. Traditionally, the main social environment for young children, the family, has provided the earliest and closest models to guide learning.
Socialization enables a child to grow up as a responsible adult and also how to learn to behave in society and obtain values from those whom the interaction takes place. From the viewpoint of society as a whole, however, what is important about the process of socialization is that people learn to behave according to the norms of their culture. As the individual matures, the second phase of socialization transpires when a child enters adulthood. This normally occurs when the person embarks on a career path.
Such is the case of becoming a professional nurse. However, the socialization process into society differs from the socialization into the field of nursing. Hence, the individual has already undergone the process of socialization, bringing forward all of the prior learned information. Second, the socialization into nursing is tremendously influenced by factors such as, demographics, facilities of the course of study and clinical setting, and also by the values and morals of the individual.
Moreover, the socialization process of a nurse has the ultimate goal of preparing and readying the individual to obtain a license and or enhance their path for more future accomplishments. Socialization begins at an a very early age. The most important agents of socialization are parents, the media, and peers. As the child world expands beyond the family, weather the child is school age or earlier, the peer group becomes an important influence on emotional and social development .
An increasingly large part of a child’s early social life is spent in the peer group, where the reactions of same-age peers serve as powerful reinforcements and punishment s that shape behavior. As a child increasingly identifies with his or her peers and uses them as role models, the child’s self definition become strongly influenced by the characteristics and standards of his or her peer group- standards that often vary significantly from those of parents and other adults.
Formal socialization occurs in schools through instruction in mathematics, English, and other subjects. But the role of school as a agent of socialization goes far beyond teaching the standard subjects. Praise and reprimands in schools are structured to teach and reinforce school rules, so that a child could adapt to expected requirements. Emphasis on grades teaches individualistic values of competition and achievement. The gender, racial, and ethnic composition of teaching staffs teaches lessons about what kinds of people are regarded as knowledgeable and competent .
Extracurricular activities from athletics to helping the teacher are differentially distributed across the student body, leading to differences in socialization experiences and outcomes. Although school dominates the lives of most children, television also plays a huge role; the average American child spends between three and six hours with a television every day, watching TV, video-tapes, and DVDs and playing video games (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2001).
Television and other media such as radio, the Internet, popular music, movies, comic books, video games, books, magazines, and newspapers are important in socialization because they provide a model for behavior. According to the American Nurse Association (ANA) “The profession mirrors the diverse population it serves and provides leadership to create positive changes in health policy and delivery systems. ” In other words, the profession of nursing is representative of many diverse individual s, and therefore the parties involved must convey a very high level of tolerance.
Being tolerant is associated with learned values as a young child. These values are standard for decision making. values are of equal importance when dealing with patients. For instance, the interaction between a nurse and patient occurs “within the context of the values and believes of the patient and the nurse. ” As a nurse, personal values are not to be inculcated on the patient and one’s values must be put aside because the patient’s needs are subjective.