Commonly used prefixes and examples

essay B

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a-, an-
no, not, without, lack of
ad-
toward, near, to
bi-
two, double
de-
down, away from
di-
two, double
dia-
through, between
dif-
apart, free from
dys-
bad, difficult, painful
ec-, ecto-
out, outside, outer
end-, endo-,
within, inner
ep-, epi-
upon, over, above
eu-
good, normal
ex-, exo-
out, away from
extra-
outside, beyond
hyper-
above, beyond, excessive
hypo-
below, under, deficient
in-
in, into, not
mega-
large, great
meta-
beyond, over
para-
beside, alongside, abnormal
poly-
many, much, excessive
post-
after, behind
pre-
before, in front of
pro-
before, in front of
super-
above, beyond
anoxia
lack of O2
adhesion
union of two surfaces
bicuspid
having two cusps
degenerate
higher to lower form
diplopia
double vision
dialysis
diffusion of molecules
diffusion
widely spread
dysfunctional
abnormal, impairment
ectoderm
outermost layer
endometrium
uterus lining
epidural
situated outside
euphoria
exaggerated feeling
excrete
eliminate
extrauterine
outside the uterus
hypertension
high blood pressure
hypodermic
beneath the skin
infusion
steeping in water
megalgia
severe pain
metastasis
transfer of disease
paracolitis
inflammation of outer colon
polycystic
many cysts
postnatal
occurring after birth
premenstrual
preceding menses
prootic
front of ear
supernutrition
excessive nutrition
supra-
above, beyond
supracostal
outside the ribs

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